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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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SIMḤAH B. SAMUEL OF VITRY – Compiles the Vitry Maḥzor. French Talmudist of the eleventh and twelfth centuries; died in 1105. He was a pupil of Rashi and the compiler of the Vitry Maḥzor ( ), which contains decisions and rules concerning religious practise,...
SIMḤAT TORAH – Name given to the second day of Shemini 'Aẓeret; it falls on the 23d of Tishri and closes the Feast of Sukkot. The name was not used until a relatively late time. In the Talmud (Meg. 31a),where the hafṭarah for this feast-day is...
SIMMLEIN OF HALBERSTADT – German Talmudist; rabbi at Halberstadt from 1620 to 1650. The period of his activity was practically coextensive with that of the Thirty Years' war, which was especially disastrous to the Jews. At Halberstadt,where the war...
SIMMONS, LAURENCE MARK – English rabbi; born in London 1852; died at Manchester April 5, 1900. He was educated at the City of London School, proceeding in 1873 to the Rabbinical Seminary at Breslau to complete his studies. He held the degrees of B.A....
SIMON (SIMḤAH) CALIMANI – See Calimani, Simḥah (Simon) ben Abraham.
SIMON CEPHAS – The first of the Twelve Apostles; the chief disciple of Jesus and head of the early Church. His life became at an early stage the subject of popular legends, which extended even to his name. Besides the name of Simon, which had...
SIMON, GUSTAV – German surgeon; born at Darmstadt May 30, 1824; died at Heidelberg Aug. 28, 1876. He studied at Heidelberg and Giessen (M.D. 1848). From 1848 to 1861 he was a surgeon of the Hessian army, residing at Darmstadt, where he...
SIMON, JEAN HENRI – Belgian engraver and soldier; born at Brussels Oct. 28, 1752; died there March 12, 1834. He was a son of the engraver Jacob Simon, under whom he learned his trade. When not quite fifteen years of age he was appointed engraver to...
SIMON, SIR JOHN – English sergeant at law and politician; born in Jamaica Dec. 9, 1818; died in London June 24, 1897. He was descended on the maternal side from the Orobios (see Castro family). In 1833 he was sent to England to continue his...
SIMON, JOSEPH – American lawyer and politician; born at Bechtheim, Hesse, Feb. 7, 1851. He accompanied his parents to Portland, Ore., in 1857, when he was but six years of age. He was educated in the public schools of Portland, was admitted to...
SIMON, JOSEPH – Chief of the bureau of the Progressive communities of Hungary, and reporter on Jewish affairs in the Hungarian Ministry of Public Worship; born at Kapolcs, county of Zala, June 24, 1844; studied law at Budapest. He represented...
SIMON THE JUST – See Simeon the Just.
SIMON MACCABEUS – Hasmonean prince and high priest; died 135 B.C.; second son of Mattathias. In I Macc. ii. 3 he is called Thassi; in Josephus, "Ant." xii. 6, § 31, Thatis (with the variant Matthes). The meanings of these names are obscure. His...
SIMON MAGUS – A personage frequently mentioned in the history of primitive Christianity. According to Acts viii. 9-23, he was greatly fearedthroughout Samaria on account of his magic powers; but he permitted himself to be baptized, and wished...
SIMON, MORITZ ALEXANDER – German banker and philanthropist; born at Hanover Nov. 27, 1837; died there 1905. Educated at his native town, he became associated there with the banking-house of Ezechiel Simon. Later he spent some years in New York, and, upon...
SIMON, OSKAR – German dermatologist; born at Berlin Jan. 2, 1845; died at Breslau March 2, 1882. Educated in his native city (M.D. 1868), he took a postgraduate course at the University of Vienna. During the Franco-Prussian war he saw active...
SIMON, LADY RACHEL – English authoress; born in London Aug. 1, 1823; died there July 7, 1899; daughter of Simeon K. Salaman and Alice Cowen. She grew up amid the intellectual and refined surroundings of a home which was the rendezvousof many...
SIMON, RICHARD – French scholar and Orientalist; born at Dieppe May 13, 1638; died there April 21, 1721. After studying at the Sorbonne he joined the Congregation of the Oratory, in the library of which he studied Oriental works and manuscripts....
SIMON (SIMEDL, SIMONCINO) OF TRENT – Child victim of an alleged ritual murder by the Jews of Trent. He was the son of Andreas Unverdosben, a cobbler, or tanner, in Trent, and was born Nov. 26, 1472.The Disappearance of Simon. The harmonious relations between the...
SIMONIAS – A city in Galilee, about two hours southwest of Sepphoris. In the Talmud (Yer. Meg. 70a) it is identified with the Shimron of Josh. xi. 1, xii. 20, xix. 15, a name which had already been replaced in all passages of the...
SIMONS, DAVID – Dutch jurist; born at The Hague Nov. 3, 1860. He studied law at the University of Leyden (J.U.D. 1883), and then established himself as a lawyer in Amsterdam. In 1897 he was appointed professor of penal law at the University of...
SIMONSEN, DAVID JACOB – Danish rabbi and author; born in Copenhagen March 17, 1853. He studied at the Von Westenske Institut in his native city, at the same time receiving private instruction in Talmudics and Hebrew literature. In 1874 he was awarded a...
SIMONSEN, JOSEPH LEVIN – Danish jurist; born in Copenhagen Dec. 26, 1814; died there June 21, 1886. He was graduated from the University of Copenhagen (Candidatus Juris) in 1837, and in 1851 was admitted to the bar of the superior court. He soon...
SIMONYI, SIGMUND – Hungarian linguist; born at Veszprim Jan. 1, 1853; studied at Esztergom, Budapest, Leipsic, Berlin, and Paris; he has embraced Christianity. In 1877 he became lecturer, in 1885 assistant professor, and in 1889 professor, at the...
SIMSON – See Samson.