German philologist; born at Königsberg July 16, 1824. He studied at the universites of Königsberg and Leipsic from 1841 to 1845. In 1847 he became privat-docent of classical philology at Königsberg, in 1856 assistant professor, and in 1858 professor. He retired in 1892 to Strasburg, where he is honorary professor at the university. His chief work is "Darstellungen aus der Sittengesch. Rom's in der Zeit von August bis zum Ausgang der Antonine" (3 vols., 1862-71; 6th ed., 1889-90). This work is considered one of the most noteworthy philological productions of the nineteenth century (translated into French by Ch. Vogel, Paris, 1865-74, and into Italian and Hungarian). Friedländer's other publications include: "Nicanoris περὶ Ιλιακῆς Στιγμῆς Reliquiæ Emendatiores" (1850); "Ueber den Kunstsinn der Römer in der Kaiserzeit" (1852); "Aristonici Alexandrini περὶ Σημείων Ιλιάδος Reliquiæ Emendatiores" (1853); "Die Homerische Kritik von Wolf bis Grote" (1853). He edited and annotated Martial (2 vols., 1886); Petronius' "Cena Trimalchionis" (with translation, 1891); and Juvenal (1895). Friedländer has embraced Christianity.
- Meyers Konversations-Lexikon;
- De le Roi, Gesch. der Evangelischen Juden-Mission, p. 215.