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Cyrus Adler, Ph.D.

President of the American Jewish Historical Society; Former President of the Board of Directors of the Jewish Theological Seminary of America; Assistant Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D. C.

Contributions:
HIRSCH FUND, BARON DE – A fund of $2,400,000 for ameliorating the condition of certain Jewish immigrants to the United States. This fund was incorporated under the laws of the state of New York, Feb. 12, 1891, the trustees being M. S. Isaacs,...
HIRSCH, SAMUEL – American rabbi; born at Thalfang, near Treves, Rhenish Prussia, June 8, 1815; died in Chicago, Ill., May 14, 1889; educated at the universities of Bonn, Berlin, and Leipsic (Ph.D.). In 1838 he was appointed rabbi of the...
HIRSCH, SOLOMON – American merchant, diplomatist, and politician; son of Samson Hirsch and Ella Kuhn; born in Württemberg March 25, 1839. He went to the United States at the age of fifteen, and lived successively in the states of New York,...
HIRSCHFELDER, JOSEPH OAKLAND – American physician; born at Oakland, Cal., Sept. 8, 1854. He received his education at San Francisco, Cal., and at the universities at Würzburg, Berlin, Vienna, and Leipsic (M.D. 1876). Returning to America, he settled in San...
HÖCHHEIMER (HÖċHHEIM, HOCHHEIMER, HECHIM) – Bavarian family, named after its original home in Hochheim. The following are its more important members:Elias ben Ḥayyim Cohen Höchheimer: Astronomer of the eighteenth century; born in Hochheim; died in Amsterdam, whither he...
HÖCHHEIMER (HÖċHHEIM, HOCHHEIMER, HECHIM) – Bavarian family, named after its original home in Hochheim. The following are its more important members:Elias ben Ḥayyim Cohen Höchheimer: Astronomer of the eighteenth century; born in Hochheim; died in Amsterdam, whither he...
HOFFMAN, CHARLES ISAIAH – American editor and communal worker; born at Philadelphia, Pa., Jan. 3, 1864; educated at the University of Pennsylvania, at that of Cambridge, England, and at the Jewish Theological Seminary of America. Hoffman was the editor...
HOLLANDER, JACOB H. – Associate professor of political economy and head of the department of political economy in the Johns Hopkins University; born in Baltimore July 23, 1871. He was educated in the university to which he is attached (B.A. 1891;...
HOSHA'NA RABBAH – The popular name for the seventh day of the Feast of Booths (Sukkot); the day on which the exclamation "Hosha'na!" (save now!) is often repeated, while on the other days of the feast it is used but sparingly. While the name...
HOUSEMAN, JULIUS – American financier; born at Zeckendorf, Bavaria, Dec. 8, 1832; died at Grand Rapids, Mich., Feb. 8, 1892. He attended school up to the age of fifteen, and after two years' commercial study he sailed for America. After working as...
HOUSTON – Capital of Harris county, Texas; situated on the banks of Buffalo Bayou. It had a population in 1897 of 45,000, of whom about 1,200 were Jews. It has the oldest Jewish congregation in the state, the Congregation Beth Israel...
HÜBSCH, ADOLPH – American preacher; born at Liptó-Szent-Miklós, Hungary, Sept. 18, 1830; died in New York city Oct. 10, 1884. Hübsch was descended from the Jaffe family. At the age of ten he was sent to Budapest, where he attended the...
HYAMS, HENRY MICHAEL – American lawyer; born at Charleston, S. C., March 4, 1806, of English parents: died at New Orleans 1875; educated in Charleston and in New Orleans, to which latter city he went in 1828, together with Judah P. Benjamin, to whom...
HYNEMAN – American family of remote Spanish and modern German origin, the record of whose early history is fragmentary. The first authentic record of any member of it in the United States is the signature of Henry Hyneman to the oath of...
ILIOWIZI, HENRY – American rabbi and author; born in Choinick, in the government of Minsk, Russia, Jan. 2, 1850. His father was affiliated with the Ḥasidim. Iliowizi was educated at first in the local ḥeder, afterward at the yeshibah of Vietka,...
ILLINOIS – One of the Central States of the United States of America; admitted to the Union Dec. 3, 1818. The Jewish pioneer of Illinois prior to its admission as a state was John Hays. He was sheriff of St. Clair county 1798-1818, and was...
ILLOWY, BERNHARD – American rabbi; born at Kolin, Bohemia, 1814; died near Cincinnati, Ohio, June 22, 1871. He was descended from a family of Talmudists, his great-grandfather, Jacob Illowy, having been rabbi of Kolin. He studied in his native...
INDIANA – One of the Central States of the American Union; admitted 1816. The earliest Jewish congregation, the Achduth Vesholom congregation, was established at Fort Wayne in 1848. Fort Wayne now (1903) has a second congregation,...
IOWA – One of the north-central states of the American Union. A part of the Louisiana Purchase (1803), it was incorporated successively in the territories of Louisiana, Missouri, Michigan, and Wisconsin. In 1838 it was organized as the...
ISAACS, ABRAM SAMUEL – American rabbi, professor, and editor; born in New York city Aug. 30, 1852. He was educated at New York University (B.A. 1871, M.A. 1873, Ph.D. 1878) and at the University of Breslau. Isaacs held professorships of Hebrew and of...
ISAACS, JACOB – American inventor of the colonial and revolutionary period; died 1798. He was resident in Newport in 1755 ("Publications Am. Jew. Hist. Soc." v. 199), and on Feb. 17, 1758, he carried a law-case before the king in council,...
ISAACS, MYER SAMUEL – American lawyer; born in New York city May 8, 1841; educated at the University of New York. He was admitted to the bar of New York in 1862, and in 1880 became a judge of the Marine Court of New York. Isaacs has always been...
ISAACS, SAMUEL HILLEL – American calendarer; born 1825 at Raczek, Poland; educated under Judah Bacharach, Moses Leib of Kutna, and others; emigrated to New York on June 30, 1847. During 1886 and 1887 he was principal of the Talmud Torah in New York....
ISAACS, SAMUEL MYER – Rabbi and journalist; born at Leeuwarden, Holland, Jan. 4, 1804; died in New York city May 19, 1878. His father, on the approach of the French army of occupation, removed with his family to London. For a time Isaacs was...
ISRAEL, EDWARD – American arctic explorer; born July 1, 1859, at Kalamazoo, Mich.; died May 27, 1884; educated at the University of Ann Arbor, Mich. He joined the Signal Corps of the United States Army and became a sergeant. In 1881 Israel...