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Philipp Bloch, Ph.D.

Rabbi, Posen, Germany.

Contributions:
AARON BEN ELIEZER LIPMAN – Rabbi of the town of Zempelburg, West Prussia, formerly included in the kingdom of Poland; flourished toward the middle of the seventeenth century. He was an intimate friend of Shabbethai Hurwitz, rabbi of Prague. His work,...
ABELSON, JUDAH BEN ISAAC – A merchant, who devoted the greater part of his time to study; lived toward the end of the eighteenth century at Sherwenty, in Lithuania. His devotion to the study of the Talmud was so intense that, according to his grandson,...
ABRAHAM BEN BENJAMIN ZE'EB BRISKER – Polish author of the seventeenth century; went to Vienna, and, on the expulsion of the Jews from that city in 1670, went to Brest, Lithuania, where he married a daughter of Elijah Lipschütz. He was the author of "'Asarah...
ABRAHAM OF COLOGNE (BEN ALEXANDER) – German rabbi; flourished about 1240. He was considered the most eminent pupil of Eleazar of Worms. Solomon ben Adret relates ("Teshubot," i. No. 548) that he saw Abraham when he came to the king of Castile, probably Ferdinand...
ABRAHAM OF PRZEMYSL – Polish rabbi who flourished about the close of the seventeenth century; son of Judah Loeb, rabbi of Ulanov, in Galicia. At an early age he went to Fürth, in Germany, with the intention of publishing his father's work, "'Eẓ Kol...
ABULAFIA, ABRAHAM BEN SAMUEL – One of the earliest cabalists; born 1240 at Saragossa, in Aragon; died some time after 1291. Very early in life he was taken by his parents to Tudela, in Navarre, where his aged father carefully instructed him in the Bible and...
ABULAFIA, ABRAHAM BEN SAMUEL – One of the earliest cabalists; born 1240 at Saragossa, in Aragon; died some time after 1291. Very early in life he was taken by his parents to Tudela, in Navarre, where his aged father carefully instructed him in the Bible and...
ASCH, ABRAHAM – German rabbi and author; born at Posen; officiated as rabbi of Zell toward the end of the eighteenth century. He descended from a learned family which traced its pedigree to Meïr of Lublin. His father, Joseph, was rabbi of...
ASCHE, TOBIAH BEN EZEKIEL – German Talmudist; rabbi of Zempelburg at the beginning of the nineteenth century. His "'Eṭ Barzel" (Iron Pen) is an explanation of halakic legal themes, and was published posthumously (Berlin, 1832) by his son Gershon, rabbi of...
ASHER BEN DAVID – A son of Abraham ben David of Posquières; flourished about the middle of the thirteenth century. He was a pupil of his uncle, Isaac the Blind, and one of the earliest cabalistic writers. He was the author of or (Explanations on...
'ASIYAH – The last of the four spiritual worlds of the Cabala—Aẓilut, Beriah, Yeẓirah, 'Asiyah—based on the passage in Isa. xliii. 7. According to the "Maseket Aẓilut," it is the region where the Ofanim rule and where they promote the...
AUERBACH, HAYYIM B. ISAAC – Rabbi at Lencziza, Russia, and author; of the first half of the nineteenth century. He was the contemporary and friend of R. Akiba Eger of Posen and of R. Solomon Posner of Warsaw. He wrote "Dibre Mishpaṭ" (Words of Judgment),...
AẒILUT – Cabalistic term for "emanation" or "eradiation"; but philosophical authors prefer "shefa'" or "hashpa'ah." The word is derived from "aẓal" in reference to Num. xi. 17; and in this sense it was taken over into the Cabala from...
BAḤYA (BEḤAI) BEN ASHER BEN HALAWA – Introduces Cabala into Bible Exegesis. One of the most distinguished of the Biblical exegetes of Spain; born about the middle of the thirteenth century at Saragossa; died 1340. A pupil of Solomon ben Adret, Baḥya did not, like...
BENASH, BENJAMIN – Cabalist of the beginning of the eighteenth century; son of Judah Löb Cohen of Krotoschin, Prussia. He wrote the "Shem-Ṭob Ḳaṭan"—extracts from alleged works of Isaac Luria and Moses Naḥmanides, and containing various prayers...
BLOCH, PHILIP – Rabbi and author; born in Prussia May 30, 1841. He studied at the University of Breslau, and under Frankel, Grätz, and Jacob Bernays at the Jewish Theological Seminary; graduated as Ph. D. in 1864; and received his rabbinical...
ENOCH BEN ABRAHAM – Talmudist and popular preacher; died .after 1662. Enoch belonged to a famous family of scholars of the community of Posen. In 1649 he left Cracow, where he was preacher, to become rabbi at Gnesen. It is not known why he left the...
GABBAI – A family the members of which were found in Spain in the fifteenth century, and in Italy and the Levant from the seventeenth onward.Abraham Gabbai (Ysidro): Ḥakam in Amsterdam, later in Surinam; died before 1757. He wrote a...
GAFFAREL (GAFFARELLUS), JACOB – French Christian rabbinical scholar; born at Mannes, Provence, 1601; died at Sigonce 1681. He devoted himself to the study of mysticism, especially of Hebrew cabalistic works, though his own in that field are unreliable. He...
IBN LAṬIF, ISAAC B. ABRAHAM – Spanish physician and cabalist; probably born at Toledo; died at Jerusalem, whither he had gone in indigent circumstances, about 1290. He was the natural philosopher among the cabalists of his period. Cabalistic terms had not...
IBN SHU'AIB, JOSHUA – Preacher and cabalist; flourished about 1328. He was a pupil of Solomon ben Adret and the teacher of Menahem ibn Zerah. Together with Shem-Ṭob ben Abraham ibn Gaon, he was accused by Isaac the Blind of Acco ofuntrustworthiness...
ISRAEL B. MOSES – Polish cabalist; lived at the end of the sixteenth century. He is known only through his book "Tamim Yaḥdaw," in which all verses of the Psalms and the Proverbs found in the Zohar are collected, with the explanations there...
JACOB B. JACOB HA-KOHEN – Spanish cabalist of the end of the thirteenth century; born at Soria; buried at Segovia; also called Gikatilla, according to Jellinek ("Beiträge zur Gesch. der Kabbala," ii. 49). The cabalist Isaac ha-Kohen of Béziers was his...
JACOB BEN NAPHTALI – Talmudist of Gnesen; flourished about 1650. His father was clerk of the Jewry in Great Poland ( ), and died in 1646. Jacob lost his fortune and books in a fire, and had to wander aimlessly about. In 1652 he published in...
ḲANAH ABIGDOR – A cabalistic writer of the fifteenth century, who lived either in Spain (Graetz) or in Italy or in Greece (Jellinek). In the introduction to his book "Sefer ha-Ḳanah," he describes himself as "Ḳanah Abengedor, son of Nahum, of...