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The unedited full-text of the 1906 Jewish Encyclopedia
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Isaac Broydé,

(Office Editor), Doctor of the University of Paris, France; formerly Librarian of the Alliance Israélite Universelle, Paris, France; New York City.

Contributions:
BANK, JOSHUA BEN ISAAC – Rabbi at Tulchin, Russia; born at Satanov in the first half of the nineteenth century. He was the author of the following works: (1) "Sippurim Nifla'im" (Wonderful Tales), translated from other languages into Hebrew verses...
BARBER, IDA – German authoress; born at Berlin July 9, 1842. She began her literary career when quite young, and published the following novels either in book form or as serials in magazines: (1) "Gebrochene Herzen"; (2) "Russische...
BARDACH, ELIJAH – Merchant and Hebrew scholar; born at Lemberg 1794; died at Vienna April 11, 1864. He devoted his leisure time to the study of Hebrew literature, and is the author of "'Aḳedat Yiẓḥaḳ" (The Sacrifice of Isaac), Vienna, 1833—a...
BARDACH, ISRAEL ISAAC BEN ḤAYYIM MOSES – Grammarian; lived in Lithuania at the end of the eighteenth century. He was the author of "Ṭa'ame Torah" (The Accents of the Law), which forms the second part of a treatise of his on grammar. This work was published at Wilna in...
BARLOW, THOMAS – Bishop of Lincoln; born in Westmoreland in 1607; died Oct. 8, 1691. He was educated at Appleby, and removed thence to Queen's College, Oxford. In 1654 he was appointed keeper of the Bodleian Library. Afterward he was made...
BARNAVE, ANTOINE PIERRE JOSEPH MARIE – French politician; member of the Assemblie Nationale; born at Grenoble in Dauphiny Oct. 22, 1761; guillotined in Paris Nov. 29, 1793. He was of a Protestant family. Barnave received his education in the law at home; and at the...
BARUCH, JOSHUA BOAZ BEN SIMON BEN ABRAHAM – A prominent Talmudist; lived at Sabionetta, later at Savigliano; died in 1557. He was a descendant of an old Judæo-Spanish family, and probably settled in Italy after the banishment of the Jews from Spain. When he was...
BASHYAZI, ELIJAH B. MOSES B. MENAHEM OF ADRIANOPLE – Karaite ḥakam; born at Adrianople about 1420; died there in 1490. After being instructed in the Karaite literature and theology of his father and grandfather, both learned ḥakams of the Karaite community of Adrianople, Bashyazi...
BASHYAZI, HILLEL BEN MOSES – Karaite scholar; lived at Constantinople in the first half of the sixteenth century. He was the author of a commentary upon the Karaite prayer-book entitled "Tehillat Adonai" (The Praise of God). The work is still extant in...
BASHYAZI, MOSES BEN ELIJAH – Karaite scholar; great-grandson of Elijah Bashyazi; born at Constantinople in 1537; died in 1555. When but sixteen years of age, he displayed a remarkable degree of learning and a profound knowledge of foreign languages. He...
BASSIN, ELIEZER – Missionary at Jassy, Rumania; born about 1840 in the government of Mohilev, Russia. In 1869 he went to Constantinople, where he made the acquaintance of English missionaries who persuaded him to embrace Christianity. He was the...
BASSUS, LUCILIUS – Governor of Judea after the conquest of Jerusalem by Titus (70). He had formerly been prefect of the fleet at Ravenna, and took the oath of allegiance to Vitellius; but, dissatisfied with not having been promoted to the dignity...
BAṬALYUSI, AL-HAFIZ ABU MOHAMMED ABD ALLAH IBN MOHAMMED IBN AL-SID AL – Credited with Philosophical Treatise. Arabian philologist; born at Badajos (whence his name Al-Baṭalyusi = native of Badajos) in the second half of the eleventh century; died at Valencia in 1127 (compare Hartwig Derenbourg in...
BECK, JACOB BEN ENOCH – Dayyan and shoḥet at Leipnik, Moravia, at the end of the eighteenth century and the beginning of the nineteenth He was the author of "Zibḥe Shelamim" (Sacrifices of Peace-Offerings), containing the laws concerning the...
BÉDARRIDES, GUSTAVE EMANUEL – French magistrate; born at Aix-les-Bains Feb. 20, 1817; died at Paris June 5, 1899. Graduating from the University of Paris, he entered public life in 1840 as substitute counselor at the tribunal of Aix. Three years later he...
BEDERSI, ABRAHAM BEN ISAAC – Provençal poet; born at Béziers (whence his surname "Bedersi"—native of Béziers). The dates of his birth and death have not been ascertained. An elegy which he composed during his youth, upon the "Confiscation of the Books of...
BEDERSI, JEDAIAH BEN ABRAHAM – Poet, physician, and philosopher; born at Béziers (whence his surname Bedersi) about 1270; died about 1340. His Provençal name was En Bonet, which probably corresponds to the Hebrew name Tobiah (compare "Oheb Nashim" in the...
BEELEN, THEODORE JOHANN – Professor of Oriental languages at the Catholic University of Louvain, Belgium; born at Amsterdam at the beginning of the nineteenth century. He devoted himself early to the study of Hebrew literature, especially rabbinical, and...
BEER, BENJAMIN BEN ELIJAH HA-ROFE – An Italian, doubtless an artist, who lived in Italy, probably at Ferrara, during the fifteenth century. On a bronze medal discovered at Lyons, France, in 1656, Beer's name appears in acrostic in the Hebrew legend encircling the...
BEER-BING, ISAIAH – French journalist; born at Metz in 1759; died in Paris July 21, 1805. He entered early upon a literary career, and at the age of twenty-five published a French translation of the "Phaedon" of Moses Mendelssohn, under the title...
BEIM, SOLOMON BEN ABRAHAM – Karaite ḥakam and ḥazan at Odessa; born there about 1820. Having received a good education from his father, who was an excellent Hebrew scholar, Solomon devoted himself to the instruction of his coreligionists, and founded many...
BEḲIIN – A small town in Palestine, between Jabneh and Lydda. It is mentioned as the seat of a Talmudical school founded by R. Joshua ben Hananiah during the reign of Gamaliel II. (Bab. Sanh. 32b; Yer. Ḥag. i. 75d; Tosef., Soṭah, vii....
BELID, SON OF ALÈGRE – Prominent French Jew; lived in Toulouse at the beginning of the thirteenth century. His name figures in many deeds of conveyance with the title "Dominus," which implies a superior rank. On several occasions his wife, termed...
BELINFANTE, ISAAC COHEN – Poet and preacher at the great synagogue 'Eẓ Hayyim, Amsterdam; died in that city Sept. 7, 1781; son of Elijah Cohen Belinfante. In an approbation to the work "Dibre David" he enumerates the following political works written by...
BELINFANTE, MOSES BEN ẒADDIḲ HA-KOHEN – A Judæo-Dutch journalist, translator, and writer of school-books; born at The Hague Sept. 24, 1761; died there June 29, 1827. He founded in 1806 the first Judæo-Dutch paper, "Sulamith," devoted especially to the interests of the...