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A. Peiginsky, Ph.D.

New York City.

Contributions:
MARGOLIOTH – Polish family of Talmudic scholars that traces its descent from Rashi, on the one side, and from the families of Shor and Samuel Edels on the other. The first Margolioth known was Samuel, dayyan at Posen about 1550; one of his...
MEÏR OF CLISSON – French Talmudist of the first half of the thirteenth century. He is mentioned in an extract from "Pa'neaḥ Raza" (MS. Halberstam) on Gen. ii. 23 as a Bible commentator. Gross takes him to be identical with Meïr ben Baruch, who...
MERODACH-BALADAN – King of Babylon (712 B.C.), who sent letters and a present to Hezekiah, King of Judah, when the latter had recovered from his sickness. Hezekiah, delighted with the courtesy, shows the messengers all his treasures, withholding...
MERWAN HA-LEVI – French philanthropist of the second half of the eleventh century; one of the most prominent Jews of Narbonne, who devoted his time and fortune to that community. It seems that he was also in favor with the government, being thus...
MESHULLAM BEN JACOB OF LUNEL – French Talmudist; died at Lunel in 1170. He directed a Talmudic school which produced several famous men, and was an intimate friend of Abraham b. Isaac, ab bet din of Narbonne, who addressed to him several responsa, and spoke...
MESHULLAM BEN JOEL HA-KOHEN – Galician Talmudist; died at Lemberg Sept. 25, 1809. At first rabbi at Zurawno (Galicia), he was called to Koretz to succeed his brother Isaac; he then went to Bolechow, and finally to Lemberg. Meshullam's Talmudic attainments...
MORDECAI ASTRUC – French liturgical poet; lived at Carpentras about the end of the seventeenth century. He was the author of several liturgical poems printed in "Seder ha-Tamid," a collection of prayers used at Carpentras, Isle, Avignon, and...
MORDECAI B. ISAAC OF CARPENTRAS – French Talmudist; flourished in the thirteenth and fourteenth centuries. Mordecai lived in Carpentras (department of Vaucluse) at the time of the religious struggles (1303-6), and corresponded with Abba Mari of Lunel, who speaks...
MORDECAI BEN JOSEPH OF AVIGNON – Provençal Talmudist; flourished in the middle of the thirteenth century; a contemporary of the Dominican Pablo Christiani, a former pupil of Eliezer of Tarascon. Mordecai, as the most prominent Jew in Provence, suffered the most...
MOSES BEN JOSEPH BEN MERWAN HA-LEVI – French Talmudist; flourished about the middle of the twelfth century. He was a nephew and pupil of Isaac ben Merwan ha-Levi, and a prominent Talmudist and rabbi; his colleagues addressed him as "Great scholar, Nasi R. Moses,"...
MOSES HA-KOHEN OF LUNEL – French Talmudist; flourished about 1200. Moses was one of the rabbis who criticized Maimonides' writings. He wrote a series of strictures on the "Mishneh Torah," which are preserved in the Bodleian Library (MS. No. 617). Simon...
NAḤMAN BEN ḤAYYIM HA-KOHEN – French tosafist; flourished toward the end of the twelfth century. As Gross concludes from "Kol Bo" (ed. Venice, 1562), No. 101, Naḥman was the son of Ḥayyim ben Hananeel ha-Kohen. He was the author of "Sefer Naḥmani," which...
NATHANAEL OF CHINON – French tosafist; flourished about 1220. He was a disciple of Isaac ben Samuel of Dampierre. After 1224 Nathanael was director of the yeshibah in Chinon and was in correspondence with the most famous and learned of his...
NEUMARK, MIRELS (Meshullam Zalman ben Jacob David) – German Talmudist; father of Ẓebi Ashkenazi; died at Hamburg Nov. 28, 1706. Meshullam Zalman was one of the most respected members of the ghetto of Vienna. When the Jews were expelled from that city he went with his family to...
PIZZIGHETTONE, DAVID BEN ELIE-ZER HA-LEVI – Italian Talmudist and physician; flourished in the first half of the sixteenth century. As physician he was active in. Cremona; as editor, in Venice. In the latter city he was employed in the Bomberg printing establishment, and...
REUBEN BEN ḤAYYIM – Provençal Talmudist; flourished about the middle of the thirteenth century; brother of the liturgical poet Abraham benḤayyim. Reuben, who lived at Narbonne, was a pupil of Isaac ha-Kohen of that city, and teacher of Menahem...
SAMUEL BEN DAVID MOSES HA-LEVI OF MESERITZ – Polish Talmudist; born about 1625; died April 24, 1681, at Kleinsteinbach, Bavaria. As a wandering scholar he is found for a time at Meseritz and then at Halberstadt. In 1660 he was rabbi of Bamberg, with his residence at...
SAMUEL OF ESCALETA – French Talmudist, poet, and philanthropist of the fourteenth century. Jacob of Provence considers him one of the first poets of Provence. His piety, learning, and generosity also were praised by his contemporaries. At first he...
SAMUEL BEN JACOB OF TROYES – French Talmudist of the first half of the thirteenth century, a descendant of Rashi. In his youth he addressed a circular letter, probably cabalistic in nature, to the Provençal Asher ben David, to which the latter alludes in...
SAMUEL BEN REUBEN OF BÉZIERS – French Talmudist; flourished at the beginning of the fourteenth century. He was one of Solomon ben Adret's numerous correspondents during the religious controversy of 1303-6. He addressed a rimed epistle to Adret, in which he...
SAMUEL BEN REUBEN OF CHARTRES – French liturgical poet. He wrote a "reshut" in Aramaic which was recited with the Targum of the hafṭarah for the Feast of Weeks, and which consisted of sixty half-lines riming with . The reshut is signed "Samuel ha-Ketabi."...
SCHEUER, JACOB MOSES DAVID (TEBELE) B. MICHAEL – German Talmudist; born in the beginning of the eighteenth century at Frankfort-on-the-Main; died 1782 at Mayence. Scheuer came of one of the old Frankfort families which adopted as family names those by which the houses they...
SIMMLEIN OF HALBERSTADT – German Talmudist; rabbi at Halberstadt from 1620 to 1650. The period of his activity was practically coextensive with that of the Thirty Years' war, which was especially disastrous to the Jews. At Halberstadt,where the war...
SOLOMON BEN ABRAHAM BEN SAMUEL – French Talmudist of the first half of the thirteenth century. He was rabbi at Montpellier, and leader of the movement against Maimonides. When Ibn Tibbon's translation of the "Moreh Nebukim" became known in southern France, it...
SOLOMON BEN ISAAC OF ORLEANS – French tosafist of the twelfth century; elder colleague of the tosafist Joseph ben Isaac of Orleans, together with whom he signed responsa ("Sefer ha-Yashar," pp.70-71, Vienna, 1810). Eliezer ben Joel ha-Levi, who quotes a...