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Richard Gottheil, Ph.D.

Professor of Semitic Languages, Columbia University, New York; Chief of the Oriental Department, New York Public Library; New York City.

Contributions:
BASHYAZI, MOSES BEN ELIJAH – Karaite scholar; great-grandson of Elijah Bashyazi; born at Constantinople in 1537; died in 1555. When but sixteen years of age, he displayed a remarkable degree of learning and a profound knowledge of foreign languages. He...
BASILEA, BASILA, BASSOLA, BASOLA, BASLA – A family originally from Basel in Switzerland (whence the name), but resident in the north of Italy and in Palestine from the fifteenth to the eighteenth century.In 1489 Mordecai Ẓarfati (the Frenchman) ben Reuben Bassola...
BASILEA, BASILA, BASSOLA, BASOLA, BASLA – A family originally from Basel in Switzerland (whence the name), but resident in the north of Italy and in Palestine from the fifteenth to the eighteenth century.In 1489 Mordecai Ẓarfati (the Frenchman) ben Reuben Bassola...
BASQUE PROVINCES – In the Thirteenth Century. A district of Spain, including Guipuzcoa, Biscay, and Alava, extending along both sides of the Pyrenees, where the Basques or Vasconians lived. Under an old fuero, or ordinance, Jews were never allowed...
BASSANO – City in the province of Venice, Italy. Here, as in all the surrounding places, Jews were living at a very early period, engaged in commerce and industry, and especially in money-lending, as is shown by contemporary documents...
BASSEVI, HENDEL – Daughter of Ebert Geronim, and second wife of Jacob Bassevi, son of Abraham Bassevi and president of the congregation of Prague. She died in the summer of 1628. Her tomb is embellished with the family coat of arms—a blue lion...
BASSORA – City in a vilayet of the same name in Asiatic Turkey, about 54 miles from the Persian gulf and 1¼ miles west of the Shaṭṭ al-'Arab; founded by the Arabs in 636. Nothing is known of the early history of the Jews in this city, but...
BASSUS, LUCILIUS – Governor of Judea after the conquest of Jerusalem by Titus (70). He had formerly been prefect of the fleet at Ravenna, and took the oath of allegiance to Vitellius; but, dissatisfied with not having been promoted to the dignity...
BASURTO, DIEGO ENRIQUEZ – Marano poet of the seventeenth century; born in Spain. Like his father—the poet Antonio Enriquez Gomez—he resided several years at Rouen, and finally settled in Holland. The following curious description of him is given by the...
BAT-SHEBA – A family of printers, in the sixteenth and seventeenth centuries, whose name originates from the feminine name "Bath-sheba." The printer Mattathia Bat-Sheba, who died at Salonica toward the close of 1600, is the first known...
BATH-SHEBA – Biblical Data: The daughter of Eliam (II Sam. xi. 3; but of Ammiel according to I Chron. iii. 5), who became the wife of Uriah the Hittite, and afterward of David, by whom she became the mother of Solomon. Her father is...
BATHYRA – Fortress and city founded by Zamaris, a distinguished Jew of Babylon, who about the year 20 crossed the Euphrates with 500 mounted archers, and requested a dwelling-place from the Roman governor of Syria, Cn. Sentius Saturninus....
BAYREUTH – Had a Chief Rabbi in 1372. Principality and capital city of the government district of Oberfranken, Bavaria. Mention is first made of the Jews of Bayreuth in a document of the year 1343. In that year Kalman of Bayreuth is spoken...
BAZE, ABRAHAM DE – A prominent Jew in the principality of Orange, Burgundy, at the beginning of the sixteenth century. When the Jews were forced by a decree of Philibert of Luxemburg (issued at Courthezon April 20, 1505) to quit Orange, a period...
BEAUCAIRE – City in the department of Gard, France. A somewhat important Jewish community was founded here as early as the beginning of the twelfth century, whose members lived among the Christians and enjoyed the same rights and privileges...
BEAUCROISSANT – Community of the canton of Rives, arrondissement of St. Marcellin lsère, France, a locality inhabited by Jews in 1337.Bibliography: Revue des Etudes Juives, ix. 241.G. I. L.
BEBAI – 1. Name of a family, of whom, according to Ezra ii. 11 and I Esd. v. 13, 623 returned with Zerubbabel. According to Neh. vii. 16, their number was 628. Twenty-eight more came up with Ezra (Ezra viii. 11). Four of the Bene Bebai...
BECHER, SIEGFRIED – Austrian economist; born at Plany, Bohemia, Feb. 28, 1806; died at Vienna March 4, 1873. He studied at the universities of Prague and Vienna, receiving from the latter the degree of Ph.D. In 1831 he entered the state service; in...
BECK, MATTHEW FREDERICK – German Orientalist and divine; born May 22, 1649; died Feb. 2, 1701. He studied Oriental languages under Vossius in Jena, and settled as a preacher at Augsburg. He published a translation of the Targum on Chronicles, 1630-33,...
BEDERSI, ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC – Provençal poet; born at Béziers (whence his surname "Bedersi"—native of Béziers). The dates of his birth and death have not been ascertained. An elegy which he composed during his youth, upon the "Confiscation of the Books of...
BEDERSI, JEDAIAH BEN ABRAHAM – Poet, physician, and philosopher; born at Béziers (whence his surname Bedersi) about 1270; died about 1340. His Provençal name was En Bonet, which probably corresponds to the Hebrew name Tobiah (compare "Oheb Nashim" in the...
BEER, BENJAMIN BEN ELIJAH HA-ROFE – An Italian, doubtless an artist, who lived in Italy, probably at Ferrara, during the fifteenth century. On a bronze medal discovered at Lyons, France, in 1656, Beer's name appears in acrostic in the Hebrew legend encircling the...
BEHRENDS, LEFFMANN – LIEPMANN COHEN): Financial agent of the dukes and princes of Hanover; born about 1630; died at Hanover Jan. 1, 1714. His honorable position is lauded by Mannasseh b. Israel in his "Hope of Israel." Behrends frequently used his...
BEIRUT, SYRIA – City in Phenicia, at the mouth of the river of the same name, on the Mediterranean between Byblus and Sidon. In the El-Amarna texts (Winckler, "Altorientalische Forschungen," i. 309, 436; "Monatsschrift," 1898, xlii. 480) the...
BEIRUT, SYRIA – City in Phenicia, at the mouth of the river of the same name, on the Mediterranean between Byblus and Sidon. In the El-Amarna texts (Winckler, "Altorientalische Forschungen," i. 309, 436; "Monatsschrift," 1898, xlii. 480) the...