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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Goodman Lipkind, B.A.

Rabbi, New York City.

Contributions:
EMBDEN, ELEAZAR SOLOMON VON (Eliezer Leser Levi) – German physician and traveler; born at Emrich, near Cleves, between 1770 and 1780; graduated at Frankfort-on-the-Oder in 1800. From 1804 to 1816 he lived in England; he then settled in Hamburg, and in 1838 returned to England....
FEIS, JACOB – German merchant and author; died on July 7, 1900, in London, where he had resided for many years. He devoted his literary attainments chiefly to rendering some of the English classics into German, including Tennyson's "In...
FRANKLIN, BENJAMIN A. – Jamaica merchant; born at Manchester, England, 1811; died at Kingston, Jamaica, April 26, 1888. He went to the island about the year 1837, and engaged in business, becoming a magistrate and consul for Denmark. The tonnage dues...
FRANKLIN, JACOB ABRAHAM – English journalist and philanthropist; born at Portsmouth 1809; died Aug. 3, 1877. On his retirement from business he went to London and took an active part in communal affairs there. He established a weekly periodical, "The...
FRIEDLÄNDER, MICHAEL – Principal of Jews' College, London; born at Jutroschin, Prussia, April 29, 1833. He studied at the universities of Berlin and Halle (Ph.D. 1862), and concurrently with his university studies he read Talmud. Settling in Berlin,...
GASTER, MOSES – Haham of the Spanish and Portuguese congregation, London; born in Bucharest Sept. 16, 1856. Having taken a degree in his native city (1874), he proceeded to the Jewish seminary at Breslau, where he received the degree of Ph.D....
GELDERN, SIMON VON – Traveler and author; born 1720; died 1774. He was the great-uncle of Heine, who describes him in his "Memoirs" as an adventurer and Utopian dreamer. The appellation "Oriental" was given him because of his long journeys in...
GERSON, GEORGE HARTOG – German physician; born in Hamburg 1788; died there 1843. After taking his degree he traveled in Norway and Sweden, and finally settled in London, where he was ultimately appointed assistant surgeon at a military hospital. In...
GIDEON, SAMSON – English financier; born in London 1699; died 1762. He was a son of RowlandGideon (died 1720), a West-Indian merchant, who changed his name from the Portuguese "Abudiente" on settling in England, and became a freeman of the city...
GOLDENBERG, JOHN – Russian merchant; born on the confines of Russia and Rumania; died 1895. He followed the army in the Crimea (1856-57) as a sutler, and there acquired wealth, which he afterward greatly increased in Burma. He had settled in...
GOLDSMID – A family of English financiers, who trace descent from a certain Uri ha-Levi of Emden, as shown in the pedigree on opposite page.The following were some of the prominent members of the family:Aaron F. Goldsmid: London merchant...
GOLDSTÜCKER, THEODOR – German Sanskritist; born at Königsberg, Prussia, Jan. 18, 1821; died in London March 6, 1872. In 1840 he gained his degree of Ph.D. at Königsberg University, where he first studied Sanskrit under Bohlen, continuing his studies...
GOLLANCZ, HERMANN – English rabbi; born at Bremen Nov. 30, 1852; educated at Jews' and University colleges, London. He officiated at several synagogues in England, and on the death of the late chief rabbi succeeded Dr. Hermann Adler as rabbi at...
GOMPERTZ, BENJAMIN – British actuary; born in London March 5, 1779; died there July 14, 1865. He was descended from the family of Gomperz of Emmerich. In 1798 he began to contribute to the "Gentleman's Mathematical Companion," for a long time...
GOMPERTZ, LEWIS – English inventor of London; died Dec. 2, 1861; brother of Benjamin Gompertz, the mathematician. He devoted his life to the cause of kindness to animals, and in 1824 set forth his views in a work entitled "Moral Enquiries on the...
GORDON, LORD GEORGE – English agitator and convert to Judaism; born in London on Dec. 26, 1751; died in 1793; son of the third Duke of Gordon. After serving as midshipman and lieutenant in the navy, he entered Parliament for Inverness in 1774. In...
GREEN, AARON LEVY – English rabbi; born in London Aug., 1821; died March 11, 1883. A precocious student, at the age of fourteen he was successful as candidate for the post of reader in the Great Synagogue, and at seventeen was appointed minister of...
HAFFKINE, WALDEMAR MORDECAI WOLFF – Bacteriologist; born at Odessa, Russia, 1860; graduated from the University of Odessa in 1884 (D.Sc.). He resided for the five following years at Odessa, working in the zoological museum of the university. His researches...
HALFORD, GEORGE EDWARD – Private in the mounted infantry of the City of London Imperial Volunteers; born 1878; died at Karee, near Bloemfontein, May 15, 1900, during the war with the Transvaal (1899-1900). He was educated at University College School,...
HAMBRO, JOSEPH – Aulic councilor to the King of Denmark; born at Copenhagen Nov. 2, 1780; died in London Oct. 3, 1848. He began hiscareer with a Hamburg firm, afterward, however, devoting himself, as general agent, to the development of his...
HARRIS, DAVID – English soldier and mine-director; born in London 1852. He arrived at the Kimberley diamond fields about 1873, and in dealing in diamonds and claims met with great prosperity. While engaging in business he became an ardent...
HARRIS, MARK – English surveyor and soldier; born March 15, 1869; killed in action in Bechuanaland April 6, 1897. He was a son of Ephraim Harris, head master of the Jews' School at Manchester, where he was educated; afterward he was articled...
HART, AARON – First chief rabbi of the Ashkenazic Jews in England; born at Breslau in 1670; died in the year 1756. After studying at a yeshibah in Poland, he married the daughter of R. Samuel ben Phoebus of Fürth, author of a commentary on...
HART, ERNEST ABRAHAM – English physician and editor; born in London 1836; died there Jan. 7, 1898. He was educated at the City of London School and Queen's College, Cambridge. Choosing medicine as a profession, he was entered at St. George's Hospital,...
HART, HENRY JOHN – Australian magistrate; born in New York May 7, 1820; died 1884. Educated at Columbia College, New York, he was destined for the legal profession; but, evincing a distaste for the law, he left New York and went to Sydney in 1839....