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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Alfred Feilchenfeld, Ph.D.

Principal of the Realschule, Fürth, Bavaria, Germany.

Contributions:
ABENSUR, DANIEL – A Portuguese Jew, who died in Hamburg in 1711. At one time he advanced a considerable sum of money to the Polish Crown, and later became minister resident of the King ofPoland, at Hamburg. He was buried in the cemetery of the...
ABENSUR, JACOB – Probably a son of Daniel Abensur; was also Polish minister resident at Hamburg, after 1695. By instituting private religious services in his own house, in 1701, he caused a division in the Portuguese congregation, in respect to...
ALTONA – City and port, situated on the Elbe, adjoining Hamburg, in Holstein, which was formerly a Danish duchy, but is now a part of the province of Sleswick-Holstein, Prussia. The Jewish community of this city was founded, under the...
BAIERSDORF, SAMSON BEN MANASSE – Court Jew of the margrave Christian Ernst of Brandenburg-Bayreuth; died in 1712. He was highly esteemed at the court of the margrave, at the same time using his influence for the good of his coreligionists. It was chiefly...
BASAN, JACOB BEN ABRAHAM – akam of the Portuguese community of Hamburg. In 1755 he published a prayer for a fast-day by the Portuguese congregation, proclaimed on the occasion of the great earthquake in Lisbon.D. A. Fe.
BERNAYS, ISAAC – Chief rabbi in Hamburg; born 1792 at Mayence; died May 1, 1849, in Hamburg. After having finished his studies at the University of Würzburg, in which city he had been also a disciple of the wellknown Talmudist R. Abraham Bing,...
CASSUTO, JUDAH – azan of the Portuguese-Jewish community of Hamburg; born in Amsterdam 1808; died at Hamburg March 10, 1893. In 1827 he was elected ḥazan of the Portuguese-Jewish community, a post which he held until his death. Cassuto was not...
DENIS (DIONIS), ALBERTUS – One of the first members of the Portuguese community in Hamburg. On May 31, 1611, he with two others signed the agreement which assured to the community its cemetery in Altona. In 1612 he was with othersformally admitted to the...
FRÄNKEL, ELKAN – Court Jew (1703-12) to the margrave William Frederic of Brandenburg-Ansbach; died in the state prison of Wülzburg, near Weissenburg on the Sand, in 1720. His family was among the exiles of Vienna in 1670, his father being R....
FRÄNKEL, GABRIEL – Court Jew of the margraves of Ansbach about 1700. He was very influential at court, and highly esteemed by the Jews of the margravate. He maintained his prominent position until his death. In reward of his faithful services all...
FRÄNKEL, HIRSCH – Chief rabbi in the margravate of Ausbach, with residence at Schwabach, 1709-13; died in prison 1723. He was a brother of Elkan Fränkel, and was accused with him of possessing blasphemous and superstitious books. After a...
HAMBURG – German city on the right bank of the Elbe, between Sleswick-Holstein and Hanover. The first Jewish settlers were Portuguese Maranos, who had fled from their own country under Philip II. and Philip III., at first concealing their...
HAMELN, GLÜCKEL OF (Glückel von Hameln) – German diarist; born about 1646 in Hamburg; died 1724 at Metz. In 1649, when the German Jews were expelled from Hamburg, Glückel's parents moved to Altona; but in consequence of the Swedish invasion of that city in 1657 they...
JOSEL (JOSELMANN, JOSELIN) OF ROSHEIM (JOSEPH BEN GERSHON LOANZ) – The great advocate ("shtadlan") of the German Jews during the reigns of the emperors Maximilian I. and Charles V.; born about 1480; died March, 1554, at Rosheim, Alsace.While still young he worked for the welfare of his...
KARGAU, MENDEL – German Talmudist; born 1772 at Prostibor, Bohemia; died 1842 at Fürth. He was a disciple of Ezekiel Landau in Prague and of Phinehas Horwitz in Frankfort-on-the-Main. He lived for some years in Paris, where he was in business as...
KUH, EPHRAIM MOSES – German poet; born 1731 in Breslau; died there April 3, 1790. His parents had chosen for him the career of a student of the Talmud; but his faith had been shaken by the influence of a skeptic teacher, and he preferred to enter...
MODEL, MARX – Court Jew to Margrave William Frederick of Brandenburg-Ansbach (1703-1723) From 1691 Model and his family were exempt from the payment of duties on the goods which they imported, and in the same year were given the privilege of...
OSER, BARUCH – German ab bet din; born about 1743 at Prague; died 1822 at Hamburg. From 1783 to 1814 he was dayyan in the latter city, and in Jan., 1814, he became president of its rabbinate, at the time when the town was occupied and was...
WANDSBECK – Town in Sleswick-Holstein, near Hamburg. About the year 1600 Count Breido Rantzau, owner of the estate of Wandsbeck, allowed Jews to settle there in consideration of a small yearly payment for protection. Many Jews availed...