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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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E. Schreiber, Ph.D.

Rabbi, Emanu-El Congregation, Chicago, Ill.

Contributions:
CATECHISMS – Manuals for religious instruction. The name as well as the form of Jewish catechisms has been adopted from the Christian Church in modern times in connection with a more systematized religious instruction. Catechesis as a term...
FRIEDLÄNDER, SOLOMON – Preacher and physician; born at Brilon, Westphalia, Oct. 23, 1825; died in Chicago Aug. 22, 1860. He studied in Bonn and Heidelberg, and graduated (Ph.D.) in 1844. In 1847 he was elected associate preacher to Dr. Holdheim of the...
HUMILITY – The quality of being humble.—Biblical Data: Judaism, in its conception of humility as in its conception of many other things, stands between the two extremes of self-deification and self-effacement. Jeremiah, in urging the...
KUSEL, RUDOLPH – German jurist and politician; born May 9, 1809, in Carlsruhe; died there Jan. 26, 1890. He studied law in Heidelberg and Munich, and in 1832 was admitted to the bar in Baden. From 1834 he practised law at Rastatt, Bruchsal, and...
LÖWE, JOEL – German commentator; born in 1760; died in Breslau Feb. 11, 1802. He signed his name in Hebrew writings as Joel (= "son of R. Judah Löb"). At the age of twenty he went to Berlin, where he received instruction from Isaac Satanow,...
OG – Biblical Data: Amorite king of Bashan, who reigned in Ashtaroth and was conquered by Moses and Israel in the battle of Edrei (Num. xxi. 33), sixty fortified cities, with high walls, gates, and bars, comprising the region of...
RIESSER, LAZARUS JACOB – German rabbi, born 1763 in the valley of Riess (hence the name "Riesser"); died March 7, 1828, at Hamburg; father of Gabriel Riesser. In the "Zeker Ẓaddiḳ" Riesser calls himself "Eliezer, son of Jacob Katzenellenbogen," rabbi of...
RITTER, IMMANUEL HEINRICH – German rabbi; born March 13, 1825, in Ratibor, Prussian Silesia; died July 9, 1890, in Johannisbad, Bohemia. While studying at the gymnasium of his native town he received his Talmudic instruction under Rabbi Loewe. At the...