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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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BRODSKI – A family which has produced many rabbis and notable men in the last three hundred years. It is a branch of the Schor family. Meïr Schor of Brody, Galicia, married and settled in Zlatopol, government of Kiev, Russia, where he...
BRODSKY, ADOLPH – Russian violinist; born in Taganrog March 21, 1851. At the age of nine he played in a concert at Odessa, attracting much attention. He received his musical education from Professor Helmesberger in Vienna, where he played in his...
BRODY – See Galicia.
BRODY, HEINRICH – Austrian rabbi; born May 21, 1868, at Ungvár, Hungary; descendant of Abraham Broda. Educated in the public schools of his native town, and at the rabbinical colleges of Tolcsva and Presburg, Hungary, Brody also studied at the...
BRÓDY, SÁNDOR – Hungarian author and journalist; born at Erlau in 1863. After attending the schools of that city he devoted himself entirely to literature. From 1888 to 1890 he was editor of the "Erdélyi Hiradó," published at Klausenburg, and...
BRÓDY, SIGMUND – Hungarian journalist, and member of the Upper House of the Hungarian Parliament; born Nov. 15, 1840, at Miskolcz. He attended the gymnasium at Budapest, and late studied law at the university. He began his journalistic activity...
BROGLIE, VICTOR-CLAUDE, PRINCE DE – French statesman; opponent of Jewish emancipation; born at Paris, 1757; beheaded in 1794 for intriguing against the French Revolution. He wrote "Opinion sur l'Admission des Juifs à l'Etat Civil" (Paris, 1791), in which he argues...
BROKER – One who acts as middleman between seller and buyer, or makes it his business to bring buyer and seller together; also one who acts as agent for hire. The Neo Hebrew word for broker is "sirsur." It occurs with the former and more...
BROKERS, JEW – A term used to indicate the Jewish merchants who had the right of trading at the Royal Exchange, London. The word "brokers" was first applied to traders, merchants, and middle-men in the time of Edward III.; but it was not until...
BROMBERG – See Posen.
BROOCH – A term which occurs in I. Mace. x. 89, xi. 58, xiv. 44, as the translation of the Greek πόρπη; Latin, fibula. This was a ring made of metal (often gold) and set with precious stones, through which passed a pin. It was used, in...
BROOKLYN – See New York.
BROTHER – Son of the same father and mother (or of either), but principally son of the same father and mother (see Gen. xlii. 3, 4, 5, 13; xliv. 11, 23, 29; II Sam. xiii. 4 et seq.; Judges ix. 3). The brother was expected to give his...
BROTHERHOODS – See Fraternities.
BROTHER-IN-LAW – See Levirate.
BROTHERLY LOVE – A Biblical Command. The love for one's fellow-man as a brother. The expression is taken from the Greek word ΦιλαδελΦία("love of brothers"), which trait distinguished the early Christian communities. Rom. xii. 10; I Thess. iv. 9;...
BROTHERS, RICHARD – English visionary and founder of Anglo Israelism; born Dec. 25, 1757, at Placentia, Newfoundland; died at London Jan. 25, 1824. He entered the British navy in 1771, but was discharged as a half-pay lieutenant in 1783. In 1790 he...
BROUGHTON, HUGH – English Christian divine and rabbinical scholar; born 1549 at Oldbury, Shropshire; died at Tottenham, near London, Aug. 4, 1612. Broughton was entered at Magdalene College, Cambridge, where he began his Hebrew studies under the...
BROVARY – Small town in the government of Chernigov, Russia. In 1898 it had 1,344 Jewish inhabitants in a population of 5,166. Most of them were engaged in mercantile pursuits; while 258 followed various handicrafts. The prevailing trade...
BROWN, SAUL – See under New York.
BROWN, WILLIAM – Scottish clergyman; born 1766; died 1835; for forty-three years minister of Eskdalemuir, Scotland. He is the author of "Antiquities of the Jews Carefully Compiled from Authentic Sources, and Their Customs Illustrated from Modern...
BROWNING, ROBERT – English poet; born in Clerkenwell, London, 1812; died at Venice Dec. 12, 1889. From his somewhat Jewish appearance, knowledge of Hebrew, and sympathy with Jews, it was for a long time thought that Browning was of Jewish descent,...
BROYDÉ, ISAAC – Russian Orientalist; born at Porozowo, government of Grodno, Russia, Feb. 23, 1867. After attending the gymnasium at Grodnohe went in 1883 to Paris. There he studied at the Sorbonne, receiving his diploma from the Ecole des...
BRUCHSAL – City in the grand duchy of Baden. Jews resided here as early as the beginning of the twelfth century. In 1337 the Jews of Bruchsal joined with those of a number of other places in paying an annual tribute of 700 marks (in lieu...
BRUCK, ABRAHAM JACOB – Russian educator; author of works in Hebrew and in Russian; born in the district of Rossienny 1820; died in Yekaterinoslav 1893. He received his education at the yeshibah of Volozhin, but studied Hebrew grammar and the Russian,...