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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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PABLO ALVARO – See Bodo.
PABLO CHRISTIAN – See Christiani, Pablo.
PACIFIC MESSENGER – See Periodicals.
PACIFICO CASE – An affair arising out of a claim made on the Greek government by one David Pacifico, commonly known as "Don Pacifico" (born a British subject at Gibraltar 1784; died in London April 12, 1854). Pacifico first began business at...
PADAN-ARAM – The first element in the word is variously explained as meaning "road" or "field," "yoke," and "plow." It may indicate in this connection that portion of Aram which could be cultivated—the lowland between the Euphrates and the...
PADERBORN – Town in the province of Westphalia, Prussia. The presence of Jews there is first mentioned in 1606, when the diet of Paderborn decided to prevent any increase of the Jewish inhabitants on account of the exorbitant interest...
PADOVANI, ELISHAMA MEÏR – Italian Talmudist of the eighteenth century; born in Modena; died at Padua 1830. He was educated and first served as rabbi in his native place; he then became joint rabbi at Mantua with Jacob Cases, and, finally, rabbi of Padua,...
PADUA – Prosperity in the Fourteenth Century. City of upper Italy, 22 miles west of Venice, on the Bacchiglione; capital of the province of the same name. Its Jewish congregation, for centuries one of the most important of Italy, with...
PADUA – See Maẓliaḥ, Judah b. Abraham Padova.
PADUA, JACOB MEïR – Russian rabbi; born in Brest-Litovsk; died there Dec. 12, 1854. He was a descendant of the Katzenellenbogen family which had been prominent in Brest for more than three centuries. His father, Ḥayyim (d. 1837), and his...
PAGANISM – See Gentile; Worship, Idol.
PAGAY, HANS – Austrian actor; born at Vienna Nov. 11, 1845. His father was a broker, and destined his son for the same career; but Pagay preferred the stage, and began as a chorus singer, going subsequently to Linz and Odessa, where he sang...
PAGAY, JOSEPHINE – Austrian actress; born at Vienna; died at Berlin Nov. 18, 1892. She made her first appearance at the age of fourteen in the rôle of Cupido in "Orpheus in der Unterwelt," at the Quaitheater, Vienna. Her spirited delivery, humor,...
PAGEL, JULIUS LEOPOLD – German physician and medical writer; born at Pollnow, Pomerania, May 29, 1851; educated at the gymnasium at Stolp and at the University of Berlin (M.D. 1875). In 1876 he established himself as a physician in Berlin, receiving...
PAGGI, ANGELO – Italian Hebraist; born at Sienna May 4, 1789; died at Florence June 7, 1867. He received his Hebrew training under Leon Vita Monseles, and also studied Italian and Latin literature. For a short time he was engaged in...
PAHLAVI LITERATURE, JEWS IN – In the "Dinkard." The Pahlavi or Middle Persian literature, extending approximately from the third to the tenth century C.E., is devoted mainly to the theology of Zoroastrianism. In its polemics, therefore, it naturally mentions...
PAINTING – The art least developed among the Hebrews. If it is borne in mind that painting was affected by the Mosaic interdiction against images, it is not surprising that this art is hardly mentioned in the Old Testament. Decorations on...
PAIVA (PAYBA), DE – Spanish Marano family of Amsterdam, with some members in Mexico.Abraham de Paiva: Poet; lived in Amsterdam about 1687. A Spanish sonnet by him is included in a pamphlet by D. L. de Barrios ("Tora Or," p. 40).Jacob Ribero de...
PAIX, LA – See Periodicals.
PAKS CONFERENCE – Meeting of rabbis held Aug. 20 and 21, 1844, at the town of Paks, Hungary. The discussions in the Hungarian Parliament concerning the emancipation of the Jews produced in Hungary, as elsewhere in Europe, a demand for the reform...
PALACE – The Hebrews learned from the Phenicians the art of erecting large buildings having several rooms. David's palace was built by workmen sent by Hiram of Tyre; and Solomon also availed himself of their services. Of David's palace...
PALACHE, SAMUEL – Moroccan envoy sent by the King of Morocco to the Netherlands about 1591; subsequently acted as consul there; died at The Hague 1616. He proposed to the magistrates of Middleburg in Zealand to make that town an asylum for the...
PALÁGGI (FALAJI), ABRAHAM – Turkish rabbinical author; born at Smyrna in 1809; died there 1899; son of Ḥayyim Palaggi. On the death of his father (1869), Abraham succeeded him as chief rabbi of Smyrna in virtue of an imperial decree; and he held this...
PALAGGI, ḤAYYIM – Turkish rabbinical author; born at Smyrna 1788; died there 1869; maternal grandson of Joseph b. Ḥayyim Hazan, author of "Ḥiḳre Leb"; pupil of Isaac Gategno, author of "Bet Yiẓḥaḳ." After serving as president of the tribunal in...
PALÁGYI, LUDWIG – Hungarian poet; born at Becse April 15, 1866; educated privately by his father, a former public school-teacher, and by his elder brother Melchior Palágyi. He began to write at the age of thirteen, his first poem appearing in...