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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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SAADIA – Biblical commentator, whose native country and epoch can not be precisely determined. Rapoport (in "Bikkure ha-'Ittim," ix. 34-35) was the first to prove that the commentary on Daniel which is ascribed to Saadia Gaon does not...
SAADIA BEN ABRAHAM LONGO – See Longo, Saadia ben Abraham.
SAADIA (SA'ID) B. DAVID AL-ADENI – A man of culture living at Damascus and Safed between 1473 and 1485. He was the author of a commentary on some parts of Maimonides' Yad ha-Ḥazaḳah, and copied the commentary of an Arabian writer on the first philosophical...
SAADIA B. JOSEPH (Sa'id al-Fayyumi) – Gaon of Sura and the founder of scientific activity in Judaism; born in Dilaẓ, Upper Egypt, 892; died at Sura 942. The name "Saadia," which, so far as is known, he was the first to bear, is apparently an artificial Hebrew...
SAADIA B. JOSEPH BEKOR SHOR – See Bekor Shor, Saadia.
SAADIA BEN MAIMON IBN DANAN – See Ibn Danan.
SAADIA BEN NAḤMANI – Liturgical poet and perhaps also Biblical commentator; lived in the eleventh and twelfth centuries. He was the author of a piyyuṭ for the first "Ma'arib" of the Feast of Tabernacles, beginning "Sukkat shalem selah," and...
SAALSCHÜTZ, JOSEPH LEWIN – German rabbi and archeologist; born March 15, 1801, at Königsberg, East Prussia; died there Aug. 23, 1863. Having received his education at the gymnasium and university of his native city (Ph.D. 1824), he held several positions...
SAALSCHÜTZ, LOUIS – German mathematician; born at Königsberg, Prussia, Dec. 1, 1835; son of Joseph Levin Saalschütz. From 1854 to 1860 he studied mathematics and physics at the university of his native city, graduating as Ph.D. in 1861; his...
SABA – A word derived from the root , "to be white, old"; used in the Talmud with various meanings:(a) It designates an old man or old woman in general, as in the saying "an old man ["saba"] in the house means ruin, but an old woman...
SABA – See Sheba.
SABA, ABRAHAM – See Abraham Saba.
SABBATH – The seventh day of the week; the day of rest.—Biblical Data: On the completion of His creative work God blessed and hallowed the seventh day as the Sabbath (Gen. ii. 1-3). The Decalogue in Exodus (xx. 8) reverts to this fact as...
SABBATH LEAVES – See Periodicals.
SABBATH LIGHTS – See Lamp, Sabbath.
SABBATH-SCHOOLS – Among the Jews the Sabbath-school or congregational religious school is a product of the nineteenth century. True, in past times every Jewish community of any size had its school for the teaching of the young; but this was a...
SABBATH AND SUNDAY – Early Christian Practise. A brief consideration is desirable as to why and when the keeping of the seventh day as the Sabbath ceased among Christian churches. That Jesus and his disciples kept the seventh day, and without vital...
SABBATICAL YEAR AND JUBILEE – Biblical Injunctions. The septennate or seventh year, during which the land is to lie fallow, and the celebration of the fiftieth year after seven Sabbatical cycles. As regards the latter, the Hebrew term "yobel" refers to the...
SABBIONETTA) – Typography: From 1551 to 1559 the printer Tobias ben Eliezer Foa produced several Hebrew works beginning with Joseph Shaliṭ's "Merkabat ha-Mishnah." (1551) and finishing with an edition of the Ḥoshen Mishpaṭ of the ṭur (1559)....
SABEANS – The inhabitants of the ancient kingdom of Sheba in southeastern Arabia, known from the Bible, classical writers, and native inscriptions. The genealogies of Genesis give three pedigrees for Sheba, the eponymous ancestor of the...
SABINA POPPÆA – See Poppæa Sabina.
SABINUS – 1. Roman procurator; treasurer of Augustus. After Varus had returned to Antioch, between Easter and Pentecost of the year 4 B.C., Sabinus arrived at Cæsarea, having been sent by Augustus to make an inventory of the estate left...
SABORA – Title applied to the principals and scholars of the Babylonian academies in the period immediately following that of the Amoraim. According to an old statement found in a gloss on a curious passage in the Talmud (B. M. 86a),...
SABSOVICH, HIRSCH LEIB – Mayor of Woodbine, N. J.; born at Berdyansk, Russia, Feb. 25, 1860. After his graduation from the classical gymnasium of his native town he spent two years at the University of Odessa. In 1882 he went to Zurich, Switzerland, and...
SACERDOTE, DONATO – Italian poet; born at Fossano 1820; died there Nov. 27, 1883. Passionately devoted to the classics, Donato from his early youth applied himself to the comparative study of the works of Æschylus, Sophocles, and Euripides and...