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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Meyer Kayserling,

(deceased), Late Rabbi, Budapest, Hungary.

Contributions:
AARGAU – A canton in northern Switzerland, formerly the only one in which Jews were permitted to live. The two townships Endingen and Lengnau, situated in the district of Baden and about three miles apart, formed for several centuries...
ABBASI, JOSEPH – A wealthy Jew of Oporto, where, in 1376, he was farmer of taxes for the city and its territory.Bibliography: Mendes do Remedios, Judios em Portugal, p. 163; J. A. de los Rios, Historia de los Judios, ii. 279.M. K....
ABBASI (ABBAS), MOSES – Disciple of Rabbi Ḥasdai ben Solomon of Valencia and Tudela (1378). He corresponded with Isaac ben Sheshet and the poet Solomon da Piera (see Steinschneider, "Hebr. Bibl." xiv. 79). M. K.
ABENDANA – The name of a number of Spanish- and Portuguese-Jewish (Sephardic) families in Amsterdam and London. The first person to assume it was the Marano Francisco Nuñez Pereyra, who fled from Spain through dread of the Inquisition at...
ABENDANA, JACOB – akam of London; born 1630; died Sept. 12, 1695. He was the oldest son of Joseph Abendana, and attended the rabbinical academy De los Pintos in Rotterdam. In 1655 he accepted a call as ḥakam to Amsterdam. In the same year, on May...
ABENDANA, JOSEPH – A refugee from the rage of the Spanish Inquisition who settled in Hamburg; he was related to the ḥakam of that name. A relative, Mordecai Abendana, was prominent among the founders of the Hamburg Bank, in 1620. Jacob and Isaac,...
ABENTREVI, JOSEPH – Physician in ordinary to King James I. of Aragon, by whom, in January, 1271 or 1272, Abentrevi was allotted an annual allowance of 500 sueldos (about $12.50, or £2 10s.). The name is probably derived from the Arabic Ibn...
ABIATHAR HA-KOHEN OF SARAGOSSA – Founder of a widespread noble Spanish family that flourished in the fifteenth century. He had two daughters, Esther and Leah. Don Alphonso of Aragon, an illegitimate son of King John of Aragon, fell in love with Esther, who is...
ABLITAS, EZMEL (SAMUEL) DE – Son of Don Juceph; born in the village of Ablitas, near Tudela, from which place he derived his name; died in 1342. He was known as "the rich Jew of Ablitas." He had business relations with the King of Navarre and Aragon. The...
ABOAB – The name of an ancient and widely distributed Spanish family, among whose members were many most able scholars. The family can be authentically traced to the thirteenth century, and representatives thereof are to be found in...
ABOAB – The name of an ancient and widely distributed Spanish family, among whose members were many most able scholars. The family can be authentically traced to the thirteenth century, and representatives thereof are to be found in...
ABOAB – The name of an ancient and widely distributed Spanish family, among whose members were many most able scholars. The family can be authentically traced to the thirteenth century, and representatives thereof are to be found in...
ABOAB – The name of an ancient and widely distributed Spanish family, among whose members were many most able scholars. The family can be authentically traced to the thirteenth century, and representatives thereof are to be found in...
ABOLAFIO, JUAN FERNANDEZ – A Marano of Seville, who lived in the fifteenth century. He was among those who endeavored most zealously to prevent the introduction of the Inquisition into Seville in 1480. For his zeal he forfeited his life at the stake. He...
ABRAHAM BEN DANIEL – Poet and rabbi; born at Modena in 1511. For several years he was a tutor at Viadana, Modena, Rivarolo, Arezzo, and Forli, and finally he became rabbi at Ferrara. From 1536 to 1552, despite unceasing bodily ailments, he composed...
ABRAHAM BEN JUDAH – Flourished in the thirteenth century at Barcelona, Spain. According to De Rossi ("Dizionario," p. 237) there is, among the manuscripts of the Vatican library, an unpublished philosophical work by him, in four parts, called...
ABRAHAM OF LERIDA – Physician, surgeon, and astrologer. All that is known of him is that, on September 12, 1468, he couched a cataract in the right eye of King John II. of Aragon, and afterward was equally successful with the left eye.Bibliography:...
ABRAHAM BEN SAMUEL – Physician in Barcelona about 1030; contemporary of Abraham ben Ḥiyyah. He was highly esteemed at the court of Count Berenger for his knowledge of medical science.M. K.
ABRAHAM BEN YOM-ṬOB OF TUDELA – Commentator, who flourished in Spain about 1300. He was the author of a commentary on Baba Batra, which is still extant in manuscript in the Bodleian Library, Oxford, England.Bibliography: Neubauer, Cat. Bodl. Hebr. MSS. No....
ABRAVALLA – The richest Jew in Valencia. He was forced during the persecution of 1391 to accept Christianity. The jurados of Valencia reported on this baptism on July 14, 1391, as follows: "Yesterday there was baptized the great Don Samuel...
ABRAVANEL, ABARBANEL – One of the oldest and most distinguished Spanish families, which traces its origin from King David. Members of this family lived at Seville, where dwelt its oldest representative, Don Judah Abravanel. Samuel Abravanel, his...
ABRAVANEL, ABARBANEL – One of the oldest and most distinguished Spanish families, which traces its origin from King David. Members of this family lived at Seville, where dwelt its oldest representative, Don Judah Abravanel. Samuel Abravanel, his...
ABSBAN, SOLOMON – Rabbi of Aleppo about 1580; was a grandson of Jacob Berab. He was highly esteemed for his learning, prudence, sagacity, and piety by contemporary scholars, such as Moses Alsheik, Samuel Laniado, and others, with whom he...
ABUDIENTE – Name of a Marano family living at Lisbon. Gideon Abudiente, about the end of the sixteenth century, is the earliest bearer of this name of whom we have cognizance. His son, together with some other members of the family,...
ABUDIENTE – Name of a Marano family living at Lisbon. Gideon Abudiente, about the end of the sixteenth century, is the earliest bearer of this name of whom we have cognizance. His son, together with some other members of the family,...