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J. Guttmann, Ph.D.

Professor, Jewish Seminary, Breslau, Germany.

Contributions:
ABRAHAM IBN DAUD HALEVI – Spanish astronomer, historian, and philosopher; born at Toledo about 1110; died, according to common report, a martyr about 1180. His mother belonged to a family famed for its learning. His chronicle, a work written in 1161...
ABRAHAM BAR ḤIYYA HA-NASI – As a Mathematician and Astronomer: A celebrated Jewish mathematician, astronomer, and philosopher of the twelfth century. He lived in Barcelona in 1136. According to S. D. Luzzatto, there exists a manuscript, dated April 10,...
ALBERTUS MAGNUS – The most eminent German philosopher and theologian of the Middle Ages and the real founder of the scientific tendency within the order of Dominicans; born at Lauingen, Bavaria, 1193; died at Cologne on the Rhine in 1280. During...
ALEXANDER OF HALES (Alexander Alensis) – An English theologian and a member of the Franciscan order; born in the county of Gloucester; died in Paris, 1245. He was educated at the latter place, where he afterward became a teacher. Alexander may be considered as the...
DUNS SCOTUS, JOHN – Franciscan monk, theologian, and scholiast; born at Dunston, North umberland, England (according to some, at Dun, Ireland), in 1266 (?); died in Cologne, 1308. He was the foremost representative of the Franciscan Order, and...