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A. Peiginsky, Ph.D.

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BRODA, ABRAHAM BEN SAUL – Bohemian Talmudist; born about 1640 at Bunzlau; died April 11, 1717, at Frankfort-on-the-Main. Saul Broda sent his son to Cracow to pursue his Talmudic studies with Rabbi Isaac ben Ze'eb Ḥarif of that city, in order to withdraw...
BUCZACZ, ABRAHAM DAVID B. ASHER ANSHEL – Galician Talmudist; born 1770 at Nadworna; died 1840 at Buczacz. Even as a boy he attracted, by his acuteness in Talmudic knowledge, the attention of the leading Talmudists to such a degree that Ẓebi Hirsch, the author of "Neṭa'...
CHASEISCH, MOSES – German Talmudist; died at Halberstadt in 1793. Chaseisch enjoyed an established reputation among his contemporaries as a Talmudist, and was loved and honored by them on account of his modesty. Although his Talmudic attainments...
CRESCAS, (DON) VIDAL, OF PERPIGNAN – French Talmudist; flourished in the first half of the fourteenth century. He was probably a native of Spain, going to Perpignan shortly before the outbreak of the Maimonides controversy. His position in this
EGER – A family established for a long time at Halberstadt, Germany. It appears to have been originally known by the name of "Gins" or "Ginsmann," by which appellation the first two definitely authenticated members, Mayer and David,...
EGER – A family established for a long time at Halberstadt, Germany. It appears to have been originally known by the name of "Gins" or "Ginsmann," by which appellation the first two definitely authenticated members, Mayer and David,...
ELEAZAR LASI BEN JOSEPH – German Talmudist; born in Berlin Sept. 24, 1740; died at Hamburg Jan. 22, 1814. He studied under Tebele Scheuer, rabbi of Bamberg, and later in the yeshibah of Schwersenz under R. Gedaliah. After his marriage he settled at...
ELEAZAR BEN SAMUEL OF METZ – French tosafist; died 1198. He was a pupil of R. Tam, and is often quoted in tosafot—sometimes as "RAM," sometimes as "R. Eleazar." He wrote commentaries on Nedarim, Berakot, and Ḥullin, the last two of which Azulai saw in...
ELIAKIM (GÖTZ) BEN MEÏR – Polish Talmudist; flourished in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries. In his youth, at Posen, he devoted himselfto the study of the Talmud, afterward accepting the position of rabbi in the neighboring community of...
ELIEZER OF BOURGOGNE – French Talmudist of the thirteenth century. Gross identifies him with Eliezer ben Aaron of Bourgogne, one of the six rabbis to whom Meïr Abulafia sent his letter on the doctrine of the resurrection. Eliezer was the author of a...
ELIEZER BEN JOSEPH OF CHINON – French Talmudist; born about 1255; martyred on the Jewish New-Year, Sept. 25, 1321; a pupil of Perez ben Elijah of Corbeil, whose sister he married. Estori Farḥi, Eliezer's pupil, in his "Kaftor wa-Feraḥ" mentions a work by his...
ELIEZER BEN SAMUEL OF VERONA – Italian tosafist; lived about the beginning of the thirteenth century. He was a disciple of Rabbi Isaac the elder, of Dampierre, and grandfather of the philosopher and physician Hillel of Forli. He had sanctioned the second...
ELIEZER OF TOULOUSE – French tosafist; died about 1234. In his youth Eliezer was a tutor in the house of the wealthy scholar Hezekiah ben Reuben of Boppard. His tosafot on Beẓah are quoted by Zedekiah Anaw in his "Shibbole ha-Leḳeṭ,"and other...
ELIJAH BEN ISAAC OF CARCASSONNE – French Talmudist; flourished in the first half of the thirteenth century; progenitor of the De Latas, or Lattes, family. He took the name of the city in which he was living, his son Jacob afterward adopting the name of "Lattes."...
ELIJAH BEN JUDAH OF PARIS – French Talmudist of the twelfth century, often quoted by later Talmudists as an important authority. He became well known through his controversy with R. Tam as to whether the tefillin-knot should be renewed every day. A legend...
ENOCH BEN JUDAH LÖB – German Talmudist and rabbi of Schnaittach; flourished at the beginning of the eighteenth century. He studied with his father and with Rabbi Abraham Broda. His writings are included with those of his father and grandfather in...
EPHRAIM BEN JACOB HA-KOHEN – Lithuanian Talmudist; born at Wilna 1616; died June 3, 1678, at Ofen, Hungary. Driven by the Chmielnicki persecutions from his native city, where he was dayyan, he went to Moravia. He filled the office of rabbi, first at...
FERRARA, MOSES BEN MEÏR – Italian tosafist of the thirteenth century. He was a contemporary of Eleazar ben Samuel and of Isaiah ben Mali. No details of his life are known. He is quoted three times as a tosafist in "Haggahot Maimuni" ("Tefillah," ch. xi.;...
FRÄNKEL, SECKEL ISAAC – German banker; born at Parchim, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Jan. 14, 1765; died at Hamburg June 4, 1835.He acquired by private study not only a high degree of general culture, but also a thorough knowledge of nine languages, ancient...
ḤAYYIM BEN BEZALEEL – German Talmudist; died at Friedberg on the Shabu'ot festival, 1588. He was the eldest of the four sons of Bezaleel ben Ḥayyim, and spent his youth at Posen, the native city of the family. (comp. "Monatsschrift," xiii. 371). He...
HILLEL BEN SAMUEL – Italian physician, philosopher, and Talmudist; born about 1220; died about 1295. He was the grandson of the Talmudic scholar Eleazar ben Samuel of Verona. He spent his youth at Barcelona, where he studied the Talmud and natural...
ḤIYYA, MEÏR BEN DAVID – Italian Talmudist of the sixteenth century. He was dayyan of Venice 1510-20, during the rabbinate of Benedet ben Eliezer Acsildor, who esteemed him highly. Like Benedet, he took part in the dispute between Jacob Polak and...
HLADIK, ABRAHAM – Bohemian Talmudist; flourished about 1230. The name indicates a Czech origin, an assumption supported by the fact that in his commentary on the seliḥot he often explains Hebrew by means of Bohemian words. He seems, however, to...
ISAAC BEN ISAAC – French tosafist of the second half of the thirteenth century; mentioned in Tos. Naz. 16b; identical, according to Gross and Zunz, with Isaac of Chinon, whose glosses are found in Shiṭṭah Meḳubbeẓet to Naz. 63a. He is also...
ISAAC HA-KOHEN OF MANOSQUE – French Talmudist of the first half of the fourteenth century; rabbi at Manosque, in the department of Basses-Alpes. He is praised as a great Talmudist by his contemporaries, although he does not seem to have written anything. He...