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A. Rhine,

Rabbi, Hot Springs, Ark.

Contributions:
AUERBACH, ISAAC B. HAYYIM – Polish rabbi; lived in the first half of the nineteenth century; was first rabbi at Dobria, near Kalisz, then at Plock; later he succeeded his father, Ḥayyim Auerbach, as rabbi of Lencziza, government of Warsaw, Poland. He wrote...
AUERBACH, JOSEPH DANZIGER – Author of "Darke Yesharim" (Paths of the Righteous), a treatise on ethics and morals in the Yiddish dialect, published in Amsterdam in 1758.Bibliography: Zedner, Cat. Hebr. Books British Museum, p. 63; Benjacob, Oẓar ha-Sefarim,...
AUERBACH, PHINEAS BEN SIMON WOLF – Rabbi and Talmudist; lived at the end of the seventeenth and beginning of the eighteenth century. He was chief of the court of justice at Cracow ("bet din"), but on account of the persecutions of the Jews in Poland he was forced...
BAPTISTA, GIOVANNI GIONA GALILEO – Baptized Jew, professor of Hebrew, and librarian of the Vatican; born in Safed Oct. 28, 1588; died May 26, 1668. His Jewish name was Judah Jonah ben Isaac. He studied the Talmud and traveled as a rabbi through Italy and Poland;...
BAPTISTA, GIOVANNI SALOMO ROMANO ELIANO – Baptized Jew; ecclesiastical writer; born at Alexandria, Egypt; died in Rome March 3, 1589. He was a grandson of Elijah Levita, the famous Hebrew grammarian. Baptista traveled extensively in Germany, Turkey, Palestine, and...
BASSEVI VON TREUENBERG, JACOB – Court Jew and financier; born in 1580; died at Jung-BuntzlauMay 2, 1634. He entered business early in life, ultimately became very wealthy, and stood in high favor with the emperors Rudolph II., Matthias, and Ferdinand II., to...
BERNSTORFF, CHRISTIAN GÜNTHER, COUNT OF – Danish and Prussian statesman; born April 3, 1769, in Copenhagen; died March 28, 1835. As early as 1787 he entered the diplomatic service through the influence of his father, Count Andreas Bernstorff. From 1789 to 1794 he served...
BING, SOLOMON – German physician; son of Dr. Abraham Bing of Bingen, and son-in-law of the well-known physician and scholar Joseph Solomon del Medigo; born about the year 1615. In his boyhood he attended the colleges of the Jesuits in Mayence...
BONALD, LOUIS-GABRIEL-AMBROISE – French philosopher, politician, and anti-Jewish writer; born Oct. 2, 1774; died at Nomma Nov. 23, 1840. Being opposed to the Revolution of 1789, he emigrated in 1791 and settled at Heidelberg, where he wrote his first important...
BONN, JONAS BEN MOSES – Physician; lived in Frankfort-on-the-Main in the seventeenth century. Though not in the employ of the community, his name is subscribed to the articles of agreement drawn up in 1656 between the congregation of Frankfort and its...
BROUGHTON, HUGH – English Christian divine and rabbinical scholar; born 1549 at Oldbury, Shropshire; died at Tottenham, near London, Aug. 4, 1612. Broughton was entered at Magdalene College, Cambridge, where he began his Hebrew studies under the...
BRUNNER, SEBASTIAN – Austrian Catholic theologian, editor, and anti-Jewish writer; born Dec. 10, 1814, in Vienna; died in Währing, near Vienna, Nov. 26, 1893. He was ordained as priest in 1838, and after officiating in various parts of the diocese...
BUCHHEIM, CHARLES ADOLPHUS – Professor of the German language and German literature at King's College, London; born in Moravia1828; died at London June 4, 1900. He was educated at the University of Vienna, whence he received the degree of Ph.D.; settled in...
BUCHSBAUM – Family of Jewish physicians of Frankfort-on-the-Main, whose activity extended over a century. Its prominent members were:1. Amschel Gutman Buchsbaum: Son of Gutman Wolf (No. 3). He graduated from the University of Giessen in...
BUOL-SCHAUENSTEIN, JOHN RUDOLPH, COUNT VON – Austrian diplomat; born Nov. 21, 1763; died Feb. 12, 1834, in Vienna. He entered the diplomatic service, and was sent as ambassador to The Hague in 1790, to Basel in 1792, and finally to Dresden. In 1816 he was elected president...
BURMANIA, BARTHOLD DOWE – Dutch statesman and ambassador to the court of Vienna; lived in the eighteenth century. He was a man of broad humanitarian sympathies and an especially stanch friend of the Jews. When, on Dec. 18, 1744, Maria Theresa ordered the...
CACERES – A family, members of which have lived in Portugal, Holland, England, Mexico, Surinam, the West Indies, and the United States. They came, probably, from the city of Caceres in Spain.The first reference to any person bearing the...
CACERES – A family, members of which have lived in Portugal, Holland, England, Mexico, Surinam, the West Indies, and the United States. They came, probably, from the city of Caceres in Spain.The first reference to any person bearing the...
CALLENBERG, JOHANN HEINRICH – Professor of theology and philology, and promoter of conversionist enterprise among the Jews; born of peasant parents at Molschleben Jan. 12, 1694; died July 11, 1760. In 1735 he was appointed professor of philology in the...
CALVÖR, CASPER – Lutheran theologian; born Nov. 8, 1650, at Hildesheim, Prussia; died at Clausthal May 11, 1725. He became master of arts in 1674, deacon at Zellerfeld in 1677, superintendent in 1684, councilor of the consistory in 1708, and...
CANDIA, ISAAC B. SAUL CHMELNIKER – Hebrew poet; lived at Warsaw, Poland, in the first half of the nineteenth century. He is the author of an elegy on the death of Alexander I., emperor of Russia (Warsaw, 1826), the poem being accompanied by a German version of...
CANSINO – Spanish-Jewish family, famous in history for its wealth and influence, its scholars and poets.Jacob Cansino I. served as an interpreter at Oran, a Spanish colony in northwestern Africa, under Charles V., until 1556, when he was...
CANSINO, ABRAHAM BEN JACOB – 1. Poet; lived in the seventeenth century. He is the author of "Aguddat Ezob" (A Bunch of Hyssop), a collection of poems and rhetorical compositions, in three parts, praised very highly by Isaac Cansino and David Abu al-Khair (...
CANSINO, ISAAC (BEN ḤAYYIM) – Poet and prominent member of the Jewish community of Oran; died in 1672; probably a brother of Jacob Cansino II. He was a liturgical poet of high attainments, and cantor in the synagogue on the Day of Atonement, an office...
CANSINO, JACOB – Vassal of his Catholic majesty and interpreter of languages in the places of Oran" (so styled by himself); died Sept. 19, 1666. He was the fifth in succession of the Cansino family to hold the office of royal interpreter. Upon...