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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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A. Eckstein, Ph.D.

Rabbi, Bamberg, Bavaria, Germany.

Contributions:
BAIERSDORF – Small city in Bavaria, near Erlangen, once the summer abode of the margraves of Kulmbach-Bayreuth. Little is known concerning the history of the Jews there. It is certain that in thefourteenth century a Jewish community had been...
BAVARIA – Earliest References. Kingdom in southern Germany. The settlement of Jewish merchants in Bavaria dates from the very earliest times. The legend that they dwelt in certain cities—as, for instance, Regensburg and Augsburg—before...
BAYREUTH – Had a Chief Rabbi in 1372. Principality and capital city of the government district of Oberfranken, Bavaria. Mention is first made of the Jews of Bayreuth in a document of the year 1343. In that year Kalman of Bayreuth is spoken...
FRANKENBURGER, WOLF – German deputy; born at Obbach, Bavaria, June 8, 1827; died at Nuremberg July 18, 1889. While a student at Würzburg he took part in the political agitation of 1848, and soon obtained a reputation as a public speaker and a friend...
FÜRTH – Early Settlements. City of Bavaria, Germany. On April 17, 1528, George the Pious, Margrave of Ansbach, permitted two Jews, Perman and Uriel Wolff, to settle under his protection at Fürth, which was in his territory; and in 1553...
GAON – In Babylon: The title of "gaon," probably an abbreviation of (Ps. xlvii. 5), was given to the heads of the two Babylonian academies of Sura and Pumbedita, though it did not displace the title of "rosh yeshibah"(Aramaic, "resh...
HAGENBACH – Village in Upper Franconia, Bavaria. That an old Jewish colony existed there is proved by "Das Martyrologium des Nürnberger Memorbuches" (ed. Salfeld, p. 271), which mentions Hagenbach among those places in which the Jewish...
HEIDINGSFELD – Bavarian city, on the Main, near Würzburg. It has a population of 4,154, including 100 Jews (1903). That it contained one of the oldest Jewish settlements may be seen from the "Martyrologium" of Nuremberg (ed. Salfeld, p. 233),...
RATISBON – Bavarian city; capital of the Upper Palatinate; formerly a free city of the German empire. The great age of the Jewish community in this city is indicated by the tradition that a Jewish colony existed there before the common...