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BERNSTEIN, JULIUS:

German physiologist and medical writer; born at Berlin Dec. 8, 1839; son of Aaron Bernstein (1822-84). He studied at the University of Berlin, whence he was graduated as doctor of medicine in 1862. In 1865 he was admitted as privat-docent to the medical faculty of Heidelberg, and became in 1869 assistant professor of physiology. Two years later he obtained the appointment of professor of physiology at the University of Halle, a position he still (1902) occupies. In 1898 he received the title of "Geheimer Medizinalrath."

Bernstein is one of the leading physiologists of the day. Besides contributing numerous articles regularly, since 1865, to technical journals ("Archiv für die Gesammte Physiologie des Menschen und der Thiere"; "Archiv für Physiologie"; "Archiv für Anatomie und Physiologie"; "Archiv für Pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie und für Klinische Medizin," etc.), he, since 1888, has edited the "Untersuchungen aus dem Physiologischen Institut in Halle." He has written: "Untersuchungen über den Erregungsvorgang im Nervenund Muskel-System," Heidelberg, 1871; "Die Fünf Sinne des Menschen," Leipsic, 1875 and 1900; "Lehrbuch der Physiologie," Stuttgart, 1894 and 1900.

Bibliography:
  • Poggendorf, Biog.-Lit. Handwörterbuch, 1898, iii. 114;
  • Pagel, Biog. Lex. Vienna. 1901, s. v.;
  • Meyer, Konversations-Lexikon, s.v.; private sources.
S. F. T. H.
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