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Albert Wolf,

Dresden, Saxony, Germany.

Contributions:
EMDEN, HERMANN SELIGMANN – German engraver and photographer; born at Frankfort-on-the-Main Oct. 18, 1815; died there Sept. 6, 1875. Early evincing a love for art and unable to afford an academic education, he entered an engraving and lithographic...
ENGRAVING AND ENGRAVERS – Biblical Data: Engraving is the act and art of cutting letters, figures, and the like, on stone, wood, or metal. The account of the equipment of the high priest (Ex. xxviii., xxxix.) evidences that this art had been developed to...
FIORINO, JEREMIAH DAVID ALEXANDER – German miniature-painter; born at Cassel Feb. 20, 1796 (according to the catalogue of the Dresden Gallery, 1793); died at Dresden June 22, 1847 (not Aug. 24, 1845, as Hoffmeister says); son of the merchant David Alexander...
GOLDSMITHS AND SILVERSMITHS – In the Middle Ages. The earliest descriptions of productions of the goldsmith's art refer to the work of Jewish goldsmiths. The Bible, which contains these descriptions, gives also the names of the workers—Bezaleel b. Uri and...
MEDALS – Soon after the revival of the art of engraving medals, about the middle of the fifteenth century, a few Jewish specimens were struck in Italy, although the number was very small on account of the general oppression of the Jews...
RINGS – Ring as Symbol of Marriage by Purchase. Finger-rings, like rings for the ears and the nose, were used as ornaments by the Jews as early as the Biblical period (Ex. xxxv. 22, etc.), while seal-rings (Gen. xxxviii. 18, 25, etc.)...
SEAL – Biblical References. Breastplates for Scrolls of the Law.1. In the Great Synagogue, Aldgate, London.2. Designed by Leo Horvitz.3. In the Musée de Cluny, Paris.4. In the possession of Maurice Herrmann, New York.An instrument or...