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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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A. S. W. Rosenbach,

Philadelphia, Pa.

Contributions:
FRANKS – American Jewish family which included a number of officers of some distinction engaged on both sides in the American Revolutionary war. The earliest known member appears to have been Jacob Franks, a merchant who settled in New...
HART – Several families of this name, of Anglo-Jewish origin, settled early in the English possessions in America, including Canada.Isaac Hart: One of the earliest Jewish residents of Newport, R. I. He settled there as early as 1750,...
LEVY, AARON – Revolutionary patriot; founder of Aaronsburg, Pa.; born in Amsterdam in 1742; died in Philadelphia Feb. 23, 1815. He went to America at an early age and settled in Pennsylvania, his name appearing in the first tax-assessment...
LEVY, BENJAMIN – Coloinal resident of Philadelphia. On Nov. 7, 1765, he signed, with other citizens of Philadelphia, the celebrated agreement not to import merchandise from England until the repeal of the Stamp Act. On Dec. 27, 1776, he was...
LEVY, ELEAZAR – Colonial resident of New York city prior to the Revolution. He fled from New York on account of the British occupation and took up his residence in Philadelphia, where he engaged in business. On Aug. 26, 1779, he presented a...
LEVY, HAYMAN – Colonial merchant of New York; born in 1721; died in New York in 1789. He engaged in business at an early age, and is mentioned as the owner of a privateer and as engaged in the fur trade in 1760 (see "New York Mercury," Aug....
LEVY, NATHAN – Founder of the first Jewish cemetery in Philadelphia; born in Feb., 1704; died in Philadelphia Dec. 23, 1753. He probably went there from New York, for in 1730 a merchant of his name was a member of the Shearith Israel...
LEVY, SAMSON – Colonial merchant of Philadelphia. He was one of the originators, in 1748, of the City Dancing Assembly, a famous social organization of Philadelphia. In Nov., 1765, he signed, with other merchants of the city, including six...
MORDECAI – An American family of German origin, the founder of which settled in the United States in the second half of the eighteenth century. Several of its members took part in the military affairs of the nation. Of these members the...
NONES – American family, tracing its descent from Benjamin Nones of Philadelphia, who lived at the end of the eighteenth century.Benjamin Nones: American soldier. A native of Bordeaux, he emigrated to Philadelphia about 1777, and at...
PENNSYLVANIA – First Mention. One of the original thirteen states of the American Union; named after William Penn, who received a grant of the territory from King Charles II. in 1681. When Peter Stuyvesant, in 1655, conquered the Swedish...
PHILADELPHIA – Chief city of Pennsylvania, and the third, in point of population, in the United States. It is supposed that there were Jews in the neighborhood of Philadelphia at the time of the landing of William Penn, in 1682, since there...