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M. Brann, Ph.D.

Professor, Jewish Theological Seminary, Breslau, Germany.

Contributions:
ABSALOM – One of the five sons of John Hyrcanus, who was thrown into prison withhis mother and two of his brothers when Judas Aristobulus ascended the Hasmonean throne (105 B.C.). However, after a year's suffering, the king's death...
AGRIGENTUM – A town on the south coast of Sicily; was the seat of a large Jewish congregation as early as the time of Pope Gregory the Great (590-601). There is no information of the origin and age of this settlement and of its further...
AGRIPPA I – King of Judea; born about the year 10 B.C. ("Ant." xiv. 9, § 2); died suddenly in 44. His career, with its abundant and extreme vicissitudes, illustrates in a remarkable manner the complete dependence of the royal family of...
AGRIPPA II – Son of Agrippa I. He was born in the year 28, and according to a statement that is not uncontradicted (Photius, "Bibliotheca," cod. 33), it is said that he died in the year 100. He was educated in Rome, where he saw much of the...
AGRIPPA, CAIUS JULIUS – Mentioned as propretor of the Roman province of Asia in an inscription at Ephesus; was probably a descendant of the royal house of Herod. His father, referred to in the inscription in question as King Alexander, was doubtless...
AGRIPPA, SIMONIDES – Youngest son of Flavius Josephus, the historian, by his second wife, a Jewess of distinguished family from the island of Crete; born about the year 82.Bibliography: Josephus, Vita, § 76; compare § i.M. Br.
AGRIPPINA – The depraved daughter of Germanicus and wife of the emperor Claudiuś, who at times interested herself in the internal affairs of Judea. Upon the pressing representations of Agrippa II., she succeeded in inducing the emperor to...
BLOCH, HERMANN (ḤAYYIM) – German author; born at Breslau April 26, 1826; died Nov. 19, 1896. He was a grandson on his mother's side of the learned Abraham Tiktin, chief rabbi in Breslau and author of numerous learned works, and in his early years...
EUROPE – I Early Period (163 B. C. to 500 C.E.): The first settlements of Jews in Europe are obscure. There is documentary evidence only for the fact that in 163 B.C. Eupolemus, son of John, and Jason, son of Eleazar, went to Rome as...
GERMANY – Country of central Europe. The date of the first settlement of Jews in the regions called by the Romans "Germania Superior," "Germania Inferior," and "Germania Magna," and which, on the whole, are included in the present German...