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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Goodman Lipkind, B.A.

Rabbi, New York City.

Contributions:
AZEVEDO, MOSES COHEN D' – Haham of London; son of Daniel Cohen d'Azevedo; born in Amsterdam about 1720; died in 1784. He succeeded, in 1761, Moses Gomez da Mesquitta, his father-in-law, as haham (Ḥakam) of the Spanish and Portuguese congregation of...
BAPUGEE, HASKEL (EZEKIEL) – One of the Beni Israelites of Bombay, subedar-major in the Indian native army; died Feb. 14, 1878, and was buried with military honors by special order of the officer commanding. He held the rank of sirdar bahadur of the 12th...
BARNETT, ARYEH LOEB – Dayyan in London; locally known as "Rabbi Aryeh Loeb"; born at Krotoschin, in the grand duchy of Posen, in 1797; died in London Feb. 10, 1878. For many years his father had been head of the "bet din" of his native place; and he...
BARNETT, MORRIS – Dramatist and actor; born in 1800; died at Montreal March 18, 1856. He was originally trained for the musical profession, but decided to become an actor. After a provincial tour he appeared in 1833 at Drury Lane Theater, London,...
BASEVI, GEORGE (JOSHUA) – Architect; born in London in 1794; died at Ely in 1845. He was the son of George Basevi, whose sister, Maria, had married Isaac Disraeli and was the mother of the earl of Beaconsfield. Educated at first by Dr. Burney at...
BEDDINGTON, ALFRED H. – English communal worker; born 1835; died in London Jan. 23, 1900. He was connected with the management of several Jewish institutions in London, and was intimately associated with the Central Synagogue, of which he and his...
BEDDINGTON, EDWARD HENRY – Euglish communal worker; born 1819; died Oct. 31, 1872 He was a member of the council of the United Synagogue and of the committees of several charitable and educational institutions. He rendered services to the community as...
BEDDINGTON, MAURICE – English communal worker; born in 1821; died at Carshalton Sept. 9, 1898. Throughout his life he was identified with most of the London communal institutions. He was one of the original members of the Board of Guardians and...
BEER, RACHEL – English journalist; daughter of Sassoon D. Sassoon. She was educated privately and spent two years in hospital training. SinceOct., 1893, she has managed and edited the "Sunday Times," of which she is proprietress. Mrs. Beer is...
BEHREND, HENRY – Physician and communal worker; born in Liverpool in 1828; died in London Nov. 28, 1893. After completing a brilliant academical career, he studied for the medical profession at University College Hospital, London, and continued...
BEHRENS, SIR JACOB – Municipal worker at Bradford, England; born at Pyrmont, Germany, Nov., 1806; died at Torquay April 22, 1889. His father, removing to Hamburg in 1815, became a successful merchant; and Jacob began his career by entering his...
BENEDICT, SIR JULIUS – Composer, conductor, and teacher of music; born at Stuttgart Nov. 27, 1804; died in London June 5, 1885. Showing considerable musical talent as a boy, he became, at the age of fifteen, the pupil of Hummel at Weimar, and was...
BENHAM, ARTHUR – Dramatic author; born 1875; died at Brighton, Eng., Sept. 8, 1895. He was a playwright of considerable promise, and was the author of two plays, "The County" and "The Awakening"—the latter produced for a short run at the...
BENISCH, ABRAHAM – Journalist and theologian; born at Drosau, a small town eight miles southwest of Klattau, Bohemia, in 1811; died at Hornsey Rise, a suburb of London, England, July 31, 1878. He studied surgery in Prague about 1836—while a...
BENJAMIN, SIR BENJAMIN – Mayor of Melbourne; born at London in 1836. At the age of nine he accompanied his parents to Victoria. Associating himself at first with the firm of Benjamin & Co., merchants, he subsequently entered into partnership with the...
BENJAMIN, DAVID – Communal worker; born in London in 1815; died there June 25, 1893. In 1835 he emigrated to Australia; and, while in Tasmania, assisted in founding a synagogue. Soon afterward he settled in Melbourne, joining his brother Solomon,...
BENJAMIN, MICHAEL HENRY – South African politician; born in London in 1822; died June 11, 1879.Early in life Benjamin went to Cape Colony (about the year 1849), and for ten years resided at Graaff-Reinet, where he was the promoter of several useful...
BENJAMIN, MOSES – Beni-Israel military officer; born in 1830; died at Bombay in December, 1897. The son of a subedar (captain), he joined the Twelfth Bombay Native Infantry as a private. While a non-commissioned officer he was entrusted with the...
BENMOHEL, NATHAN LAZARUS – The first conforming Jew obtaining a degree in a British university; born at Hamburg about 1800; died in 1869. He settled in Dublin in 1829 as teacher of languages; entered the university after a course of private study in 1832;...
BENNETT, HENRY – Sergeant in the British army; born in England 1863; killed in action during the war with the Afridis, November, 1897. He was a grandson of Solomon Bennett, the engraver, who translated the Hebrew Bible into English in 1841....
BERGEL, YOM-ṬOB – Merchant and communal worker of Gibraltar; born in 1812; died at Gibraltar Oct. 14, 1894. He was one of the wealthiest and most respected merchants of the Gibraltar Jewish community, and for thirty years held the position of...
BERGSON, MICHAEL – Musician; born in Warsaw 1818; died at London March 9, 1898. He was a member of an eminent Jewish family of Warsaw, with which city he always preserved connection. Early in life he became a pupil of Chopin, and afterward settled...
BERGTHEIL, JONAS – Pioneer of Natal, South Africa; born in England about 1815; died 1902; emigrated to South Africa about 1844, at a time when the resources of the country were scarcely known, and the mode of living extremely primitive. Settling...
BERKOWITZ, HENRY – Russian-English educator; born at Warsaw in 1816; died in Gravesend April 5, 1891. He came to London in 1841, and attracting the notice of Chief Rabbi Adler, he was made a member of the latter's household. He afterward opened a...
BERNAL, RALPH – Politician and art-collector; died in 1854. His ancestors were of Spanish-Jewish origin. His father was Jacob Israel Bernal, a West-Indian merchant, who in 1744 refused the office of gabay (treasurer) of the Portuguese...