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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Meyer Kayserling,

(deceased), Late Rabbi, Budapest, Hungary.

Contributions:
ALBELDA – A Bible commentator (died 1549) who took his name from the town of Albelda, whence it is thought he or his ancestors must have come. About the beginning of the sixteenth century he settled at Salonica, Turkey, where he resided...
ALBELDA, MOSES BEN JACOB – Preacher and philosopher, grandson of the preceding; flourished in Turkey in the sixteenth century. He was a distinguished preacher, first at Valona, Turkey, and afterward at Salonica. After ten years of service in the community...
ALCALÁ DE GUADAIRA – A town seven miles east of Seville, Spain. At one time it had a small Jewish community, whose synagogue was razed by order of Archdeacon Ferrand Martinez, in December, 1390. Its members soon after were put to the sword. M....
ALCALÁ DE HENARES – A walled town in New Castile, Spain, situated on the right bank of the Henares, about seventeen miles from Madrid; birthplace of Cervantes (1547). In the Middle Ages its Jewish community was under the jurisdiction of the...
ALCALÁ LA REAL – A town in Jaen, Spain, which sheltered a few Jews in the Middle Ages, and was the birthplace of Alfonso de Alcalá, so prominent in the preparation of the Polyglot Bible. M. K.
ALCAÑIZ – A town in the province of Teruel, Aragon, Spain; situated sixty-three miles southeast of Saragossa. As early as the thirteenth century Jews were resident there. The grand master of the Order of Calatrava, to whom, in 1306, the...
ALCOLEA – City in the province of Jaen, Andalusia, the Jewish congregation of which, like many others of the country, enjoyed special privileges. According to the records of the congregation, a standing committee composed of twelve...
ALDEAS DE LOS JUDΊOS – The name given to the villages Aznalfarache, Aznalcazar, and especially Paterna, situated in the neighborhood of Seville, presented by Alfonso X. (The Wise) of Castile, while still infante after the conquest of Seville (1248),...
ALFAHAN, DON ZULEMA (SOLOMON) – Spanish chief rabbi over the communities under the jurisdiction of the archiepiscopal see of Toledo. Don Pedro Tonorio, the archbishop, removed him from office for neglect of duty in the year 1388, and appointed in his place...
ALFAKAR – The name of one of the oldest Spanish-Jewish families, distinguished for its social position and scholarship; originally of Granada, and subsequently of Toledo. An Alfakar, who wrote a treatise "On Salvation," was a contemporary...
ALFAQUIN – A surname given in Spain generally to the physician, and also to the secretary and interpreter, of the king. In Spain, Portugal, and Provence it corresponds to the name "ḥakim," which is the Arabic for "physician" or "sage"...
ALFAQUIN, AARON – A physician at Pamplona, who received from Charles III. of Navarre in 1413 a monthly stipend of 9 florins, as a reward for certain successful cures and as an encouragement for the future.Bibliography: Jacobs, Sources, p. 114,...
ALFAQUIN, JOSEPH – A physician to Don Sancho of Navarre in the twelfth century, and colleague of Don Moses ben Samuel. In gratitude for his services, the king presented him with a portion of the revenues derived from the Jews of
ALFAQUIN, MOSSE (MOSES) – A physician of Perpignan; mentioned in 1377.Bibliography: Rev. Ét. Juives, xv. 37, xvi. 180.M. K.
ALFAQUIN, SAMUEL, OF PAMPLONA – A physician who, in 1379, treated an English knight, Sir Thomas Trivet, with such skill and success, that at the instance of the knight the King of Navarre presented him with a house in the Jewry of Pamplona (Jacobs, "Sources,"...
ALFAQUIN, SOLOMON – A physician to King Sancho the Wise of Navarre, who valued the former's art so highly that he presented him with seven acres of land and twelve diets of vineyards at Mosquera and Fontellas (two villages near Tudela), and granted...
ALGUADEZ – A Castilian court physician and chief rabbi of the fifteenth century; exact dates of birth and death unknown. He was presumably related to Don David Alguadez, a brother-in-law of the treasurer of Portugal, Don Juda, and to...
ALLARIZ – A Spanish town in the province of Orense, Galicia, in which, as in Coruña, Ferrol, and Pontevedra, there were Jews as early as the eleventh century. Upon a complaint by the prior of the monastery of Allariz, Isaac Ishmael, the...
ALLEGRI, ABRAHAM – A contemporary of Moses Benveniste; lived at Constantinople about the middle of the seventeenth century. He wrote a commentary on the "Sefer ha-Miẓwot" of Maimonides, in which he defended him against the attacks of Naḥmanides....
ALMAZAN (ALMAÇAN), MIGUEL DE – A Marano of Saragossa, and private secretary to King Ferdinand of Aragon. He was burned at the stake on the accusation of being an adherent of Judaism. One month later, March 18, 1486, Manuel de Almaçan of Saragossa suffered the...
ALMAZAN, PEDRO DE – One of the conspirators against the inquisitor Pedro d'Arbuez. He escaped death by flight, but his wife Isabella, together with his brothers, Pedro junior and Manuel, were burned at the stake at Saragossa, January 25, 1487,...
ALMILIBY, ADAM – A Portuguese Jew who, together with Isaac Belamy, was appointed a farmer of the royal taxes in 1353 by King Alfonso IV. By virtue of this office both were exempted from wearing the Jew-badge, and were endowed with power to...
ALMOLI, ALMULI – A Spanish-Jewish family name derived from the Arabic al-mu'alli ("the one who raises up"). In addition to those referred to in the following articles two other members of the family are known. A Salomon Almuli is mentioned in a...
ALNAHARWANAI – A Hebrew scholar of the gaonic period; probably of Nehardea. He is the author of a rimed alphabetical treatise in Hebrew on the Jewish calendar, printed in "Kerem Ḥemed," part ix. This poem is interesting for the light it throws...
ALONZO DE CARTAGENA – Marano; born in Burgos, Spain, in 1385. Alonzo, together with his father, Salomon ha-Levi, or Paul de Burgos, and his brothers and sisters, was baptized in 1391. Having devoted himself to the study of philosophy and the Law,...