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Isaac Broydé,

(Office Editor), Doctor of the University of Paris, France; formerly Librarian of the Alliance Israélite Universelle, Paris, France; New York City.

Contributions:
YELISAVETGRAD (ELIZABETHGRAD) – Town in the government of Kherson, Russia. It was founded in 1754, and soon became one of the most important cities of southern Russia. The name of Yelisavetgrad recalls sad memories to the Russian Jews; for from that town...
YOD – Tenth letter of the Hebrew alphabet. The name seems to be connected with "yad," meaning "hand"; the Phenician "yod" remotely resembles a hand in form. The letter is a palatal semivowel, identical in sound with the English "y."...
YUDGHANITES – Members of the Jewish sect called "Al-Yudghaniyyah," after the name of its founder, Yudghan or Judah of Hamadan, a disciple of Abu 'Isa al-Isfahani. Shortly after the defeat of Abu 'Isa and his followers, the 'Isawites, at Rai...
ZACUTO, ABRAHAM BEN SAMUEL – His "Yuḥasin." Spanish astronomer mathematician, and historian; born at Salamanca about 1450; died in Turkey after 1510. An astronomer of wide-spread reputation, he was appointed professor at the university of his native city,...
ẒAHALON – A family of Spanish origin; represented by members who, after the exile from Spain, settled in Italy and the Orient, where they distinguished themselves as rabbis and scholars.Abraham ben Isaac Ẓahalon: Talmudist and cabalist of...
ẒARFATI, ẒAREFATI – Epithet frequently applied in rabbinical literature to Jews of French birth or descent. Among those so called may be mentioned: Meïr Ẓarfati, whom Carmoly sought to identify with the Meïr ha-Kohen of Narbonne who emigrated to...
ẒARFATI, ẒAREFATI – Epithet frequently applied in rabbinical literature to Jews of French birth or descent. Among those so called may be mentioned: Meïr Ẓarfati, whom Carmoly sought to identify with the Meïr ha-Kohen of Narbonne who emigrated to...
ZARḲO, JUDAH BEN ABRAHAM – Hebrew poet distinguished for the elegance of his style; flourished at Rhodes in the sixteenth century. During a residence at Constantinople he wrote his "Leḥem Yehudah" (Constantinople, 1560), which contains an allegory on the...
ZARZA, SAMUEL IBN SENEH – Spanish philosopher; lived at Valencia in the second half of the fourteenth century. According to Zunz, his surname is derived from the Spanish town Zarza (= "thorn-bush"), and is accordingly synonymous with the Hebrew "seneh."...
ZAYIN (ו) – Seventh letter of the Hebrew alphabet. The meaning of the name is uncertain. In sound the letter is a sonant sibilant, its phonetic value corresponding to the English "z." It interchanges with the surd sibilant ("s"), and occurs...
ẒEBI HIRSCH BEN ḤAYYIM – Dayyan and ḥazzan at Posen toward the end of the seventeenth century. Under the title "Sefer Or Yashar" he edited (Amsterdam, 1709) an Ashkenazic ritual, to which he appended notes of his own, various commentaries collected from...
ẒEBI HIRSCH BEN ISAAC JACOB – Shoḥeṭ at Cracow in the sixteenth century; a pupil of Moses Isserles. He was the author of "Haggahot le-Sefer Sheḥiṭah u-Bediḳah" (Cracow, 1631; n. p. 1723; Amsterdam, 1745; Zolkiev, 1793), annotations appended to Jacob Weil's...
ẒEBI HIRSCH BEN JOSEPH BEN ẒEBI HA-KOHEN – Polish Talmudist of the seventeenth century; studied for some time at Cracow under Yom-Ṭob Lipmann Heller. He was the author of "Naḥalat Ẓebi" (Venice, 1661), a commentary on Joseph Caro's Shulḥan 'Aruk, Eben ha-'Ezer, and of...
ZERAHIAH BEN ISAAC HA-LEVI GERONDI – Talmudic author and liturgical poet of the twelfth century; disciple of Moses ben Joseph of Narbonne. Azulai and many others, influenced by the statement of Zacuto ("Sefer ha-Yuḥasin," ed. Filopowski, p. 218) that Zerahiah...
ZERAHIAH HA-YEWANI (RaZaH) – Byzantine ethical writer of the thirteenth or fourteenth century. Of his life no details are known, except that he was the author of an ethical work entitled "Sefer ha-Yashar," which was confused with Jacob Tam's halakic work of...
ZOHAR – Source. A pseudepigraphic work which pretends to be a revelation from God communicated through R. Simeon ben Yoḥai to the latter's select disciples. Under the form of a commentary on the Pentateuch, written partly in Aramaic and...
ZOMBER, BERNHARD (BÄR) – Polish scholar; born at Lask in 1821; died at Berlin in 1884. Having acquired a fair knowledge of rabbinical literature in his native country, he went to Germany, where he studied successively under Joseph Shapiro and Jacob...
ẒOREF, SAMUEL HA-LEVI – Rabbi at Posen; died between 1710 and 1716. He was the author of "Maẓref la-Kesef" (Frankfort-on-the-Oder, 1681), containing extracts from and an index to the "Shene Luḥot ha-Berit" ("SHeLaH") of Isaiah Horowitz, with two...