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Bernhard Friedberg,

Frankfort-on-the-Main, Germany.

Contributions:
ADLER, LIEBMANN – American rabbi; born at Lengsfeld, near Eisenach, Saxe-Weimar, Germany, January 9, 1812; died in Chicago, Ill., January 29, 1892. He was educated in Biblical and rabbinical literature by Isaac Hess, rabbi of Lengsfeld; and,under...
ADLER, SAMUEL – German-American rabbi, Talmudist, and author; born at Worms, Germany, Dec. 3, 1809; died in New York, June 9, 1891. From his father, Isaac Adler, who had been one of the dayyanim, or associate rabbis, in Worms, young Adler...
EDELS, SAMUEL ELIEZER BEN JUDAH – Polish rabbi; born in Posen, 1555; died at Ostrog Nov. 30, 1631. He was a son-in-law of Rabbi Moses Ashkenazi, author of "Zikron Mosheh." Samuel bears the name of his mother-in-law, Edel. In 1585 his wife's parents founded for...
EGER – A family established for a long time at Halberstadt, Germany. It appears to have been originally known by the name of "Gins" or "Ginsmann," by which appellation the first two definitely authenticated members, Mayer and David,...
EILENBURG, ISSACHAR BAER BEN ISRAEL LEYSER – Polish rabbi; born in Posen about 1570; died in Austerlitz, Moravia, in 1623. His father gave him a thorough training in the Talmud. From Posen Eilenburg went to Prague and entered the yeshibah of Rabbi Liva. After studying...
EISENSTADT – Polish family which, when the Jews were compelled to adopt family names, selected the name of Eisenstadt, a town in Hungary, where some of the family became rabbis.Abigdor Eisenstadt, or Abigdor Sofer (ben Moses): Died 24th of...
ELEAZAR BEN SAMUEL – Rabbi; born at Cracow about 1665; died at Safed, Palestine, 1742. On the completion of his studies he became dayyan of Cracow. In 1708 he accepted the rabbinate of Rakow, Poland. From there he went to Brody, where he became...
ELIJAH BA'AL SHEM OF CHELM – Polish rabbi; born in 1550; died at Chelm. About 1565 he entered the yeshibah of Rabbi Solomon Luria of Lublin, and, after receiving the rabbinical ordination, became rabbi of Chelm, which position he held until his death....
GÖTZ, JOSEPH ISSACHAR BAER BEN ELHANAN – German rabbi; born at Frankfort-on-the-Oder about 1640; died at Jerusalem after 1701. In 1675 he was rabbi of his native town, and in 1687 became rabbi of Kremsir, in Moravia, where in 1694, with David Oppenheim as associate...
ḤABIB, JACOB (BEN SOLOMON) IBN – Spanish Talmudist; born at Zamora about 1460; died at Salonica 1516. In his youth Ḥabib studied the Talmud under R. Samuel Valensi. In 1492, when the Jews were expelled from Spain, he settled at Salonica, where he wrote his "'En...
HELIN, JACOB MOSES BEN ABRAHAM ASHKENAZI – Polish Talmudist; born about 1625; died about 1700. He studied at Lublin under R. Naphtali ha-Kohen and R. Heshel, and was the son-in-law of Löb Heller, rabbi of Satanow. Helin was the author of "Yede Mosheh," a commentary with...
HENOCHS, MOSES – Talmudist; lived at Jerusalem about 1570. He was the author of "Mar'ah ha-Sorefet," a devotional work, translated into Judæo-German by Phinehas b. Judah Heilprin under the title "Brandspiegel" (Basel, 1602).Bibliography:...
JAFFE (JOFFE) – Family of rabbis, scholars, and communal workers, with members in Germany, Austria, Russia, Great Britain, Italy, and the United States. It traces its descent from Mordecai Jaffe (1530-1612), author of the "Lebushim," and his...
JAFFE (JOFFE) – Family of rabbis, scholars, and communal workers, with members in Germany, Austria, Russia, Great Britain, Italy, and the United States. It traces its descent from Mordecai Jaffe (1530-1612), author of the "Lebushim," and his...
JENER, ABRAHAM NAPHTALI HIRZ BEN MORDECAI – Polish rabbi; born at Yanov 1806; died at Cracow July 14, 1876. He was a pupil of his father and of his brother Johanan, and soon distinguished himself as a Talmudist. In 1826 he went to Cracow, where he engaged in business, but...
JOSEPH BEN MORDECAI GERSHON HA-KOHEN – Polish Talmudist; born at Cracow 1510; died 1591. He began his studies in the Talmud at an early age, and became the head of a yeshibah founded for him by his father-in-law. The many pupils who attended this school soon made him...
JOSHUA HÖSCHEL BEN JOSEPH – Polish rabbi; born in Wilna about 1578; died at Cracow Aug. 16, 1648. In his boyhood he journeyed to Przemysl, Galicia, to study the Talmud under Rabbi Samuel ben Phoebus of Cracow. He returned to his native country, and...
KOPPELMANN, JACOB BEN SAMUEL – German author and translator; born in the district of Breisgau 1555; died 1598. In 1583 he went to Frankfort-on-the-Main, but was obliged to leave that city on account of the plague. While on the road he composed his "Ohel...
KROCHMAL, MENAHEM MENDEL BEN ABRAHAM – Moravian rabbi; born at Cracow about 1600; died at Nikolsburg Jan. 2, 1661. His teacher in the Talmud was Joel Sirkes, author of "Bet Ḥadash." Krochmal soon distinguished himself so highly that with the permission of his master...
LANDAU – A family name said to have been derived from the name of a city situated in western Germany.The name is found largely among Polish Jews, who probably were expelled from that city about the middle of the sixteenth century (see...
LANDAU – A family name said to have been derived from the name of a city situated in western Germany.The name is found largely among Polish Jews, who probably were expelled from that city about the middle of the sixteenth century (see...
LIPSCHÜTZ (LÜPSCHÜTZ, LIPSCHITZ, LIBSCHITZ) – Name of a family of Polish and German rabbis; derived from "Liebeschitz," name of a town in Bohemia.Aryeh Löb Lipschütz: Austrian rabbi and author; lived in the second half of the eighteenth and in the first half of the...
LIPSCHÜTZ (LÜPSCHÜTZ, LIPSCHITZ, LIBSCHITZ) – Name of a family of Polish and German rabbis; derived from "Liebeschitz," name of a town in Bohemia.Aryeh Löb Lipschütz: Austrian rabbi and author; lived in the second half of the eighteenth and in the first half of the...
LÖB (ARYEH) BEN ZACHARIAH – Polish rabbi; born at Cracow about 1620; died there 1671. When a young man he was called as rabbi to Vienna, where he officiated for a few years. Thence he went to Przemysl, Galicia, and in 1665 he became rabbi at his native...
LUBLIN – City of Russian Poland, in the government of the same name; situated 60 miles southeast of Warsaw; in importance the third city of Poland. Numbers of Jews were living in Lublin in the fourteenth century. They were not allowed to...