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H. Brody, Ph.D.

Rabbi; Coeditor of the "Zeitschrift für Hebräische Bibliographie"; Nachod, Bohemia, Austria.

Contributions:
ABI ZIMRA, ABRAHAM BEN MEIR – Flourished in Malaga, and seems to have left his home in 1492, going to Oran, and dwelling later in Tlemçen. He enjoyed quite a reputation as a poet, but very few of his writings have been preserved. His composition ("My soul,...
ABITUR, JOSEPH BEN ISAAC BEN STANS IBN – Talmudist and liturgical poet, who, according to statements made by Moses ben Ezra, and according to one of Abitur's own acrostic poems, was born in Merida about the beginning of the tenth century. He died in Damascus about the...
ABRAHAM BEN MOSES (SCHEDEL) – Printer and corrector for the press; flourished in Prague about 1600. Abraham met with some success in authorship. He translated the Book of Ezekiel into Judæo-German rime, and printed it in his own establishment in 1602. He...
ALTSCHUL, ALTSCHULER, ALTSCHUELER – Various forms of a family name borne by Ashkenazic Jews in many countries. Though each of these forms now represents groups that are distinct from one another, and that, apparently, are not interconnected by ties of...
ALTSCHUL, ALTSCHULER, ALTSCHUELER – Various forms of a family name borne by Ashkenazic Jews in many countries. Though each of these forms now represents groups that are distinct from one another, and that, apparently, are not interconnected by ties of...
ALTSCHUL, ALTSCHULER, ALTSCHUELER – Various forms of a family name borne by Ashkenazic Jews in many countries. Though each of these forms now represents groups that are distinct from one another, and that, apparently, are not interconnected by ties of...
AWANI, ISḤAḲ IBN AL- – Head of the Academy of Bagdad until displaced by a rival; lived in the thirteenth century. He was a contemporary of Al-Ḥarizi, who seems to have made much fun of him. Referring to his displacement from his academical position,...
AZHAROT – The "613" Precepts. Liturgical poems treating of the precepts of the Law. The Babylonian Talmud (Mak. 23b) contains an utterance by R. Simlai to the effect that "613 commandments were revealed to Moses: 365, equal to the number...
BUBER, SOLOMON – Galician scholar and editor of Hebrew works; born at Lemberg Feb. 2, 1827. His father, Isaiah Abraham Buber, was versed in Talmudic literature and Jewish philosophy, and was Solomon's teacher in the latter subject; but for his...
DAR'I, MOSES – 1. Moses ben Adonim ha-Lewi: Karaite; flourished in Dar'ah toward the end of the ninth century. He was a grammarian of prominence, as is shown by the title "Medaḳdeḳ" (Grammarian) given to him. Some of his exegetic notes,...
DURAN – A widely scattered family, originally from Provence, not from Oran ("d'Oran"), as some scholars think. A "Mosse Duram" is mentioned in a list of Tarascon Jews, 1350-1487 ("Rev. Etudes Juives," xxxix. 268). The Durans went first...
ELIJAH BEN BENJAMIN HA-LEVI – Turkish rabbi; flourished in Constantinople in the sixteenth century. He succeeded one of his teachers, Elijah Mizraḥi, as rabbi in Constantinople (1526). Elijah made the first collection of prayers for the Maḥzor Romania...
ELIJAH BEN MORDECAI – Payyeṭan of the eleventh century, possibly a native of Italy. Of his poetic productions a "ḳerobah" for the Minḥah of the Day of Atonement ( ) is extant in the German-Polish liturgy. Eliezer ben Nathan wrote a commentary on...
EPIC POETRY – Though an abundance of historical reminiscence and a mass of soul-stirring legend lay in the storehouse of Jewish literature, none of it was built into a heroic poem. Religious and secular poets, it is true, often treated of...
EPIGRAMS – Short poems with an unexpected yet pointed ending; much in favor among Jewish writers because of the play of wit which they permitted, though often rather in substance than in form. Such epigrammatic phrasings of ideas were used...
FOGES, BARUCH BENEDICT – Austrian author; born at Prague June 28, 1805; died Aug. 23, 1890, in Karolinenthal, a suburb of Prague, where he was principal of a school. He is known as the author of "Alterthümer der Prager Josefstadt," Prague, 1855; 3d ed.,...
FRIEDRICHSFELD, DAVID B. ZEBI HIRSCH – German and Hebrew author; born about 1755 in Berlin; died Feb. 19, 1810, in Amsterdam. In the Prussian capital he absorbed the scholarship and ideas of the contemporaneous Meassefim. In 1781 he went to Amsterdam, where he was...
FÜRST, JULIUS – German Hebraist and Orientalist; born May 12, 1805, at Zerkowo, Prussia, where his father, Jacob, was darshan; died at Leipsic Feb. 9, 1873. Fürst studied at Berlin (where Hegel and Neander were among his teachers), Breslau, and...
FÜRTH, MEYER B. ELHANAN – German writer and teacher, who belonged only in a restricted sense to the school of the Meassefim, for he was a conservative and wrote against Reform and reformers. He annotated a mathematical work by Abraham Joseph Mentz...
GERONDI, ISAAC B. ZERAHIAH HALEVI – Talmudist; lived in Gerona in the twelfth century. He was the father of Zerahiah ha-Levi, author of "Sefer ha-Ma'or," and of Berachiah ha-Levi, author of some piyyuṭim; among the latter are to be found compositions for Sabbath...
GERONDI, MOSES B. SOLOMON D'ESCOLA – Hebrew poet; relative of Moses Naḥmanides; lived at Gerona, Catalonia, in the second half of the thirteenth century. In the letter Naḥmanides wrote to his son from Jerusalem he sends his greetings to Gerondi, whom he calls "beni...
GHAYYAT, SOLOMON B. JUDAH – Hebrew poet of the twelfth century; possibly a grandson of Isaac Gḥayyat, the famous teacher of Lucena. Solomon was on terms of friendship with Judah ha-Levi, who dedicated to him one of the most important compositions of his...
ḤALAYO, DAVID BEN SAMUEL – Probably a son of the Samuel Ḥalayo of Bersak ( ) who was in correspondence with Simon ben Ẓemaḥ Duran. David, who was a ḥazzan or cantor, was a pupil of Simon Duran, and it was at his suggestion that the latter wrote the...
IBN MUHAJAR, AHUB BEN MEÏR HANASI IBN V06p538003.jpg – Spanish-Arabian poet of the twelfth century; probably a brother of the poet Joseph ben Meïr and of Abraham b. Meïr ibn Muhajar. In the earlier sources he is called either "Ahub" or "Oheb"; and it is difficult to say which is...
INVOCATION – A form of praise or blessing greatly in vogue in medieval Hebrew literature. In ancient times the invocation was an essential part of the various forms of salutation, many instances of which are found in Biblical, and especially...