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ROMI, JOSEPH – Name by which Joseph b. Judah Ḥamiẓ, a pupil of Leon of Modena, is erroneously known. He was the author of "Belil Ḥamiẓ" (see Isa. xxx. 24), for which Modena claims he wrote an introduction; the work is not otherwise known....
ROMM – Family of printers and publishers of Hebrew books in Wilna. The family formerly lived in Grodno, where the book-dealer Baruch b. Joseph Romm established a printing-office in 1789. The Romm Hebrew printing-office was the first in...
ROŃA, JOSEPH – Hungarian sculptor; born at Lovas Berény Feb. 1, 1861. He was destined by his parents for a mercantile career, and studied at Kecskemét and Budapest; but he soon became a pupil in the studio of a sculptor, where he was obliged...
RÓNA, SAMUEL – Hungarian dermatologist; born at Halas April 1, 1857; educated at Budapest. He was appointed assistant to Prof. Kaposi at Vienna in 1881, and was assistant at the Rukós Hospital, Budapest, from 1882 to 1885. In the following...
RONSBURG, BEZALEL B. JOEL – Bohemian Talmudist and rabbi; born 1760; died Sept. 25, 1820, in Prague, where he was dayyan and head of the yeshibah. Zacharias Frankel was one of his pupils.Ronsburg was the author of "Horah Gaber" (Prague, 1802), commentary...
ROOT – The fundamental or elementary part of a word. So far as is known no Hebrew equivalent of the term "root" was used with a philological application by the teachers of the Talmud. It is true that they disputed about the radical...
ROQUEMARTINE, DAVID – French scholar; a native of Roquemartine; flourished in the fourteenth century. He was the author of "Zekut Adam," giving an allegorical interpretation of the Biblical narrative of the sin of Adam, which, according to the...
ROSALES, JACOB HEBRÆUS (IMMANUEL BOCARRO FRANCES Y ROSALES) – Physician, mathematician, astrologer, and poet; born in 1588 or, according to some, in 1593, at Lisbon; died either at Florence or at Leghorn in 1662 or 1668; son of the Marano physician Fernando Bocarro. On completing his...
ROSANES – Family, originally from Rosas, a Spanish seaport. Members of it emigrated to Portugal at the end of the fifteenth century, and others settled later in Turkey, Austria, and Russia. It may be that "Rosales," the name of a family...
ROSANES, JACOB – German mathematician; born Aug. 16, 1842, at Brody, Galicia. He received a common-school education in his native town and became a clerk in a mercantile house in Breslau, whither he had removed in 1858. Preparing himself for the...
ROSE – This flower is not mentioned in the Bible, and the earliest reference to it occurs in Ecclus. (Sirach) xxiv. 14. It is mentioned in the Mishnah and the later Apocrypha, while in the Targum and with many subsequent exegetes it...
ROSÉ, ARNOLD JOSEF – Rumanian violinist; born at Jassy Oct. 24, 1863. He began his musical studies at the age of seven, and at ten entered the first class in violin at the Vienna Conservatorium, receiving instruction from Karl Heissler. In 1881 he...
ROSEBERY, HANNAH, COUNTESS OF – English social leader and philanthropist; born in London July 27, 1851; died at Dalmeny Park, Scotland, Nov. 19, 1890; only daughter and heiress of Baron Meyer de Rothschild. Like her mother, Baroness Juliana de Rothschild, she...
ROSELLO (RUSCELLI), MORDECAI RAPHAEL BEN JACOB – Scholar and liturgical poet of the first half of the sixteenth century; born in Barcelona, where his family occupied a prominent position. In the course of his travels he reached Naples, and when in 1541 the Jews were expelled...
ROSEN, JOSEPH B. ISAAC – Ab bet din and, subsequently, rabbi in Russia; born in the first half of the nineteenth century at Horodok, near Pinsk; died Jan. 12, 1885 (Ṭebet 25). His father destined him for a commercial career, but the youth preferred to...
ROSEN, MATHIAS – Polish banker and member of the council of state; born at Warsaw 1804; died there 1865. In 1846 he succeeded to his father's banking business. On account of his eminent services to the community, he was elected in 1862 member of...
ROSENAU, MILTON JOSEPH – American physician; born at Philadelphia Jan. 1, 1869; educated at the University of Pennsylvania (M.D. 1889). For more than a year he acted as intern at Blockley Hospital, and then entered the Marine Hospital Service. In 1892...
ROSENAU, WILLIAM – American rabbi; born at Wollstein, Germany, May 30, 1865. He attended successively the gymnasium of Hirschberg (Silesia), the public schools of Philadelphia, the University of Cincinnati (B.A. 1888), Hebrew Union College...
ROSENBACH, HYMAN POLLOCK – American journalist; born at Philadelphia Sept. 16, 1858; died there March 4, 1892. He was connected with the "Public Ledger" and other papers. In 1883 he published a work entitled "The Jews of Philadelphia Prior to 1800," one...
ROSENBACH, OTTOMAR ERNST FELIX – German physician; born Jan. 4, 1851, at Krappitz, Silesia, where his father, Samuel Rosenbach, practised medicine. He received his education at the universities of Berlin and Breslau (M.D. 1874). His studies were interrupted by...
ROSENBACHER, ARNOLD – Austrian lawyer and communal worker; born in Prague April 4, 1840; educated at the gymnasium and the university of his native city (LL.D., July, 1863). While at the university he continued his study of the Bible and rabbinical...
ROSENBAUM, DANIEL BEZALEL – See Ronsburg, Bezalel b. Joel.
ROSENBERG, ABRAHAM HAYYIM – Russian-American writer; born at Pinsk, Russia, Oct. 17, 1838; a descendant of the Jaffe family. Educated at home and at the rabbinical seminary of Jitomir, Russia, he became in 1872 chief rabbi of the district of Pinsk, and was...
ROSENBERG, ALBERT – German physician: born Sept. 17, 1856, at Schloppe, West Prussia; educated at the University of Berlin (M.D. 1880). Of his essays may be mentioned: "Die Behandlung der Kehlkopftuberkulose"; "Die Intubation des Kehlkopfes";...
ROSENBERG, JULIUS – Hungarian deputy; born at Kis-Czell Sept. 12, 1856; educated at Steinamanger and Raab, later studying law at Budapest (LL.D. 1877), where he was admitted to the bar in 1880. Recognized, even before his graduation, as an...