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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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KOL BO – Collection of ritual and civil laws, the meaning of the title being "all is in it"; who its author was has not yet been ascertained. The work in content resembles earlier codes, as, for instance, the Ṭurim or the "Orḥot Ḥayyim,"...
ḲOL MEBASSER – See Periodicals.
KOL NIDRE – Prayer recited in the synagogue at the beginning of the evening service on the Day of Atonement; the name is taken from the opening words. The "Kol Nidre" has had a very eventful history, both in itself and in its influence on...
KOLETKAR, MOSES – Sirdar bahadur in the Anglo-Indian army. He enlisted in the Eighth Regiment Native Infantry April 1, 1842, and was later transferred to the Twenty-seventh Regiment. He was appointed jemidar and native adjutant Jan. 1, 1853;...
KOLIN – In the Seventeenth Century. Town in Bohemia. Its Jewish community is one of the oldest in the country. A number of Jews were living here in the fourteenth century, and they had their own synagogue. A stone inscription from a...
KOLISCH, BARON IGNAZ VON – Hungarian merchant, journalist, and chess-master; born at Presburg April 6, 1837; died at Vienna April 30, 1889. Both in business and as a chess-player he was eminently successful. He founded the Wiener Börse-Syndikatskasse in...
KOLISCH, RUDOLF – Austrian physician; born at Koritschan, Moravia, Dec. 10, 1867; studied medicine at Vienna and Heidelberg (M.D. 1891). In 1895 he became privat-docent in medicine at the University of Vienna. Besides lecturing during the...
KOLISCH, SIGMUND – Austrian poet and historical writer; born at Koritschan, Moravia, Sept.15, 1817. He was educated at the University of Vienna, where he studied classical philology, history, and philosophy. After a short sojourn in Italy (1847)...
KOMPERT, LEOPOLD – Austrian author; born at Münchengrätz, Bohemia, May 15, 1822; died at Vienna Nov. 23, 1886. He studied at the universities of Prague and Vienna, and was for several years tutor in the house of Count George Andrassy. In 1857 he...
KOMPSE BAR KOMPSE – See Ḳamẓa and Bar Ḳamẓa.
KÖNIG, FRIEDRICH EDUARD – German Protestant theologian; born at Reicheribach, Saxony, Nov. 15, 1846; Ph.D., 1874, Leipsic; D.D., 1888, Erlangen. He was appointed professor of theology, first at Leipsic, then at Rostock, and, in 1900, at Bonn.König has...
KÖNIG, JULIUS – Hungarian mathematician; born Dec. 16, 1849, at Raab. He entered the University of Vienna to study medicine, but being more interested in mathematics, he went thence to Heidelberg, and studied physics with Helmholtz and...
KÖNIGLICHE WEINBERGE – A southeastern suburb of Prague. The city of Königliche Weinberge was built within a few years after the Austro-Prussian war of 1866, when the walls of Prague were removed. As the site had been formerly occupied by vineyards...
KÖNIGSBERG – Capital of the province of East Prussia. It was founded by the knights of the Teutonic Order, the laws of which excluded the Jews from its territory. After the secularization of the order Duke Albert granted to two Jewish...
KÖNIGSBERGER, LEO – German mathematician; born in Posen Oct. 15, 1837. He studied in Berlin (Ph.D. 1860), and was appointed instructor in mathematics and physics at the Military Academy, Berlin, in 1861; in 1864 he was made assistant professor, in...
KÖNIGSTEIN, LEOPOLD – Austrian oculist; born at Bisenz, Moravia, April 26, 1850; M.D., Vienna, 1873. On graduating he engaged in practise as an oculist in the Austrian capital; in 1882 he became privat-docent, and in 1901 assistant professor of...
KÖNIGSWARTER – A family that resided in Königswarte, near Tachau, Bohemia, about the middle of the eighteenth century, when Jonas Hirsch Königswarter emigrated thence to Fürth, Bavaria. There he established a business that made him wealthy,...
KONITZ AFFAIR – An accusation of ritual murder, based on the unexplained assassination of the student Ernst Winter in Konitz, West Prussia. Winter, the son of an architect of Prechlau, attended the gymnasium of Konitz. Although only nineteen...
KONKI – See Conque.
ḲONṬRES – Usual designation, among the Tosafists, of Rashi's commentary on the Talmud. Rashi himself uses the expression once to designate a written Talmudic interpretation by his "old teacher" (Jacob b. Yaḳar on Giṭ. viii. 82a). In the...
KOPLIK, HENRY – American physician; born at New York Oct. 28, 1858; educated at the College of the City of New York and at the College of Physicians and Surgeons (M.D. 1881). He took a postgraduate course at the universities of Leipsic, Prague,...
KOPPELMANN – Rabbi at Nuremberg toward the end of the fourteenth century. In 1406 Rabbi Israel went to Nuremberg and taught there, at first together with Koppelmann. Afterward they had a controversy, which Rabbi Jacob Weil, interfering,...
KOPPELMANN, JACOB BEN SAMUEL – German author and translator; born in the district of Breisgau 1555; died 1598. In 1583 he went to Frankfort-on-the-Main, but was obliged to leave that city on account of the plague. While on the road he composed his "Ohel...
KOR – See Weights and Measures.
KORAH – 1. Son of Esau by Aholibamah; mentioned as a "duke" ( ) of the land of Edom (Gen. xxxvi. 5, 14, 18; I Chron. i. 35). 2. Son of Eliphaz, Esau's son by Adah; also mentioned as a "duke" of Edom (Gen. xxxvi. 16). 3. Son of Hebron of...