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JOSEPH IBN ḤASAN – Arabic author of the fifteenth century or earlier. In 1467 he wrote "Muḥsin al-Adab," on culture, in fifty ḳaṣidahs. It was adapted from the "Sefer ha-Musar" of Isaac ibn Crispin, according to Steinschneider (Neubauer, "Cat....
JOSEPH ḤAZZAN BEN JUDAH OF TROYES – Page From the First Edition of the "Yosippon," Mantua, 1475-80.(In the Library of Columbia University, New York.)French Talmudist and ḥazzan; flourished at Troyes about the middle of the thirteenth century. From quotations in...
JOSEPH, HENRY SAMUEL – English convert to Christianity; born in 1801; died at Strasburg, Alsace, Jan. 28, 1864. At first a preacher in the synagogue at Bedford, he became converted to Christianity and was ordained in 1839 as a literate in the Church...
JOSEPH BAR ḤIYYA – Gaon of Pumbedita from 828 to 833. In the controversy between Daniel and the exilarch David ben Judah, the gaon Abraham ben Sherira seems to have been deposed by one party and Joseph bar Ḥiyya, the "ab bet din," appointed gaon...
JOSEPH BEN IBRAHIM IBN WAḲAR – See Ibn Waḳar, Joseph ben Abraham.
JOSEPH BEN ISAAC BEKOR SHOR OF ORLEANS – French tosafist, exegete, and poet; flourished in the second half of the twelfth century; pupil of Jacob Tam, Joseph Caro, and Samuel ben Meïr (Rashbam). The identity of Joseph Bekor Shor and the tosafist Joseph ben Isaac of...
JOSEPH B. ISAAC OF CHINON – French tosatist; lived in the second half of the twelfth and at the beginning of the thirteenth century. He is mentioned as a prominent Talmudist in "Ha-Terumah" (ed. Zolkiev, No. 44) and in "Roḳeaḥ" (ed. Lemberg, p. 475). He is...
JOSEPH BEN ISAAC HA-LEVI – Page from the First Edition of the Judæo-German "Yosippon," Zurich, 1546.(From the Sulzberger collection in the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York.)Lithuanian philosopher of the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries....
JOSEPH ISRAEL – See Jacob ben Joseph Israel.
JOSEPH, JACOB – Russian-American rabbi; born at Krozhe, government of Kovno, Russia, 1848; died at New York July 28, 1902. He studied in the yeshibah at Volozhin under Hirsch Leib Berlin and Israel Salanter, and his aptness as a student won him...
JOSEPH BEN JACOB – Gaon of Sura about 930-936 and 942-948. He was chosen by the exilarch David ben Zakkai to fill the place of Saadia (c. 930) when the latter was deposed. In 936, however, when the exilarch became reconciled to Saadia, Joseph was...
JOSEPH B. JACOB ISAAC – Rabbi at Yampol, Russia, later at Zamoscz; died in 1807. He was the author of "Mishnat Ḥakamim," on various subjects, including Maimonides' "Madda'" (Lemberg, 1792). Appended to the book are some novellæ by his son Isaac, rabbi...
JOSEPH BEN JACOB OF PINCZOW – Lithuanian Talmudist of the seventeenth century. He was a pupil of Ẓebi Hirsch, rabbi in Lublin. In 1687 he was rabbi at Kosowi, Russia, whence he was called to Syeltzy. In 1702, compelled to leave Syeltzy on account of the...
JOSEPH BEN JACOB IBN ẒADDIḲ – Spanish rabbi, poet, and philosopher; died at Cordova 1149. A Talmudist of high repute, he was appointed in 1138 dayyan at Cordova, which office he held conjointly with Maimon, father of Maimonides, until his death. Joseph was...
JOSEPH BEN JOHANAN – French rabbi of the fourteenth century. He was a native of Treves ( , read by Carmoly "Troyes"), and seems to have been the first to adopt "Treves" as a family name. He is called also "the Great" ("ha-Gadol"), owing to his...
JOSEPH B. JOSHUA B. LEVI – Amora of the third century; educated by his father (Shab. 68a; Ber. 8b; Yeb. 9a). He was the son-in-law of Judah ha-Nasi; and therefore his father, Joshua b. Levi, did him the honor to rise at his approach, in order to show his...
JOSEPH BEN JOSHUA BEN MEÏR HA-KOHEN – Historian and physician of the sixteenth century; born at Avignon Dec. 20, 1496; died at Genoa in 1575 or shortly after. His family originally lived at Cuenca, then at Chuete, Spain; when the Jews were expelled from Spain it...
JOSEPH BEN JUDAH IBN 'AḲNIN – Physician and Poet. Disciple of Moses Maimonides; born about 1160; died 1226. For the first twenty-five years of his life he lived with his father, who was an artisan at Ceuta in Maghreb. His youth fell in the period of the...
JOSEPH BEN KALONYMUS HA-NAḲDAN – German Masorite and liturgical poet; flourished in the first half of the thirteenth century. He was the author of a long acrostic poem on the accents, with a commentary. Joseph composed also liturgical poems, among which were:...
JOSEPH KARA – See Kara, Joseph ben Simeon.
JOSEPH, KING OF THE CHAZARS – See Chazars.
JOSEPH (JOSE) B. ḲISMA – Tanna of the first and second centuries; contemporary and senior of Hananiah b. Teradion. He is never cited in connection with halakot, but some ethical and eschatological sayings of his are preserved in the Talmud. He prized...
JOSEPH HA-KOHEN – See Joseph ben Joshua ben Meïr ha-Kohen.
JOSEPH DE LAMEGO – See Capateiro, Joseph.
JOSEPH (B. JACOB) OF MANDEVILLE (MORELL) – French exegete; pupil of Abraham ibn Ezra. He wrote a supercommentary on that scholar's commentary on Exodus (Neubauer, "Cat. Bodl. Hebr. MSS." No. 1234, 9). It is probable that he is identical with the Joseph b. Jacob to whom...