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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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KIHAYA – Title of the political representatives of the rayas, i.e., the non-Mohammedan Turkish subjects, at the Porte. The Jewish representative is proposed by the chief rabbi of the central consistory of the Jews of Constantinople, his...
KIKKAR – 1. The central and more extensive part of the Jordan valley, referred to in Gen. xiii. 10, 12; xix. 17, 25, 28, 29; Deut. xxxiv. 3; II Sam. xviii. 23; I Kings vii. 46; II Chron. iv. 17; Ezek. xlvii. 8. At a later period Kikkar...
KIL'AYIM – Name of a treatise of the Mishnah, Tosefta, and the Palestinian Talmud. It belongs to the order Zera'im, and deals with the exact definition of the Pentateuchal prohibitions (Lev. xix. 19; Deut. xxii. 9-11) which forbid the...
KI LO NA'EH – A hymn, beginning thus, in the home-ritual for Passover eve, and one of the latest constituents of the Seder Haggadah, dating from the fifteenth century (see Haggadah). It was originally intended for the first night of the...
KIMBERLEY – See South Africa.
ḲIMḤI – Name of a family of scholars, the earliest known members of which lived at the end of the eleventh and in the twelfth century. The name was so common that it was used by R. Michael in his "Seder ha-Geṭ" as a paradigm word. It is...
ḲIMḤI, SOLOMON – Turkish rabbinical author; lived at Constantinople in the middle of the nineteenth century. In 1862 he published "Meleket Shelomoh," in which he tried to prove that the Karaites are animals, that it is forbidden to teach them...
ḲINAH – Classes of Ḳinot. Lamentation chanted in honor of the dead; it has a halting movement peculiar to itself, and ranges from a dirge or wail to the elegiac form (comp. David's elegies on the deaths of Saul and Jonathan [II Sam. i....
KINANAH – Opponent of Mohammed; son of the poet Al-Rabi' ibn Abu al-Ḥuḳaiḳ, who flourished at Medina in the seventh century, prior to the appearance of Mohammed at that town. He had two brothers—Al-Rabi' and Sallam; all three were...
KINDBETTBRIEF – See Childbirth.
KINDERFREUND, ARYEH LÖB – Polish scholar; born at Zamosc, government of Lublin, 1798; died at Lemberg 1873. In the earlier part of his life he was in very good circumstances, but he soon lost his fortune and had to make use of his knowledge of classical...
KINDLING OF LIGHTS – See Lights.
KING – Chief ruler of a nation.—Biblical Data: In Jewish history the first ruler called "king" was Saul, son of Kish, but in Palestine almost every chieftain bore this title. According to Josh. xi. 1-2, the country contained numbers of...
KINGDOM OF GOD – Targum to Zech. xiv. 9 and Ob. 21; "Malkut Shaddai ": 'Alenu; and "Malkut Shamayim": Ber. ii. 2, and elsewhere in Mishnah and Haggadah): Reign or sovereignty of God as contrasted with the kingdom of the worldly powers. The hope...
KINGS, BOOKS OF – Biblical Data: Fourth book of the second canonical division of the Hebrew Bible, the Prophets ( ). It contains a history of the kings of Judah and of Israel from the last days of David till the capture of Zedekiah by...
KINGSTON – See Jamaica.
ḲINNIM – Name of a treatise of the Mishnah in the series Ḳodashim. The Pentateuchal law ordains the sacrifice of two turtle-doves or of two young pigeons for a person that has been cured of an issue (Lev. xv. 14-15, 28-29). A similar...
KINSHIP – See Family and Family Life.
KINSMAN – See Family and Family Life.
ḲINYAN – See Alienation and Acquisition.
KIPPURIM, YOM HA- – See Atonement, Day of.
KIR – A people and country subject to the Assyrian empire. In II Kings xvi. 9 and Amos i. 5, ix. 7, Kir is mentioned as the place whither the Syrians went before they settled in the regions north of Palestine, and to which...
KIRALFY, IMRE – Musical composer; born in Budapest, Hungary, Jan. 1, 1845. He received his musical education at Budapest, Vienna, and Paris. Kiralfy, who commenced composition of music at the age of twelve, is the author, originator, and...
KIRCHHEIM, RAPHAEL – German scholar; born in Frankfort-on-the-Main 1804; died there Sept. 6, 1889. For some time he was shoḥeṭ in the Orthodox congregation of Samson Raphael Hirsch in Frankfort, in which city he spent his whole life. He assented to...
KIRIMI, ABRAHAM – Crimean rabbi of the fourteenth century. According to Firkovitch ("C. I. H." No. 50), Kirimi was a proselyte and a pupil of Aaron ben Joseph the Karaite. He derived his name from his native town Kirim, or Sulehat, in the...