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Joseph Loeb Sossnitz,

Rabbi; Lecturer on Jewish Ethics, Educational Alliance, New York City.

Contributions:
AARON BERECHIAH BEN MOSES BEN NEHEMIAH OF MODENA – Italian cabalist, who died in 1639. He was a pupil of Rabbi Hillel of Modena (surnamed Ḥasid we-Ḳaddosh, that is, "The Pious and Holy") and of Rabbi Menahem Azariah of Fano. At the request of the Ḥebrah Ḳaddisha (Burial Society)...
AARON OF CARDENA – A cabalist, about whose life little is known. He wrote a book containing "profound secrets" under the title of "Ḳarnayim" (Rays)—see Hab. iii. 4. The work was erroneously ascribed to Isaac b. Abraham b. David, surnamed "the...
AARON BEN GERSHON ABU AL-RABI OF CATANIA – Sicilian scholar, cabalist, and astrologer; flourished between 1400 and 1450. He was a son-in-law of Don Moses Gabbai, an exile from Majorca. Aaron was the youngest of five brothers, all rabbinic scholars; the others were...
AARON HA-LEVI BEN MOSES OF STAROSELYE – A Talmudic scholar and cabalist of note, who flourished in Poland during the latter part of the eighteenth century and the early part of the nineteenth. He was one of the most enthusiastic and steadfast disciples of the cabalist...
AARON SAMUEL BEN MOSES SHALOM OF KREMNITZ – Author of "Nishmat Adam," Hanau, 1611, which contains dissertations on the nature of the soul, purpose of man's existence, the future world, and rewards and punishments.Bibliography: Michael, Or ha-Ḥayyim, No. 318; Benjacob,...
AARON SELIG BEN MOSES OF ZOLKIEV – Author; flourished in the seventeenth century. He wrote "'Amude Sheba'" (Seven Pillars) containing: (1) Commentaries and glosses on the old and the new Zohar, explaining the foreign words therein; (2) treatises not included in...
ABRAHAM BEN ELIEZER HA-LEVI BERUKIM – A cabalistic writer; born before 1540; lived for a long time in Jerusalem, and died at an advanced age in 1600. A pupil of Moses Cordovero and Isaac Luria (died 1572), and a man of great piety and sincerity, Abraham, by his...
ABRAHAM BEN JACOB ẒEMAḤ – Palestinian rabbi and author; born about 1670. He was a rabbi at Jerusalem, and a member of the bet din, or rabbinical tribunal, presided over by Moses ben Jonathan Galante. He is the author of a theological work called "Berit...
ABRAHAM BEN JUDAH ELIMELECH (ALMALIK) – A cabalistic writer who lived at Pesaro (Italy) about the end of the fifteenth century and was probably a Spanish exile. He wrote a book entitled "Liḳḳute Shikḥah u-Peah" (Gleanings), a cabalistic commentary on haggadic portions...
ABRAHAM HA-LEVI BEN ELIEZER HA-ZAḲEN – Spanish exile in Palestine, author and cabalist of the early part of the sixteenth century. He was brother-in-law of Abraham Zacuto, the author of the "Yuḥasin." On being exiled from Spain, 1492, he lived for a brief period in...
ABRAHAM SABA – A preacher in Castile, where he was born in the middle of the fifteenth century. He became a pupil of Isaac de Leon. At the time of the expulsion of the Jews from Spain he took refuge in Portugal, where he met with further...
AGLA – A cabalistic sign used as a talisman. It is a combination of the initial letters of "Attah Gibbor Le'olam Adonai," the first four words of the second benediction of Shemoneh 'Esreh (see Moses Botarel, commentary on "Sefer...
AGUDAT AḤIM – A name adopted by many Jewish societies throughout the world, the members of which pledge themselves to brotherly love, and to mutual assistance in time of need. In the United States the name of the birthplace of the majority of...
ALDABI, MEIR IBN – Writer of the fourteenth century; son of Isaac Aldabi, "He-Ḥasid" (The Pious); grandson of Asher ben Jehiel, and a descendant of the exiles from Jerusalem. His name (erroneously spelled Albadi, Albalidi, Alrabi, and Altabi) is...
ALEXANDER ÜSSKIND BEN MOSES OF GRODNO – A great cabalist of the eighteenth century; died at Grodno, Lithuania, in 1794. He wrote "Yesod we-Shoresh ha-'Abodah" (The Essence and Root of Worship), Novydvor, 1782, a work frequently republished. It contains directions for...
ALEXANDER SUuml;SSKIND BEN MOSES KANTSHIGER – Biblical scholar of the eighteenth century. He was the author of "Miẓnefet Bad" (The Linen Miter), Zolkiev, 1747, a series of dissertations on the arrangement of the Pentateuch, divided according to the weekly sections. He...
ALEXANDER SUuml;SSKIND BEN SAMUEL ZANWIL – A grammarian and cabalist; born at Metz about the end of the seventeenth century. In 1717-18 he published at Köthen (Anhalt, Germany) a work on Hebrew grammar, entitled "Derek ha-ḳodesh" (The Sacred Way); appended to it is a...
ARYEH LOEB – Dayyan of Lublin, Poland, in the seventeenth century. He was the author of "Liḳḳuṭe ha-Or" (Collection of Light), in two volumes, the second of which, "Ha-Maor ha-Gadol" (The Greater Light), is as yet unpublished. The first,...
ASCARI – Rabbi and author of the sixteenth century; styled by Azulai "Ir weḲaddish" (Angel and Saint); a pupil of R. Joseph Sagis, the colleague of Joseph Caro. He lived at Safed.Ascari was a founder of the "Sukkat Shalom" (Tabernacle of...
SHALOM, ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC BEN JUDAH BEN SAMUEL – Italian scholar and theologian; died in 1492. In his "Neweh Shalom" (1574) he places Scriptural and Talmudic knowledge far above philosophy, although he admits that investigation is not only permissible, but necessary for the...