JewishEncyclopedia.com

The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
- Phrase search: "names of god"
- Exclude terms: "names of god" -zerah
- Volume/Page: v9 p419
- Diacritics optional: Ḥanukkah or hanukkah
- Search by Author: altruism author:Hirsch
search tips & recommendations

Solomon Schechter, M.A., Litt.D.

President of the Faculty of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America, New York City.

Contributions:
LIPSCHÜTZ (LÜPSCHÜTZ, LIPSCHITZ, LIBSCHITZ) – Name of a family of Polish and German rabbis; derived from "Liebeschitz," name of a town in Bohemia.Aryeh Löb Lipschütz: Austrian rabbi and author; lived in the second half of the eighteenth and in the first half of the...
LIPSCHÜTZ (LÜPSCHÜTZ, LIPSCHITZ, LIBSCHITZ) – Name of a family of Polish and German rabbis; derived from "Liebeschitz," name of a town in Bohemia.Aryeh Löb Lipschütz: Austrian rabbi and author; lived in the second half of the eighteenth and in the first half of the...
LISKER, ABRAHAM BEN ḤAYYIM – Russian rabbi of the seventeenth century; native of Brest-Litovsk. After studying in the yeshibot of Lublin and Cracow, Lisker was called to the rabbinate of Rossiena, in the government of Kovno. He was the author of "Be'er...
LISSER, JOSHUA FALK – Prominent rabbi and Talmudist of the second half of the eighteenth century; a descendant of Joshua Falk Kohen of Lemberg and of R. Liwa (MaHRaL) of Prague, and a pupil of R. Moses Zarah Eidlitz of Prague, author of "Or...
LIVER – A glandular organ situated, in man, to the right beneath the diaphragm and above the stomach. In six passages of the Bible in which the liver is mentioned the expression is met with in reference to the part of the organ which...
LÖB ARYEH HA-KOHEN OF STYRIA – Rabbi at Rozniatow and afterward at Styria; died in 1813. He was the author of the following works: "Ḳeẓot ha-Ḥoshen," a casuistic commentary in two volumes on the Ḥoshen Mishpaṭ of Joseph Caro's Shulḥan 'Aruk, published in 1788...
LÖB ARYEH BEN MEÏR – Lithuanian rabbi; lived in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. His notes on Rashi and on Elijah Mizraḥi's commentaries on the Pentateuch were published, under the title "Ḥiddushe Maharsha" (Hanover, 1716), with Samuel...
LÖB JUDAH B. EPHRAIM – Rabbi of the second half of the seventeenth century; probably born in Wilna, from which city his father, Ephraim b. Jacob ha-Kohen, fled to Buda (Ofen, incorporated into the present Budapest) during the Cossack uprising of 1655;...
LOMBROSO (LUMBROSO) – Sephardic family, members of which lived in Tunis, Marseilles, and Italy. The two forms of the family name are doubtless due to different readings of the Hebrew .Abram Lumbroso, Baron: Tunisian physician and scientist; born in...
LONZANO, MENAHEM BEN JUDAH BEN MENAHEM DE – Palestinian Masoretic and midrashic scholar, lexicographer, and poet; died after 1608 in Jerusalem. His nativity is unknown, but it has been supposed that he was born in Italy. According to Jellinek, who identified Lonzano ( or...
LOT – Biblical Data: Son of Haran, Abraham's brother, and, consequently, nephew of Abraham; emigrated with his grandfather, Terah, from Ur of the Chaldees to Haran (Gen. xi. 31). Lot joined Abraham in the land of Canaan, and in the...
LUBLIN, MEÏR BEN GEDALIAH (MaHaRaM) – Polish rabbi; born at Lublin (?) 1558; died there May 3, 1616. He was descended from a family of rabbis, and he speaks of his father as being an eminent Talmudist (Maharam, Responsa, No. 1). His principal teacher was his...
LULIANI BEN ṬABRIN – Palestinian scholar of the beginning of the fourth century. The name, which is the equivalent of "Julianus ben Tiberianus," has been corrupted into in Pesiḳ. R. 7 (ed. Friedmann, p. 26a). His father's name, the usual form of...
LURIA – A family with wide ramifications and several of whose members were distinguished for mystical tendencies and rabbinical knowledge.Abraham b. Nissan Luria: Russian rabbi and grammarian of the first half of the nineteenth century....
MA'ASEROT – Seventh masseket of the Mishnah, Tosefta, and Palestinian Gemara, in the Talmudic order of Zera'im. It deals with the tithes of agricultural produce due to the Levites (Num. xviii. 21). In contradistinction to the tithe called...
MACHPELAH – Biblical and Post-Biblical Data: Name of a field and cave bought by Abraham as a burying-place. The meaning of the name, which always occurs with the definite article, is not clear; according to the Targumim and the Septuagint...
MAKKOT – Treatise of the Mishnah, Tosefta, and Gemara (Palestinian and Babylonian). It is fifth in the order of Neziḳin ("Damages"), following Sanhedrin, to which in contents it is closely related and with which it was formerly united...
MAKSHIRIN – Name of the eighth tractate, in the Mishnah and Tosefta, of the sixth Talmudic order Ṭohorot ("Purifications"). This tractate contains six chapters, divided respectively into 6, 11, 8, 10, 11, and 8 sections, while the Tosefta...
MALACHI B. JACOB HA-KOHEN – Prominent Talmudist and methodologist of the eighteenth century; the last of the great rabbinical authorities of Italy; died before 1790. He was dayyan at Leghorn, and apparently lived to an old age. A decision by him, dated...
MALKA BEN AḤA – Gaon of Pumbedita from 771 to 773. The only fact known concerning him is that, with Ḥaninai Kahana ben Huna (765-775), he opposed Naṭronai ben Ḥabibai, who, for unknown reasons, endeavored to supplant the exilarch Zakkai ben...
MANASSEH BEN JOSEPH OF ILYE – Russian rabbinical writer and philosopher; born at Smorgony, government of Wilna, 1767; died at Ilye, in the same government, 1831. At seven years of age he was acquainted with some original sources in rabbinical literature, but...
MANI, ELIJAH – Turkish rabbi; died in Hebron, Palestine, in the summer of 1899. He was a native of Bagdad, where he was held in great esteem for his piety and his knowledge of the Cabala. About 1856 he went to Jerusalem, and two years later...
MANOAH B. SHEMARIAH HANDEL – Polish author; born at Brzeszticzka ( ), Volhynia; died in 1612. He was the author of the following works: "Ḥokmat Manoaḥ," glosses to the Talmud (printed in the Cracow 1602-5 edition of the Talmud, and separately at Prague, in...
MAR – Aramaic noun meaning "lord." Daniel addresses the king as "Mari" (= "my lord"; Dan. iv. 16 [A. V. 19]; comp. Hebr. "Adoni," used in speaking to the king). In the Palestinian schools "Mari" and "Rabbi" were customarily employed...
MARGOLIOTH – Polish family of Talmudic scholars that traces its descent from Rashi, on the one side, and from the families of Shor and Samuel Edels on the other. The first Margolioth known was Samuel, dayyan at Posen about 1550; one of his...