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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Cyrus Adler, Ph.D.

President of the American Jewish Historical Society; Former President of the Board of Directors of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America; Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C.

Contributions:
HART – Several families of this name, of Anglo-Jewish origin, settled early in the English possessions in America, including Canada.Isaac Hart: One of the earliest Jewish residents of Newport, R. I. He settled there as early as 1750,...
HART – Several families of this name, of Anglo-Jewish origin, settled early in the English possessions in America, including Canada.Isaac Hart: One of the earliest Jewish residents of Newport, R. I. He settled there as early as 1750,...
HART, EMANUEL B. – American congress-man; born in New York Oct. 29, 1809; died Aug. 29, 1897. When twenty years old he joined the volunteer fire department of New York, as a member of engine company No. 9, and continued in active service five...
HASSLER, SIMON – American musician; born in Bavaria July 25, 1832; died in Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 25, 1901; son of Henry Hassler, also a musician, who, with his family, emigrated to the United States in 1842. Simon received a sound musical...
HAUSER, CARL FRANKL – American humorist and writer; born Dec. 27, 1847, at Janoshaza, Hungary; received a rudimentary secular and Talmudic education at home. At Vienna, where he had engaged in business, he obtained a free scholarship at the Theater...
HAWAIIAN ISLANDS – Group of twelve islands in the North Pacific Ocean, eight of which are inhabited. They have a population of 154,000 (1902), of whom about 100 are Jews. As the territory of Hawaii the islands were annexed to the United States in...
HAYS – Family which emigrated from Holland in the first quarter of the eighteenth century and settled in and near New York city. Records exist of six brothers: (1) Jacob, (2) Judah, (3) Isaac, (4) Solomon, (5) Abraham, and (6) David,...
ḤAZZAN – Communal official. The word is probably borrowed from the Assyrian "ḥazanu," "ḥazannu" (overseer, director; see Delitzsch, "Assyrisches Handwörterbuch," p. 272a; connected with the Hebrew , meaning "vision"). "Ḥazanuti" (plural...
ḤAZZANUT – Originally, as in the Siddur of Saadia Gaon, the term was applied to the piyyuṭim which it was the function of the official then called "ḥazzan" to recite. But as the duties of this official spread to the intonation of the whole...
ḤEBRA ḲADDISHA – Name for a charitable society which cares for the sick, especially for the dying, and buries the dead. The name "ḥebra ḳaddisha" (holy society) seems to have been used originally for congregations and religious societies...
HEBREW EDUCATION SOCIETY OF PHILADELPHIA – Organized July 16, 1848, largely through the efforts of Isaac Leeser; one of the oldest societies of its kind in the United States.The charter granted by the Pennsylvania legislature April 7, 1849, authorized the establishment...
HEBREW SABBATH-SCHOOL UNION OF AMERICA – Organized at Cincinnati, Ohio, July, 1886. "to provide a uniform system for all Hebrew Sabbath-schools in the United States by promul-gating a uniform course of instruction and by training competent teachers." It was the first...
HEBREW UNION COLLEGE – Foundation. A rabbinical college founded by Dr. Isaac M. Wise at Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1875. In 1854 Dr. Wise had made an attempt to establish a similar institution under the name of the "Zion College Association." Failing, and...
HEBREW UNION COLLEGE – Foundation. A rabbinical college founded by Dr. Isaac M. Wise at Cincinnati, Ohio, in 1875. In 1854 Dr. Wise had made an attempt to establish a similar institution under the name of the "Zion College Association." Failing, and...
HECHT – Family, resident at Boston, Mass.Jacob H. Hecht: Born at Heinstadt, Germany, March 15, 1834; died Feb. 24, 1903. He went to America in 1848; resided in California from 1859 to 1869, when he removed to Boston, Mass. He married...
HEILPRIN, ANGELO – American naturalist, geologist, and traveler; son of Michael Heilprin; born March 31, 1853, at Sátoralja-Ujhely, Hungary. He was taken by his father to the United States in 1856. Some years later he returned to Europe, where he...
HEILPRIN, LOUIS – American encyclopedist; son of Michael Heilprin; born in Miskolcz, Hungary, July 2, 1851. He emigrated with his parents to the United States in 1856, and was educated privately. He contributed articles to the second edition of...
HEILPRIN, MICHAEL – Association with Kossuth. Polish-American scholar, author, and philanthropist; born in Piotrkow, Russian Poland, Feb. 23, 1823; died in Summit, N. J., May 10, 1888. He was the son of Phinehas Mendel Heilprin, and was brought up...
HEḲDESH – Hebrew name for an asylum or a hospital; found in many medieval Jewish documents (see Charity; Jew. Encyc. v. 71, s.v. Egypt; and comp. Bédarride, "Les Juifs en France," p. 137). Its origin goes back to pre-Christian times (see...
HELD, ANNA – French comedienne; born Sept. 19, 1880, in Paris; educated at Fontainebleau. Her début was made in "Miss Helyett" at the Folies Manguy, Paris, Sept. 19, 1895. Since then she has appeared in many plays, her most successful parts...
HEPNER, ADOLF – German-American journalist; born at Schmiegel, Posen, Nov. 24, 1846; educated at the gymnasium at Lissa, the rabbinical seminary at Breslau, and the universities of Breslau and Berlin.He became a socialist in 1868, and two years...
HESSBERG, ALBERT – American lawyer; born at Albany, N. Y., Dec. 13, 1856. He commenced the study of law there in the office of Rufus W. Peckham, associate justice of the United States Supreme Court, and ultimately became a partner, the firm...
HEYDENFELDT, SOLOMON – American jurist; born in Charleston, S. C., 1816; died at San Francisco Sept. 15, 1890. When twenty-one years old he left South Carolina for Alabama, where he was admitted to the bar and practised law for a number of years in...
HILLQUIT, MORRIS – American lawyer and socialist; born at Riga, Russia, Aug. 1, 1870, educated at the gymnasium of that town. He emigrated to the United States in 1887, studied law, and was admitted to the New York bar in 1893. In 1888 Hillquit...
HIRSCH, EMIL GUSTAV – American rabbi; professor of rabbinical literature and philosophy in the University of Chicago; born in the grand duchy of Luxemburg May 22, 1852; educated in the public schools of the duchy and in the University of...