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STRICKER, SALOMON:

Austrian pathologist; born at Waag-Neustadt, Hungary, 1834; died at Vienna April 2, 1898. He received his education at the University of Vienna, studying first law, and later medicine (M.D. 1858). In 1859 he joined the staff of the communal hospital at Vienna, where he acted as assistant at several clinics; he resigned this position in 1862, when he became privat-docent in embryology at the University of Vienna. After having acted in the capacity of assistant to Professors Brücke (1863) and Oppolzer (1866), he was in 1868 appointed assistant professor of experimental pathology and director of a new institute built for experimental purposes. In 1872 he was elected professor of general and experimental pathology, which position he held until his death. In 1875 he was appointed a member of the Imperial Academy of Sciences at Vienna.

Stricker made many contributions to the science of pathology. He was an excellent teacher and an indefatigable worker. In his "Studien" (1869) he attacked Cohnheim's theory regarding pus and the white blood-corpuscles, although that theory had been generally accepted. He introduced the method of embedding microscopic subjects in wax or gum arabic and thus making them adaptable for microtomy, but this method was soon superseded by that of freezing.

Stricker's contributions to medical journals number about 140, and treat of his discoveries in the histology of the cornea, the mechanism of lymphatic secretion, cell theories, vasomotor centers, etc. Of his works the following may be mentioned: "Untersuchungen über die Papillen in der Mundhöhle der Froschlarven" (Vienna, 1857), written while Stricker was a pupil of Professor Brücke; "Studien" (ib. 1869); "Handbuch der Lehre von den Geweben des Menschen und der Thiere" (ib. 1871-73); "Vorlesungen über die Allgemeine und Experimentelle Pathologie" (ib. 1877-83); "Studien über das Bewusstsein" (ib. 1879); "Stuthen über die Sprach vorstellungen" (ib. 1880); "Ueber die Bewegungsvorstellungen" (ib.1882); Studien über die Association der Vorstellungen" (ib. 1883); "Physiologie des Rechts" (ib. 1884); "Allgemeine Pathologie der Infectionskrankheiten" (ib. 1886); and "Die Behandlung der Nervenkrankheiten" (ib. 1891). His works are enumerated in "Dreiszig Jahre Experimenteller Pathologie," an essay which was published at the celebration of the twenty-fifth anniversary of his professorship.

Bibliography:
  • Hirsch, Biog. Lex.;
  • Pagel, Biog. Lex.;
  • Georg Kapsammer, in Wiener Medizinische Wochenschrift, 1898, No. 10.
S. F. T. H.
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