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Martha Washington Levy, B.A.

Contributor to "The New International Encyclopedia," New York City.

Contributions:
BARNETT, JOHN – English composer; born at Bedford, England, July 1, 1802; died at Cheltenham April 17, 1890. He made his début as a singer at the Lyceum in 1813, when only eleven years of age; but two years later the breaking of his voice led...
BELMONT, AUGUST – American financier; born in Alzey, Germany, in 1816; died in New York city, Nov. 24, 1890. He was educated at Frankfort-on-the-Main, and, after serving several years in the Rothschild banking offices in that city and at Naples,...
BERENSON, BERNHARD – Art critic and historian; born at Wilna, Russia, June 26, 1865. He was educated in America, and in 1887 was graduated at Harvard. For some time Berenson has been in Italy investigating Italian art, and he is regarded as one of...
BROCINER, JOSEF B. – President of the Union of Hebrew Congregations of Rumania; born in Jassy, Rumania, Oct., 1846. From 1864 to 1866 he studied law at the university of his native city, and during that time cooperated with Dr. Landesberg and others...
CASTRO, DE, FAMILY – The various branches of this family are all of Spanish and Portuguese origin. Soon after the establishment of the Inquisition, members of the family emigrated to Bordeaux, Bayonne, Hamburg, and other cities in the Netherlands,...
CAVALLERO, CAVAGLIERO – Name of a family, with branches in Provence, Africa, Turkey, and Italy.1. Abraham ben Judah Cavallero: Lived at Fez between 1688 and 1700.Bibliography: Steinschneider, Hebräische Bibl. xvi. 62.2. Isaac Cavallero: Talmudic...
CHAFF – Separated husks of grain. The Bible frequently compares things evanescent to chaff blown away by the wind (Zeph. ii. 2; Ps. i. 4, xxxv. 5; Job xxi. 18; Hosea xxxiii. 3; Isa. xvii. 13, xxix. 5, xli. 15). In the process of...
CORONEL-CHACON, AUGUSTINE – Portuguese Jew and agent at the court of Charles II. of England; born in Beira, Portugal; died after 1665. After living at Bordeaux (1640-44), he settled in Rouen in 1644, where he became an intimate friend of Enriquez Gomez,...
HIRSCH, JENNY – German authoress and advocate of women's rights; born Nov. 25, 1829, at Zerbst, Anhalt; died March 9, 1902, at Berlin. After the death of her parents she lectured in her native town at the ducal high school for girls, and was...
KISCH – Family of some distinction; migrated in the 16th century from Chiesch in Bohemia; the founder of the family lived in Prague in the eighteenth century, and the members are now spread throughout Europe. The most prominent members...
KLEIN, HERMANN – English musical critic; born at Norwich July 23, 1856. He studied singing under Manuel Garcia from 1874 to 1877, and in 1888 was appointed professor of singing at the Guildhall School of Music, London. Having begun his career as...
MAGNUS, LAURIE – English author and publisher; son of Sir Philip Magnus; born in London in 1872; educated at Magdalen College, Oxford. He was the Berlin correspondent of the London "Morning Post" (1897-98) and leader-writer for thesame paper. He...
MENDL, SIGISMUND FERDINAND – English politician; born 1866. He was educated at Harrow School and University College, Oxford, and in 1888 was admitted to the bar at the Inner Temple, London. After unsuccessfully contesting the Isle of Wight in 1892, and...
MIRANDA, LALLA – Australian singer; born in Melbourne 1876. Both of her parents were singers, and she herself sang in public when only thirteen years of age. After completing her musical education in Europe, under Mdlle. de Garette, and Madame...