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Emil G. Hirsch, Ph.D., LL.D.

Rabbi, Sinai Congregation; Professor of Rabbinical Literature and Philosophy, University of Chicago; Chicago, Ill.

Contributions:
ZEPHANIAH – One of the twelve Minor Prophets who describes himself as "the son of Cushi, the son of Gedaliah, the son of Amariah, the son of Hezekiah, in the days of Josiah, the son of Amon, King of Judah" (Zeph. i. 1). He seems, therefore,...
ZERUBBABEL – Son of Shealtiel (Ezra iii. 2, 8; Hag. i. 1; "Pedaiah" in I Chron. iii. 19 is probably a scribal error) and grandson of Jehoiachin. The name is either the Hebrew (= "begotten of [in] Babylon"), although compounds with the...
ZIMRI – 1. Son of Zerah and grandson of Judah (I Chron. ii. 6), identical with Zabdi (Jos. vii. 1).2. Son of Salu, a prince of the Simeonites. In the wilderness the Israelites were smitten at Shittim for worshiping Baal-peor, and while...
ZIN – Frontier post of Judah on the south, mentioned in the description (Num. xxxiv. 4; Josh. xv. 3) of the frontier between the "ascent of Akrabbim" and Kadesh-barnea. The desert of Zin derived its name from this place. Kadesh-barnea...
ZIPPOR – Father of Balak, King of Moab, who hired Balaam to curse Israel. All the passages which mention Zippor name him together with his son Balak (Num. xxii. 2, 4, 10, 16; xxiii. 18; Josh. xxiv. 9; Judges xi. 25). An allusion to him...
ZOAN – An important Egyptian city of great antiquity, almost as old as Hebron (Num. xiii. 22). The "princes of Zoan" are ranked in Isa. xix. 11, 13 with those of Noph (Memphis), and the city itself is mentioned in Ezek. xxx. 14...
ZUNZ, LEOPOLD – Founder of the modern "science of Judaism" and pioneer in the history of Jewish literature, religious poetry, and the ritual of the synagogue; born at Detmold Aug. 10, 1794; died at Berlin March 18, 1886. The genealogy of his...
ZURISHADDAI – The father of Shelumiel, a chief of the tribe of Simeon, who was chosen to aid Moses in numbering the people (Num. i. 6; ii. 12; vii. 36, 41; x. 19).E. G. H. B. P.
ZUZIM – Name of an ancient people mentioned in Gen. xiv. 5 as residing in Ham, the territory east of the Jordan, and as having been smitten by Chedorlaomer. The narrator must have supposed that the Zuzim were well known, for he prefixes...