Austrian painter; born in 1834 at Cziffer, in the county of Presburg, Hungary. At the age of thirteen he went to Budapest, where he supported himself by tutoring while preparing himself to teach. After receiving his teacher's diploma he entered the Academy of Fine Arts, where he soon won the first prize for a study of a head. Before long he was one of the most popular drawing-teachers in Budapest. He then went to Munich to study under Wilhelm von Kaulbach and Volz. One of his works dating from that time is the "Jew at Prayer." His best-known picture is his first work, "Moses, on His Descent from Sinai, Finds the People Worshiping the Golden Calf." His other works include: "The Death of Jacob," "The Maiden of Judah," "Spinoza as Glass-Polisher," "Judah ha-Levi," and many historical paintings and portraits.