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AKHALTZYK (meaning, in the Georgian language, "New Castle"):

A fortified town of Transcaucasia, in the government of Tiflis, on an affluent of the Kur, 110 miles west of Tiflis. Of the 26,000 inhabitants about 3,000 are Jews; some of thembeing very old settlers, while others emigrated from Abas-Tuman in the middle of the nineteenth century, owing to persecution by the Mohammedans of that region. They have a synagogue and schools, and are mainly cotton-weavers and small traders.

Bibliography:
  • Cherny, Sefer ha-Masa'ot, 1884, pp. 246-254;
  • Semenov, Slovar Rossiskoi Imperii, 1863, vol. i.;
  • A. Katz, Die Juden im Kaukasus, 1894.
H. R.
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