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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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VERVEER, ELCHANAN – Dutch painter and vignette-engraver; born at The Hague April 19, 1826. He received instruction from his brother Samuel L. Verveer, and from H. F. C. Ten Kate. In 1845 he went to Brussels, where he engraved the vignette...
VERVEER, SAMUEL LEONARDUS – Dutch landscape- and genre-painter; born at The Hague Nov. 30, 1813; died there Jan. 5, 1876. He was a pupil of B. J. van den Hove. Verveer traveled a great deal, visiting especially the art galleries of French cities; but the...
VESOUL – Capital of the department of Haute-Saône, France. Jews first settled there in the latter part of the thirteenth century, under the leadership of Ḥayyim b. Jacob, who was a correspondent of Ḥayyim b. Isaac Or Zarua', one of the...
VESPASIAN – Emperor of Rome from 69 to 79; founder of the Flavian dynasty. The defeat of Cestius Gallus convinced Nero that the Jewish uprising was a serious matter, and he transferred the command of his army to the veteran Flavius...
VESSELS, SACRED – See Temple, Administration of.
VESSILLO ISRAELITICO, IL – An Italian monthly; the continuation of the "Educatore Israelita" (founded 1853), which, upon the death of its editor Giuseppe Levi (July 10, 1874), passed under the new title into the control of Flaminio Servi, rabbi of Casale...
VÉSZI, JOSEPH – Hungarian editor and deputy; born at Arad Nov. 6, 1858. He was educated at the gymnasium of his native town, and studied philosophy, literature, and languages at Budapest. In his early youth he was a poet, and in the seventies...
VICTORIA – See Australia; Ballarat; Melbourne.
VICTORIA – See Canada.
VIDAL B. BENVENISTE IBN LABI – See Labi, Joseph ibn.
VIDAL, MENAHEM B. SOLOMON MEIRI – See Me'iri, Menahem.
VIDAL OF TOLOSA – Spanish scholar of the latter half of the fourteenth century. He resided in Catalonia, where he prepared his most important work, "Maggid Mishneh," a commentary on Maimonides' "Yad." This work covered the entire contents of the...
VIDAL-NAQUET, SAMUEL EMANUEL – French financier; born at Paris Aug. 22, 1859. Educated in his native city, he graduated from the Law Faculty and was admitted to the bar in 1882. In 1885 he entered the Banque des Fonds Publics etValeurs Industrielles, managed...
VIDAS, DE, ELIJAH B. MOSES – See Elijah b. Moses de Vidas.
VIDAS, SAMUEL BEN ḤABIB DE – Spanish scholar and Bible commentator of the fifteenth century; it is said, but not known with certainty, that he was a physician also. He wrote a commentary on Lamentations, entitled "Perush Megillat Ekah," which appeared in...
VIENNA – Capital of Austria-Hungary. Legend asserts that Jews settled in this city in the remotest antiquity, and it is alleged that some were among the first colonists that Rome sent to the Danube. In 905 decrees were issued fixing the...
VIENNE – Town in the ancient province of Dauphiné, France. Jews dwelt there as early as the tenth century (Gross, "Gallia Judaica," p. 191). They lived in a special quarter, still (1905) called "the Jewry," and in the thirteenth century...
VILLEFRANCHE – Town in the mountain district of the department of Rousillon, France; belonged formerly to Aragon. It was founded in 1095, and had a Jewish population as early as the middle of the thirteenth century, among the first settlers...
VINE – See Grape.