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TERNI, DANIEL BEN MOSES DAVID:

Italian rabbi, poet, and Biblical commentator of the eighteenth and nineteenth centuries; a native of Ancona. After having taught for some time at Lugo, he was called to the rabbinate of Florence. He was the author of the following works: "Se'uddat Miẓwah" (Venice 1791), consisting of sermons for holy days and some responsa; "Simḥat Miẓwah" (Florence, 1793), a dramatic poem in two parts composed on the occasion of the inauguration of a new synagogue at Florence, and mentioned in his "'Iḳḳere Dinim"; "Mattenat Yad" (ib. 1795), a treatise on charity in the form of sermons; "'Iḳḳere Dinim," called also "'Iḳḳere ha-Dat" = "ha-Rab Daniel Terni" (ib., 1803), a compendium of the laws contained in the Shulḥan 'Aruk (Oraḥ Ḥayyim and Yoreh De'ah), arranged according to ancient and later responsa; "Derek Siaḥ," casuistic sermons, and "En Ḳeẓ," a bibliographical work similar to Shabbethai Bass' "Sifte Yeshenim" (both of these works are still unpublished), and "Shem 'Olam," a commentary on the Pentateuch (a manuscript of this work was in Osias Schorr's library).

Bibliography:
  • Fuenn, Keneset Yisrael, p. 263;
  • Fürst, Bibl. Jud. iii. 418;
  • Nepi-Ghirondi, Toledot Gedole Yisrael, p. 79.
E. C. M. Sel.
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