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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Baron David von Günzburg,

St. Petersburg, Russia.

Contributions:
ABIEZER, JUDAH BEN ISAAC, of Tiktin – A Jewish author of the nineteenth century. He resided in Jerusalem and wrote "Mishmeret haBerit" (The Charge of the Covenant), a defense of Judaism against the irreligious, published in Jerusalem, 1846; "Sha'are Ẓedeḳ" (The...
ADELSOHN, WOLF – Russian-Hebrew scholar and teacher; born in Lithuania about the beginning of the nineteenth century; died in Odessa, August 13, 1866. Of his parentage nothing is known. Adelsohn was a disciple of Rabbi Manasseh ben Porath,...
APOTHEKER, ABRAHAM ASHKENAZI – An apothecary ("aptheker," according to the customary Polish-Jewish syncopated pronunciation) and writer, whose name betokens both his nationality and his profession. He lived at Vladimir in Volhynia in the second half of the...
BANK, EMANUEL – Russian lawyer; born at Luknik, government of Kovno, 1840; died at St. Maurice. Switzerland, July 29, 1891. He was the son of Baruch (Boris) Bank; but, his parents being in poor circumstances, he was brought up by his aunt,...
BASILEA, BASILA, BASSOLA, BASOLA, BASLA – A family originally from Basel in Switzerland (whence the name), but resident in the north of Italy and in Palestine from the fifteenth to the eighteenth century.In 1489 Mordecai Ẓarfati (the Frenchman) ben Reuben Bassola...
GORDON, LEON (JUDAH LÖB BEN ASHER) – Accused of Treason. Leon Gordon.Russian Hebrew writer and poet; born at Wilna Dec. 7, 1831; died at St. Petersburg Sept. 16, 1892. He graduated in 1853 from the rabbinical seminary of Wilna, becoming teacher of Hebrew in the...
GÜNZBURG, ILYA YAKOVLEVICH – Russian sculptor; son of Meyer Jacob; born at Grodno May, 1859. The sculptor Antokolski, on his way through Wilna in 1870, happened to notice one of young Günzburg's attempts at sculpture. Struck by the evidence of ability, he...
ḤAZZAN, ABRAHAM BEN JUDAH – Cantor at Kremenetz, Volhynia, in the sixteenth century. In 1595, after recovering from a terrible malady which ended in a trance, he applied himself to utilizing certain material for a haggadic commentary upon the Prophets and...
KULISHER, MIKHAIL IGNATYEVICH – Russian lawyer and author; born July 7, 1847, in a Jewish agricultural colony near the village of Sophiefka, district of Lutsk. At the age of ten he entered the rabbinical school of Jitomir. Afterward he entered the classical...