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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Max J. Kohler, M.A., LL.B.

Counselor at Law; Corresponding Secretary of the American Jewish Historical Society, New York City.

Contributions:
ADDISON, JOSEPH – English essayist; born at Milston, in England, May 1, 1672; died June 17, 1719. He has been fittingly characterized as "the chief architect of English public opinion in the eighteenth century." For this reason his attitude...
ADDISON, LANCELOT – English clergyman and author; father of Joseph Addison; born at Meaburn Town Head, in the parish of Crosby Ravensworth, Westmoreland, 1632; died April 20, 1703. He was educated at Queen's College, Oxford, and served seven years...
AMBROSIUS, MOSES – One of the earliest Jewish settlers in New York, then called New Amsterdam. He was one of a party of twenty-three Jews who arrived in the New Netherlands in Sept., 1654, apparently having left Bahia, Brazil, upon its reconquest...
ANDRADA, SALVADOR D' – One of the earliest Jewish settlers in New York, his name being first encountered in 1655. He appears to have been more wealthy than most of his associates, was actively engaged in commerce, and was one of the leaders in the...
ANTISLAVERY MOVEMENT IN AMERICA – Jewish Slaveholders. The institution of negro slavery in America has been traced back to the suggestion of a pillar of the Church, Las Casas, who proposed it as a substitute for the enslavement of the American Indians, since the...
ANTISLAVERY MOVEMENT AND THE JEWS – The movement against slavery is one of the most important efforts in the development of civilization; and the relation of the Jews to this subject merits special attention.J. K. Ingram, in his valuable work on the "History of...
ARARAT – A City of Refuge: A proposed city planned by Mordecai Manuel Noah in 1825. The reactionary policy adopted by many European governments after the battle of Waterloo led to the reimposition in many places of Jewish disabilities;...
BARSIMSON, JACOB – One of the earliest Jewish settlers at New Amsterdam (New York). He arrived at that port on the ship "Pear Tree" July 8, 1654, it is believed from Holland, which country he seems to have left in company with a coreligionist...
BENJAMIN, JUDAH PHILIP – American statesman and lawyer; born at St. Croix, West Indies, in 1811; died in Paris, May 6, 1884. His parents were English, Jews who, some years before his birth, had removed from London to St. Croix, then a British island, in...
CUBA – An island in the Atlantic Ocean, the largest of the West Indian groups. The relations of the Jews with the island of Cuba date from the discovery of the island by Columbus in 1492, several Jews having accompanied him on his...
DALY, CHARLES P. – Historian and jurist; born in New York city 1816; died in 1899. Daly was of Roman Catholic parentage. He was admitted to the bar at the age of twenty-three, and, after serving for a year in the state legislature, was elected...
JAMAICA – Largest island in the British West Indies. It has a total population of 644,841 (1901), of whom about 2,400 are Jews. When England conquered the island in 1655, a considerable number of Jewish inhabitants was found there, known...
NEW YORK – Chief commercial city of the state of New York and the largest city of the United States; contains a larger Jewish population than any other city in the world.History: When Jews settled in New York, about 1654, during the Dutch...
NEWPORT – One of the capitals of the state of Rhode Island, U. S. A. Before the American Revolution, Newport excelled New York as a commercial center and port of entry; to-day, however, it is no longer of commercial importance, but has...
PONTE, LORENZO DA (JEREMIAH CONEGLIANO) – Italian-American man of letters, composer, and teacher; born at Ceneda, Italy, 1749; died 1837. He belonged to a well-known Jewish family, which had produced the distinguished Italian-Turkish diplomatist Dr. Israel Conegliano....