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Richard Gottheil, Ph.D.

Professor of Semitic Languages, Columbia University, New York; Chief of the Oriental Department, New York Public Library; New York City.

Contributions:
BARCELONA – Capital of Catalonia, Spain; much praised by Jewish travelers and poets for its beauty and its picturesque situation; was inhabited by Jews as early as the ninth century. According to tradition, the Jews dwelling there assisted...
BARFAT – Name used by Jews in Provence and northern Spain; e.g., = "Barfat certifies as witness," found in an agreement between Pedro II. of Aragon and the Knights of St. Jean (MS. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale); "Niçak Barfat"...
BARFAT – Name used by Jews in Provence and northern Spain; e.g., = "Barfat certifies as witness," found in an agreement between Pedro II. of Aragon and the Knights of St. Jean (MS. Paris, Bibliothèque Nationale); "Niçak Barfat"...
BARGAS, ABRAHAM DE – Translator into Ladino of the prayers composed by Malachi ben Jacob on the occasion of the earthquake at Leghorn, in January, 1742, under the title "Traduccion de la Oracion del Ajuno de los Temblores de Tierra que en Ladino...
BARI – Seaport town in Apulia, Italy, on the Adriatic; capital of the district of the same name. As the center of an extended trade with Triest, Corfu, Messina, and the Orient, Bari was at all times a place of importance; information,...
BARḲI – Writer; flourished in the seventeenth century at Salonica. He was, according to Azulai, a pupil of Ḥayyim Shabbethai (died 1647), otherwise called . Of his literary activity little is known. There is a decision of his published...
BARLAAM AND JOSAPHAT – A romantic tale under this title, giving extracts from the life of Buddha and some of his parables in Christian form, which has led to the adoption of the two titular heroes, as unofficial saints, into the calendar of the...
BARNACLE-GOOSE – Early Belief in the Myth. A curious notion prevailed in the Middle Ages, that this bird (Branta leucopsis) was generated from the barnacle, a shell-fish growing on a flexible stem, and adhering to loose timber, bottoms of ships,...
BARRIOS, DANIEL LEVI (MIGUEL) DE – Emigrates to the West Indies. Spanish poet and historian; born 1625 at Montilla, Spain; died Feb., 1701, at Amsterdam. He was the son of a Marano, Simon de Barrios—who also called himself Jacob Levi Caniso—and Sarah Valle. His...
BARRIOS, SIMON LEVI DE – Son of Daniel Levi de Barrios; born March 17, 1665, at Amsterdam; died May 16, 1688, at Barbados. Member of Eẓ Ḥayyim and of several poetical academies of Amsterdam.Bibliography: Kayserling, Biblioteca Españ.-Portug.-Jud. p. 26;...
BARROCAS, MORDECAI – A Marano, physician, and poet. In Holland, at an advanced age, he openly returned to Judaism about the year 1605; and in celebration of his initiation he composed some tercets in Spanish. Tamar Barrocas, a Marano-Jewess,...
BARRUCHIUS (BARUCH?), VALENTINUS – Spanish poet; lived probably in the twelfth century. He is said to have been a native of Toledo. He wrote in clear and ornate Latin the history of the Count Lyonnais (Palanus)—an old romantic legend recounted by early Catalonian...
BARTOLOCCI, GIULIO – Giulio Bartlocci.(From Bartolecci, "Bibliotheca Rabbinica.")Italian student of Jewish literature;. born at Celleno April 1, 1613; died Oct. 19, 1687. He was a pupil of a baptized Jew, Giovanni Battista, who instructed him in...
BARTOLOCCI, GIULIO – Giulio Bartlocci.(From Bartolecci, "Bibliotheca Rabbinica.")Italian student of Jewish literature;. born at Celleno April 1, 1613; died Oct. 19, 1687. He was a pupil of a baptized Jew, Giovanni Battista, who instructed him in...
BARUCH – 1. Son of Zabbai or Zaccai, who took part in strengthening the wall of Jerusalem in the time of Nehemiah (Neh. iii. 20).2. A priest who signed the covenant with Nehemiah (Neh. x. 7).3. A Judahite whose son Maaseiah was a...
BARUCH – A Jewish pioneer settler in Spain, whom the tradition of the Ibn Albaliahs regarded as the ancestor of their family. See Ibn Daud, "Sefer ha-Ḳabbalah," in Neubauer's "Medieval Jewish Chronicles," i. 74, and Albalia.G. H. G....
BARUCH OF BENEVENTO – Cabalist in Naples during the first half of the sixteenth century. He was the teacher of Cardinal Ægidius of Viterbo and of Johann Albrecht Widmanstadt in the Zohar and other cabalistic works, and lectured upon these subjects in...
BARUCH DE DIGNE – Rabbi of central France toward the end of the thirteenth and the beginning of the fourteenth century; surnamed "Ha-Gadol" (the Great) in the responsa of Isaac b. Immanuel de Lattes. His first studies were made in Provence. An...
BARUCH BEN GERSHON OF AREZZO – Italian writer; lived in the seventeenth century. He was the author of "Zikkaron li-Bene Yisrael" (Memorial for the Children of Israel), containing a short account (in the Almanzi manuscript, four small folios) of the agitation...
BARUCH, JACOB [KOHEN-ẒEDEḲ] BEN MOSES ḤAYYIM – Editor at Leghorn during the latter part of the eighteenth century. He is known especially as the compiler and editor of a little volume, "Shibḥe Yerushalayim" (Praises of Jerusalem) or "Shabbeḥi Yerushalayim" (Praise Ye, O...
BARUCH B. SAMUEL – Rabbi of the Ashkenazim at Constantinople or in its neighborhood, in the last half of the sixteenth century. He is mentioned in the responsa "Ohole Tam" of Tam ben Yahya, with whom he carried on a learned correspondence (ib....
BARUCH B. SAMUEL ZANWILL HA-LEVI – An Austrian rabbi of the eighteenth century; born at Leipnik, Moravia; officiated at Semlin, Croatia. He was the author of "Zera' Shemuel" (Samuel's Seed), containing novellæ on the treatise Ketubot, Vienna, 1796. He also left,...
BASAN, ABRAHAM HEZEKIAH B. JACOB – Corrector of the press and author; lived in the second half of the eighteenth century at Amsterdam and Hamburg. He was at first corrector at Amsterdam, where he also wrote eulogiums and poems on some works printed there....
BASCHWITZ – A family of printers, of which the following were the most prominent members:1. Meïr Baschwitz: Born at Dyhernfurth; son of Ẓebi Hirsch ben Meïr (No. 2). In 1731-32 he worked in the establishment of Israel b. Abraham in...
BASHUYSEN, HEINRICH JACOB – Christian printer of Hebrew books and Orientalist; born at Hanau, Prussia, Oct. 26, 1679; died about 1750. He founded a printing-establishment in his native city between 1709 and 1712; and over 100 publications were issued from...