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Israel Berlin,

Chemist, New York City.

Contributions:
ARONS, LEO – German physicist and Socialist. Though privat-docent at the University of Berlin he took part in the Socialist movement, and was in consequence suspended from his office by the minister of education, Bosse, April, 1899. Being...
ASHKENAZI, MEÏR BEN MOSES – Polish Talmudist; born about 1590 at Frankfort-on-the-Main; died about 1645 at Mohilev on the Dnieper. His father was dayyan at Frankfort and, later, rabbi at Danhausen, Bavaria. When a youth Meïr went to Lublin, Poland, where...
BACHARACH, ABRAHAM AARON B. MENAHEM MAN (= AARON MANELES) – Writer on religious subjects, and cantor of Posen, hence known also as Aaron Ḥazzan; flourished during the seventeenth century. He was the author of "Urim we-Tummim" (Enlightenment and Perfection), an exhortation to morality and...
BACHARACH, MICHAEL – Dayyan in Prague in the second half of the eighteenth century.Bibliography: Eisenstadt, Da'at Ḳedoshim, p. 224; Walden, Shem ha-Gedolim he-Ḥadash, i. 90; Löw, Gesammelte Schriften, ii. 263.L. G. I. Ber.
BELIN, ELIJAH BEN MOSES I – German commentator and liturgical poet of the fifteenth century. He was rabbi, cantor, and teacher of Talmud and Rabbinic literature at Worms, 1490. According to Zunz, he lived before this at Bingen-on-the-Rhine. Belin wrote a...
BELIN, ELIJAH BEN MOSES II – German Talmudist; died at Worms Feb. 26, 1587, having taken an active part in the affairs of the Jewish community in that city. A manuscript copy is extant (Neubauer, "Cat. Bodl. Hebr. MSS." No. 2184) of a disputation in the...
BELLA, wife of Joshua FALK – A woman of Talmudic learning; born at Lemberg about the middle of the sixteenth century; died at a very advanced age at Jerusalem. She was a daughter of the philanthropist and head of the community at Lemberg, Israel Edels, and...
BENDIG, MEÏR, OF ARLES – Talmudist at Arles, in the Provence, probably in the second half of the fifteenth century. He wrote the following works: (1) An index of all the Biblical passages cited in the Babylonian Talmud, including the "minor treatises,"...
BENJAMIN BEN AARON – asidic writer; lived toward the end of the eighteenth century. He was a pupil of Israel Ba'al Shem-Ṭob, and of Baer of Meseritz. Later, in 1790, he was a preacher at Zlazitz. He was the author of the following works: (1) "Ṭure...
BENJAMIN BEN MEÏR – Polish Talmudist and preacher; lived at Brody, Galicia, in the first half of the nineteenth century. He wrote "Imre Binyamin" (The Words of Benjamin), a homiletic commentary upon the first three books of the Pentateuch...
BENJAMIN, WOLF B. DANIEL – Rabbi in Chomsk, government of Grodno, Russia. He published "Naḥlat Binyamin" (Benjamin's Inheritance), festival sermons and a homiletic commentary on the Passover Haggadah (Cracow, 1642).Bibliography: Steinschneider, Cat. Bodl....
BERGEL, JOSEPH – Neo-Hebraic writer of the first part of the nineteenth century. He was a private teacher at Prossnitz, Moravia. In 1826 and 1827, he published some articles and poems in the annual "Bikkure ha-'Ittim" (vi. 40, 50; vii. 3, 123,...
BERGEL, JOSEPH – Judæo-German writer, probably of the seventeenth century. He was the author of "Ein Schön Göttlich Lied," a religious poem. It seems to have been printed at Prague in the seventeenth century as an addition to the poem "Jüdischer...
BERLIN, JACOB – German Talmudist; born 1707, probably at Berlin; died 1749 at Fürth, Bavaria. He was a pupil of Jacob ha-Kohen, author of "Sheb Ya'aḳob," and later (not after 1734) settled at Fürth, where he lived as a well-to-do private...
BERNSTEIN, MAX – German author; born May 13, 1854, at Fürth, Bavaria; now (1902) practising law at Munich. His literary activity is directed mainly to the stage. The most noteworthy of Bernstein's comedies are: "Cœur-Dame," "Mein Neuer Hut,"...
BEZALEL B. JOSEPH (YOSEL) – Russian Talmudist and rabbi at Orlo, government of Grodno, at the beginning of the nineteenth century. He is the author of a collection of responsa, which he published in 1807 at Byelostok.Bibliography: Benjacob, Oẓar...
BEZALEL B. JUDAH HA-LEVI OF ZOLKIEV – Polish Talmudist of the second half of the eighteenth century. He wrote a commentary to the sayings of the fathers (Frankfort-on-the-Oder, 1781), entitled "Bezalel."Bibliography: Zedner, Cat. Hebr. Books British Museum, p. 95;...
BIALEH, ẒEBI HIRSCH BEN NAPHTALI HERZ – Rabbi and Talmudist; born about 1670 at Lemberg, Galicia; died Sept. 25, 1748, at Halberstadt, Prussia. He conducted a Talmudic high school in his native city until 1718, when he received a call as chief rabbi to the rich...
BING, ABRAHAM – German rabbi and Talmudist; born in 1752 at Frankfort-on-the-Main; died in 1841 at Würzburg, Bavaria, where he had been chief rabbi until his resignation at the beginning of 1839. Before officiating at Würzburg, he was rabbi at...
BISHKA, NAḤMAN BEN BENJAMIN COHEN ẒEDEḲ – Russian Talmudist; lived in the second half of the eighteenth century. Together with his brother, Shabbetai Bishka, he wrote the "Shebet Aḥim" (The Brothers' Sitting), essays on different passages of the Talmud, with an appendix...
BONAFOS – French physician; lived in the second half of the fourteenth century at Perpignan, where he was president of the community.Bibliography:Nissim Gerondi, Responsa, No. 65;Gross, Gallia Judaica, p. 474.G.I. Ber.
BONDI, ABRAHAM BEN YOM-ṬOB – Bohemian Talmudist; died 1787 at Prague. His posthumous work, "Zera' Abraham" (Seed of Abraham), essays on various treatises of the Talmud and on the post-Talmudic writers who treat of marital questions, was published by his son...
BONDI, MORDECAI – German author; lived at Dresden in the first quarter of the nineteenth century. He wrote, together with his brother Simon Bondi, the "Or Ester," a Hebrew dictionary of the Latin words occurring in the Talmud, Targumim and...
BONDI, SIMON – Lexicographer of the Talmud; lived at Dresden; died there Dec. 20, 1816. He wrote, together with his brother Mordecai, the "Or Ester" (Light of Esther), a Hebrew dictionary of the Latin words occurring in the Talmud, Targumim...
BONET DE LUNEL, SEN – French author of the Middle Ages. He wrote a supercommentary on Ibn Ezra's Bible commentary, which is mentioned by Nathaniel Caspi in his commentary on the "Cuzari," written in 1387, and is still extant in manuscripts (among...