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S. Mendelsohn, Ph.D.

Rabbi, Temple of Israel, Wilmington, N. C.

Contributions:
ḤANINA (ḤINENA) B. IḲA – Scholar of the fourth century; contemporary with Pappa and Zebia (Ber. 25b; Niddah 52a). That he was a Babylonian by birth is evidenced by his reportinghalakot of Judah b. Ezekiel, who never visited Palestine (Ber. 25b, 43b,...
ḤANINA (ḤINENA) B. ISAAC – Palestinian haggadist of the fourth century; contemporary of Samuel b. Ammi, with whom he engaged in an exegetical controversy (Yer. Ber. ii. 10a; Gen. R. xv. 7; "Ḥinena"). Huna the Younger cites as Ḥanina's the following...
ḤANINA KATOBA – Palestinian scribe or notary, who acquired some familiarity with law. Only one halakah, which he learned from Aḥa, is connected with his name (Yer. Sanh. ii. 19c; Yer. Hor. iii. 47a).S. S. M.
ḤANINA B. PAPPA – Palestinian amora, halakist, and haggadist; flourished in the third and fourth centuries; a younger contemporary of Samuel b. Naḥman (Yer. Sheb. v. 36a). His name is variously written Ḥanina, Hananiah, and Ḥinena (comp. Yer....
ḤANINA (ḤANIN) B. PAZZI – Palestinian haggadist of the third and fourth centuries. His teachings are confined to the midrashic literature. It is suggested that he may have been the brother of the better-known amora Simon b. Pazzi; but if so, he never...
ḤANINA (HANANIAH) OF SHALḲA – Palestinian haggadist of the fourth century; a contemporary of Joshua of Siknin. He has left no original haggadot. In the few instances in which his name appears in the midrashim, it is joined with that of Joshua, the two...
ḤANINA OF SURA – Babylonian scholar of the fifth century; the junior of Mar Zuṭra, who reports to Ashi a halakic objection raised by Ḥanina (Niddah 52a). It is said that at one time Ḥanina's mother had such an aversion for her husband that she...
ḤANINA (ḤINENA) B. TORTA – Palestinian scholar of the third century; disciple of Johanan and contemporary of Ammi and Isaac Nappaḥa (Tem. 29a, 31a; Ned. 57b; comp. Yer. Ter. vii. 55a). He was born in Ṭirna, or Torta, identified by Neubauer ("G. T." p....
ḤANINAI (ḤANINA) KAHANA B. ABRAHAM – Principal (gaon) of the academy at Pumbedita (782-786). Nothing is known of his life and labors except that he displeased the exilarch, and was therefore removed from office, Huna Mar ha-Levi being installed in his...
ḤANINAI (ḤANINA) KAHANA B. HUNA – Gaon of Sura (765-775); contemporary of Malka b. Aḥa, principal of the academy at Pumbedita. Ḥaninai was a pupil of the gaon Judah, who prevented the election of Anan, the founder of the Karaite sect, to the exilarchate, and...
ḤASA – Babylonian amora of the third century, contemporary of Naḥman (b. Jacob) and of Ammi (B. M. 57a). Though he was a poor man, people trusted him with their treasures, making him their bailee, without taking receipts from him. It...
HATRA'AH – Caution or warning given to those who are about to commit a crime. The Rabbis consider the fact that not all men are lawyers (comp. "Yad Malaki," Din 24), and therefore many sin through ignorance or error. To prove guilty...
HEZEKIAH (Gaon) – Principal of the academy at Pumbedita (1038-40). A member of an exilarchal family, he was elected to the office of principal after the murder of Hai Gaon, but was denounced to the fanatical government, imprisoned, and tortured...
HILLEL II. – Patriarch (330-365); son and successor of Judah III. Only in two instances is his name quoted in connection with halakot: in one, Jose b. Abin expounds to him a law; in the other, Hillel cites a mishnah to establish a law (Yer....
HILLEL B. BERECHIAH (JEBERECHIAH) – Palestinian haggadist. He is cited only once under this name, and then as author of an interpretation which elsewhere is attributed to another (Lam. R. i. 5; comp. Sanh. 104b). He is identical with Alai or Ilaa b. Berechiah,...
HILLEL BEN GAMALIEL III. – Scholar of the second amoraic generation (3d cent.), son of Gamaliel III., brother of Judah II., and probably a pupil of his grandfather Judah I. (see. B. B. 83b). Of his early history nothing is known. As illustrating his...
HILLEL B. SAMUEL B. NAḤMAN – Palestinian haggadist of the fourth century. It may be assumed that his father was his teacher; but he had other instructors also, among them being Levi b. Ḥama (Ber. 28b). According to Hillel, the merits of the teacher are, in...
HOMICIDE – Biblical Data: That bloodshed should be punished with bloodshed was, according to Scripture, proclaimed to Noah and his family: "Surely your blood of your lives will I require; at the hand of every beast will I require it, and...
ḤULLIN – Treatise of the Babylonian Talmud, including Mishnah, Tosefta, and Gemara; it is not found in the Jerusalem Talmud. While it is included in the Seder Ḳodashim, it treats mainly of non-consecrated things and of things used as the...
'ILISH – Babylonian scholar of the fourth century (fourth amoraic generation); contemporary of Raba (B. M. 96a). He and the daughters of R. Naḥman were kidnaped. One day while 'Ilish was sitting in the company of a fellow captive who...
IMMA SHALOM – Wife of Eliezer ben Hyrcanus and sister of Gamaliel II. Of her early life but little is known. She was probably brought up under the care of her brother, and is therefore sometimes cited as his daughter ( , Sanh. 39a; see...
ISHMAEL B. ABRAHAM HA-KOHEN – Talmudic scholar and author; chief rabbi of Modena; born 5484 (=1724); died 5571 (=1811). He was recognized as a profound dialectician, and many casuistic questions were submitted to him. His responsa and novellæ were collected...
ISHMAEL B. ELISHA – Tanna of the first and second centuries (third tannaitic generation). He was a descendant of a wealthy priestly family in Upper Galilee (Tosef., Ḥal. i. 10; B. Ḳ. 80a;comp. Rabbinovicz, "Diḳduḳe Soferim," ad loc.; Ḥul. 49a), and...
ISHMAEL B. JOHANAN B. BAROḲA – Tanna of the second century (fourth tannaitic generation); contemporary of Simon b. Gamaliel II. These two rabbis are often quoted together, either as opposing, or as agreeing with, each other (Tosef., 'Er. iv. [v.] 2; ib. Yeb....
JACOB – 1. Tanna of the second century; probably identical with Jacob b. Ḳorshai (= "the Ḳorshaite," or "of Ḳorsha"), the contemporary of Simon b. Gamaliel II. Of his relations with this patriarch the Talmud has preserved the following...