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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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GORDON, MICHEL – Judæo-German poet and Hebrew writer; born at Wilna Nov. 4, 1823; died at Kiev Dec. 26, 1890. While at the bet ha-midrash he wrote his first poetry and prose. Gordon was a personal friend of Michael Lebensohn, Wolf Kaplan, and...
GORDON, SAMUEL – English novelist; born at Buk, Germany, Sept. 10, 1871. He went to England with his parents in 1883, and was educated at the City of London School and Cambridge University. He was appointed secretary of the Great Synagogue,...
GORGIAS – Syrian general of the second century B.C. After Judas Maccabeus had defeated the Syrians, they determined to send a stronger force against him. According to I Macc. iii. 38, which Josephus follows ("Ant." xii. 7, § 3), it was...
GORIN, BERNARD – Yiddish journalist; born in Lida, government of Wilna, April, 1868. He is the author of two short stories in Hebrew, "Ha-Naggar ha-Na'or" and "Ha-'Agunah" (Warsaw, 1892). Gorin went to America about 1893, and has since been a...
GORING OX – Two passages in Exodus treat of an ox doing harm: the first of harm to a person (xxi. 28-32); the second to the ox of another owner (ib. 35-36). The verb used in the first passage is "nagaḥ" (to gore); that in the second,...
GORNI, ISAAC BEN ABRAHAM – See Isaac ben Abraham Gorni.
GOSHEN – Region of Egypt which the Israelites inhabited during their sojourn in that country. It is described as situated on the eastern frontier of Lower Egypt (Gen. xlvi. 28, 29; Ex. xiii. 17; I Chron. vii. 21), forming an outpost of...
GOSLAR – Town in the province of Hanover, Germany; on an affluent of the Ocker at the north-east foot of the Harz. According to the chronicle of Erdwin von der Hardt, "Plebis Tribunus et Antiquitatum Goslariensium Mirator," Frederick I....
GOSPELS, THE FOUR – See New Testament.
GOTENDORF, JAMES (JAMES NATHAN) – German-American merchant and litterateur; born Feb. 9, 1811, at Eutin, Holstein, Germany; died at Hamburg Oct. 5, 1888. He went to the United States in 1830, and for the next twenty years was engaged in the commission business...
GOTHA – Capital of the duchy of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, Germany. A Jew named Jacob who lived at Cologne in the middle of the thirteenth century is designated as a native of Gotha (Höniger, "Das Judenschreinsbuch der Laurenzpfarre in Köln,"...
GOTTHEIL, GUSTAV – American rabbi; born at Pinne in Prussian Posen May 28, 1827; died in New York city April 15, 1903. He was educated in Posen under Rabbi Solomon Plessner, and later continued his studies at the universities of Berlin and Halle...
GOTTHEIL, PAUL EDUARD – German Protestant missionary; born at Fraustadt, April 5, 1818; died at Stuttgart in 1893. A convert to Christianity, in 1848 he entered the service of the British Society for the Propagation of the Gospel Among the Jews, with...
GOTTHEIL, RICHARD JAMES HORATIO – American Orientalist; professor of Semitic languages, Columbia University, New York; born in Manchester, England, Oct. 13, 1862; son of Gustav Gottheil; educated at Chorlton High School, England, and at Columbia College, New...
GOTTHEIL, WILLIAM S. – American physician; born in Berlin Feb. 5, 1859; eldest son of Rabbi Gustav Gottheil. He was educated at Chorlton High School, Manchester, England; New York University, and Cornell University (A.B. 1879); and took his special...
GÖTTINGEN – From the Thirteenth to the Fifteenth Century. City in the province of Hanover, Germany; formerly capital of the principality of Grubenhagen under the dominion of the Guelfic dukes. Jews settled in Göttingen in the thirteenth...
GOTTLIEB, ABRAHAM – Civil engineer and contractor; born at Tauss, Bohemia, June 17, 1837; died in Chicago, Ill., Feb. 9, 1894. Gottlieb graduated from the University of Prague in 1861, and was at once employed on the Kaiser Francis-Joseph Railroad,...
GOTTLOBER, ABRAHAM BAER – Russian-Hebrew poet and author; born at Starokonstantinov, Volhynia,Jan. 14, 1811; died at Byelostok April 12, 1899. His father was a cantor who sympathized with the progressive movement, and young Gottlober was educated in that...
GOTTSCHALK, LOUIS MOREAU – American pianist; born at New Orleans May 8, 1829; died at Rio de Janeiro Dec. 18, 1869. He completed his musical education at Paris (1841-46), and was but sixteen when he wrote his well-known compositions "Le Bananier," "La...
GOTTSTEIN, ADOLF – German physician; born at Breslau Nov. 2, 1857. He was educated at the gymnasium of his native town, and at the universities of Breslau, Strasburg, and Leipsic, obtaining from the last-named the degree of doctor of medicine in...
GOTTSTEIN, JACOB – German physician; born at Lissa, Austria, Nov. 7, 1832; died at Breslau, Prussian Silesia, Jan. 10, 1895; graduated (M.D.) from the University of Breslau in 1856. Gottstein devoted himself especially to diseases of the throat...
GÖTZ, JOSEPH ISSACHAR BAER BEN ELHANAN – German rabbi; born at Frankfort-on-the-Oder about 1640; died at Jerusalem after 1701. In 1675 he was rabbi of his native town, and in 1687 became rabbi of Kremsir, in Moravia, where in 1694, with David Oppenheim as associate...
GOUDCHAUX, ABRAHAM – See Metz, Typography.
GOUDCHAUX, MICHEL – French statesman: born at Nancy March 18, 1797; died at Paris Dec. 27, 1862. After having been established for some time as banker in his native town, he settled in Paris in 1826. His reputation for probity and philanthropy won...
GOUDSMIT, JOEL EMANUEL – Dutch jurist; born in Leyden June 13, 1813; died there March 17, 1882. He graduated in law May 12, 1842. After practising law for some time he was, on the recommendation of his former teacher, Van Assen, appointed professor of...