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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Goodman Lipkind, B.A.

Rabbi, New York City.

Contributions:
LYON (LEONI), MYER – Operatic singer and ḥazzan; died at Kingston, Jamaica, about 1800; uncle of John Braham; both he and his nephew were choristers at the same time at the Great Synagogue, London. Lyon was also a public singer; and his voice was...
MAAS, JOSEPH – English musician and singer; born at Dartford, Kent, Jan. 30, 1847; died at London Jan. 16, 1886. Maas acted as chorister for five years at Rochester Cathedral (from 1856) and studied under J. C. Hopkins and Madame Bodda-Pyne....
MARGOLIUTH, MOSES – Convert to Christianity; born in Suwalki, Poland, Dec. 3, 1820; died in London Feb. 25, 1881. He went to Liverpool, England, in 1837, where he met a convert named Lazarus, and the Rev. H. S. Joseph; the latter baptized...
MARKS, B. S. – English artist; born in 1827 at Cardiff, where he received his art education and followed the profession of portrait-painter until his removal to London in 1867. As a native of Wales he became Royal Cambrian Academician. During...
MARKS, DAVID WOOLF – The "father" of Anglo-Jewish Reform; born in London Nov. 22, 1811; educated at the Jews' Free School, London. He acted as pupil-teacher at Solomon's boarding-school at Hammersmith for five years, and then became assistant reader...
MARKS, SAMUEL – South-African pioneer; born in Sheffield about 1850. He went to Cape Colony about 1868 and commenced trading in the country. He entered the diamond trade, and, gaining the confidence of the diggers, bought claims and worked...
MEDINA, SIR SOLOMON DE – English army contractor about 1711. He was a wealthy Jew who went to England with William III., and who attained some notoriety by his extensive dealings with the English government of his day. "The Jew Medina," as he was...
MOCATTA – An Anglo-Jewish family which can be traced back to one of the earliest of the resettlers in England.David Mocatta: English architect; born in London 1806; died May 1, 1882; son of Moses Mocatta, translator of "Faith...
MOMBACH, JULIUS LAZARUS – Musician and composer; born in Pfungstadt 1813; died at London, England, Feb. 8, 1880. In 1828 he went to London and received a good musical education under Enoch Eliasson. On the election of Simon Ascher to the position of...
MOND, LUDWIG – English chemist; born at Cassel, Germany, March 7, 1839; educated at the Polytechnic School, Cassel, and at the universities of Marburg and Heidelberg. In 1862 he went to England and engaged in the Le Blanc soda industry,...
MONTAGU, HYMAN – English numismatist and lawyer; died in London Feb. 18, 1895; son of Samuel Moses (having later assumed the name ofMontagu); educated at the City of London School. Articled to a firm of lawyers, he passed his final examination...
MONTAGU, SIR SAMUEL, Bart. – English banker and communal worker; born at Liverpool Dec. 21, 1832; son of Louis Samuel, his name, "Montagu Samuel," having been in his early boyhood reversed by his parents. He went to London in 1847, and in 1853 founded the...
MONTEFIORE – Anglo-Jewish family which derives its name from a town in Italy. In 1856 there were three towns so named in the Pontifical States, but from which of the three the family came is not definitely known. As far back as 1630 the...
MONTEFIORE – Anglo-Jewish family which derives its name from a town in Italy. In 1856 there were three towns so named in the Pontifical States, but from which of the three the family came is not definitely known. As far back as 1630 the...
MOSES, SILAS MEYER – President of the Bank of Bombay; second son of M. S. Moses; born in Bombay Nov. 23, 1845. He was educated in that city, and, being related to the Sassoon family, went at an early age to China in connection with the business of...
NATHAN, BARNETT – English dramatic and musical entrepreneur; born in 1793; died in London Dec. 6, 1856. Nathan was also a teacher of dancing from 1844 till his death. He acted for many years as master of the ceremonies and managing director at...
NATHAN, ISAAC – English musician and composer; born at Canterbury, England, in 1792; died at Sydney, N. S. W., Jan. 15, 1864. He was intended for the ministry and studied under Professor Lyon at Cambridge, but, owing to his love of music, he...
NATHAN, SIR MATTHEW – English soldier and administrator; born in London Jan. 3, 1862; son of Jonah Nathan. He joined the Royal Engineers on May 19, 1880, from the Royal Military Academy, Woolwich, where he received the Pollock medal as the most...
NEILSON, JULIA (Mrs. Fred Terry) – English actress; born in London 1868; educated at Wiesbaden, Germany. Returning to London in 1883, she became a student at the Royal Academy of Music, and, being possessed of a fine mezzo-soprano voice, devoted herself...
NEUBAUER, ADOLF – Sublibrarian at the Bodleian Library and reader in Rabbinic Hebrew at Oxford University; born at Bittse, Hungary, March 11, 1831. He received a thorough education in rabbinical literature, and his earliest contributions were...
NEUBERG, JOSEPH – English litterateur; secretary to Thomas Carlyle; born at Würzburg, Bavaria, May 21, 1806; died in London March 23, 1867. At first he entered into business at Hamburg, and was afterward placed in a position of much...
NEUMEGEN, LEOPOLD – English school-master; born in Posen in 1787; died at Kew, near London, April, 1875. He first taught in Göttingen, and about 1816 removed to England, where he became principal of a boarding-school at Highgate (London). His...
NEWMAN, ALFRED ALVAREZ – English metal-worker and art-collector; born in London 1851; died there 1887. He revived the blacksmith's art in its medieval phases and was the founder of the Old English smithy in Archer street, Haymarket,London. Being a...
NEWMAN, SELIG – German Hebraist; born at Posen, Prussian Poland, in 1788; died at Williamsburg, N. Y., Feb. 20, 1871. He was educated at Posen, but in 1814 went to England and was appointed minister to the Plymouth congregation, teaching Hebrew...
NIETO, DAVID – Haham of the Sephardic community in London; born at Venice 1654; died in London Jan. 10, 1728. He first practised as a physician and officiated as a Jewish preacher at Leghorn, Italy. There he wrote in Italian a work entitled...