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A. Kaminka, Ph.D.

Rabbi; Secretary of the Israelitische Allianz zu Wien, Vienna, Austria.

Contributions:
AARON IBN SARGADO – Gaon in Pumbedita and a son of Joseph ha-Kohen. According to the chronicle of Sherira, Sargado officiated from 943 to 960; others declare he died in 942. He was successor to the gaon Hananiah, the father of Sherira. Not of a...
ABRAHAM BEN SHERIRA – Gaon in Pumbedita; successor to Rabbi Joseph bar Abba, from 816 to 828. He was inclined to mysticism, and was reputed to have the ability for predicting future events by watching the motion of the branches of trees. He is quoted...
ABRAHAM BEN YOM-ṬOB OF JERUSALEM – Astronomer and rabbi of Constantinople; born about 1480. He was a pupil of Elijah Mizraḥi, and is quoted by Joseph Caro as a high authority. In 1556, at the instance of Joseph Nasi, he joined the rabbis of Constantinople who...
ABUMAI – Gaon in Sura from 811 to 819; brother of Rabbi Mordecai. He appears to have been the father of the gaon of Sura, Cohen-Ẓedeḳ, who is renowned for his many ritual and judicial decisions. See Geonim. A. K.
ABUMAI BEN ABRAHAM – Gaon in Pumbedita from 810 to 814. No responsa in his name are known. See Geonim. A. K.
BLEEK, FRIEDRICH – Christian theologian; born July 4, 1793, at Ahrensböck, Holstein; died at Bonn in 1859. After a preparatory course at the gymnasium of Lübeck and two years of philosophical study at Kiel, he entered the University of Berlin,...
DANIEL BEN SOLOMON (BEN ḤASDAI) – Exilarch at Bagdad in the second half of the twelfth century. According to Pethahiah, Daniel's father, Solomon, was highly esteemed by the calif, a circumstance that for a time lent new dignity to the exilarchate, which had sunk...
DAVID BEN HODAYA OF MOSUL – Prince of the Davidic house; lived at Mosul (New Nineveh) about 1150-1220. His genealogy, contained in an excommunication issued by him, reads as follows:"David, son of Hodaya, son of Azariah, son of Solomon, son of Messias...
DAVID BEN JUDAH – Exilarch of Babylonia 820-834; successor to Iskawi II. at a time when this dignity was on the decline. His appointment was contested, by a party which favored Daniel, a Karaite according to Bar Hebræus. The calif Al-Ma'mun, to...
DOSA BEN SAADIA – Son of Saadia Alfayyumi. Dosa was a Talmudic scholar and philosopher, but he did not succeed his father as gaon. A responsum by him has been preserved. According to Abraham ibn Daud's chronicle, he entered into correspondence...
ELIEZER B. NATHAN OF MAYENCE – Halakist and liturgical poet; flourished in the first half of the twelfth century. He was the son-in-law of Rabbi Eliakim b. Joseph of Mayence, a fellow student of Rashi. Through his four daughters Eliezer became the ancestor of...
ENOCH BEN MOSES – Prominent rabbi of Cordova, 950-1024. His father was one of the four scholars who, according to tradition, were taken prisoners while on a voyage and sold as slaves, and who subsequently became the founders of Talmudic schools...
FANO – Name of an Italian family, members of which have been prominent as scholars since the sixteenth century. Among them the following may be mentioned:Abraham ben Moses da Fano: Italian scholar of the fifteenth (?) century; author...
ISRAELITISCHE ALLIANZ ZU WIEN – Society for the promotion of Jewish interests, founded at Vienna in 1872 by Joseph Ritter von Wertheimer, and modeled on the Alliance Israélite Universelle of Paris. Its establishment was directly due to the oppression of the...
KAMNIAL (KAMBIL), ABRAHAM B. MEÏR IBN – Spanish physician and patron of poetry and literature; protector of the Jewish communities in Spain, Babylonia, and Egypt; lived in Saragossa about the year 1100. He is known in the history of Hebrew grammar by the mnemonic...