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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Meyer Kayserling,

(deceased), Late Rabbi, Budapest, Hungary.

Contributions:
BAḤIEL – A physician of the thirteenth century. He was court physician to King James I. of Aragon, and in that capacity was present at the conquest of Majorca, where he rendered valuable service as interpreter between the Arabic-speaking...
BALEARIC ISLES – Early History. A group of islands in the Mediterranean, belonging to Spain, situated to the east of Valencia, the three principal of which are named Majorca (Spanish, Mallorca), Minorca (Menorca), and Iviça or Iviza (Ibiza). The...
BARASSA, DIEGO – Spanish physician and Marano, who openly avowed himself a Jew at Amsterdam about 1640. He was conversant with astronomy, medicine, and botany, and was acquainted with Arabic and Syriac. Manasseh b. Israel dedicated to him the...
BARBASTRO, BARBASTE – A city of Aragon, containing a Jewish community with special privileges that were confirmed by successive kings from time to time (as late as 1336). In 1257, this community was so poor that the king found it necessary to reduce...
BARCELONA – Capital of Catalonia, Spain; much praised by Jewish travelers and poets for its beauty and its picturesque situation; was inhabited by Jews as early as the ninth century. According to tradition, the Jews dwelling there assisted...
BARRIENTOS, ISAAC – Author; otherwise unknown, but certainly not the same as Daniel Levi de Barrios; is the author of "Theologia Natural Contra los Atheos, Epicureos, y Sectarios del Tiempo," The Hague, 1725.Bibliography: Kayserling, Biblioteca...
BARRIOS, DANIEL LEVI (MIGUEL) DE – Emigrates to the West Indies. Spanish poet and historian; born 1625 at Montilla, Spain; died Feb., 1701, at Amsterdam. He was the son of a Marano, Simon de Barrios—who also called himself Jacob Levi Caniso—and Sarah Valle. His...
BARRIOS, SIMON LEVI DE – Son of Daniel Levi de Barrios; born March 17, 1665, at Amsterdam; died May 16, 1688, at Barbados. Member of Eẓ Ḥayyim and of several poetical academies of Amsterdam.Bibliography: Kayserling, Biblioteca Españ.-Portug.-Jud. p. 26;...
BARROCAS, MORDECAI – A Marano, physician, and poet. In Holland, at an advanced age, he openly returned to Judaism about the year 1605; and in celebration of his initiation he composed some tercets in Spanish. Tamar Barrocas, a Marano-Jewess,...
BASEL – In the Thirteenth Century. Capital of the canton of Basel-Stadt, Switzerland, bordering on the grand duchy of Baden and on Alsace. Owing to its flourishing trade, it was inhabited by Jews as early as the middle of the thirteenth...
BASEL-LAND – A canton of Switzerland. It did not admit the French Jews, who had bought property in Liestal, the capital of the canton, notwithstanding the treaties existing between Switzerland and France. Jews have only recently resided in...
BASQUE PROVINCES – In the Thirteenth Century. A district of Spain, including Guipuzcoa, Biscay, and Alava, extending along both sides of the Pyrenees, where the Basques or Vasconians lived. Under an old fuero, or ordinance, Jews were never allowed...
BASURTO, DIEGO ENRIQUEZ – Marano poet of the seventeenth century; born in Spain. Like his father—the poet Antonio Enriquez Gomez—he resided several years at Rouen, and finally settled in Holland. The following curious description of him is given by the...
BEBRI, MOSES BEN JUDAH – Ambassador from the sultan Mohammed IV. to King Charles XI. of Sweden; died May 29, 1673, at Amsterdam, where he was buried with great honors. His son, Judah Berbi, succeeded him as ambassador, and returned from Amsterdam to...
BEJA – City in Portugal that had, next to Santarem, the oldest Jewish community in Portugal. In a foro (charter) granted to the city of Beja toward the end of the twelfth century, it was enacted that every Jew passing through the town...
BELAIS – Rabbi and poet; born in Tunis 18th of Ab, 1773; died in London 1853. An eccentric personality, he had a curious career. First rabbi in Tunis and treasurer to the Bey, being pressed by his creditors, he left his home and went to...
BELIAS (BELIASH) – Envoy from Morocco in 1608. He delivered to Maurice of Nassau, governor-general of the Netherlands, credentials from Muley Zaidan, sherif of Morocco, testifying Belias to be "ministrum Regiæ nostræ sublimis, qui negotiis ejus...
BELILHOS, DANIEL – Preacher and teacher at Amsterdam. He had a thorough knowledge of Biblical and rabbinical literature, was a facile Hebrew poet, taught the third class of the Talmud Torah, and officiated as preacher of the charitable societies...
BELILHOS, JACOB – Relative of Daniel Belilhos; rabbi at Venice about 1680. He wrote "Binyan Ne'arim" (Edification of Youth) in refutation of Samuel Aboab; it was, however, never published.Bibliography: Nepi-Ghirondi, Toledot Gedole Yisrael, p....
BELLCAYRE – City in Catalonia, Spain; had Jewish inhabitants in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. It was the birthplace of David of Bellcayre, the richest Jew of Barcelona, who owned in the ghetto of the latter city the finest...
BELORADO – A city in the Spanish province of Burgos, which had Jewish inhabitants as early as the end of the eleventh century. The fuero, or charter of the city, granted by Alonzo el Batallador in 1116, and confirmed two hundred years...
BELTRAN, DIEGO DE HIDALGO – Poet; Spanish Marano of the seventeenth century; son of a Jew from Murcia. He was noted as an editor and commentator of Spanish popular poetry. The following charming example of the redondilla (roundelay) is from his pen:"O...
BEN DURAND – Diplomat and intermediary between Abd-el-Kader and the French government; died at Algiers in September, 1839. Clauzel and Valée, French governors of Algeria, also availed themselves of his services.S. M. K.
BENCEMERO – Mediator, in 1526, between the Moors and the governor of Saffee and Azamor, employed by the Portuguese. He lived at Azamor on the west coast of Africa. Abraham Cazan (Ḥazan), the most prominent Jew of that city, was also...
BENCEMERO, ISAAC – Relative of Abraham Bencemero of Azamor, the deliverer of Nuno Fernandes d'Atayde, commander-in-chief of Saffee. When in 1511 this latter city was besieged and surrounded by an army of more than 100,000 men and Atayde was...